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Status in employment (SIEMP)

Census of Population and Housing: Census dictionary
Reference period
2021

Definition

This variable defines a person’s employment status for the main job held in the week prior to Census night. 

If a person's status in employment cannot be determined as an owner manager of an incorporated or unincorporated enterprise, responses are categorised to 'Not stated'.

Scope

Employed persons aged 15 years and over

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Employee

2

Owner manager of incorporated enterprise with employees

3

Owner manager of incorporated enterprise without employees

4

Owner manager of incorporated enterprise – employees not stated

5

Owner manager of unincorporated enterprise with employees

6

Owner manager of unincorporated enterprise without employees

7

Owner manager of unincorporated enterprise – employees not stated

8

Contributing family worker

&

Not stated

@

Not applicable

V

Overseas visitor

Number of categories:  11

Not applicable (@) category comprises:

  • Persons aged under 15 years
  • Persons who are unemployed
  • Persons with Labour force status (LFSP) not stated
  • Persons not in the labour force

Question(s) from the Census form

Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?

    Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?
    Last week, did Person 1 have a job of any kind?

    A ‘job’ means any type of work including casual, temporary, part-time or full-time work, if it was for one hour or more.

    More information

    Yes, worked for payment or profit

    Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down

    Yes, unpaid work in a family business

    Yes, other unpaid work

    No, did not have a job

      More information

      Additional information relating to the question on: Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?

      More information

      Last week, did Person 1 have a job of any kind?

      A ‘job’ means any type of work including casual, temporary, part-time or full-time work, if it was for one hour or more.

      More information

      Last week refers to the week before Census night – Tuesday 10 August 2021.

      People who did some work for which they will receive some payment (including casual, temporary or part-time work) and it was for one hour or more in the last week select the 'Yes, worked for payment or profit' response.

      People not working due to a COVID lockdown...
      • who worked at all in the four weeks before the current lockdown, select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
      • who did not work in the four weeks before the current lockdown, select 'No, did not have a job'.

      People on paid leave, for example holiday leave, maternity leave or sick leave, should select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.

      People who have been on unpaid leave...
      • for less than four weeks and are not being paid, select ‘Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
      • for four weeks or more and are not being paid, select 'No, did not have a job'.

      People who are on workers' compensation and...
      • are planning to return to work, select ‘Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
      • won't be returning to work, select 'No, did not have a job'.

      People working for the dole are considered not to be in paid work and should select 'No, did not have a job'.

      People who are casual or freelance workers and...
      • worked in the week before Census night, select 'Yes, worked for payment or profit'.
      • did not work last week but worked at some stage in the four weeks before Census night, select ‘Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down'.
      • did not work in the four weeks before Census night, select 'No, did not have a job'.

      People who work from home and...
      • get paid, select the appropriate 'Yes' response.
      • do not get paid, select 'No, did not have a job'.

      Retired people should select 'No, did not have a job'. This also applies to people who have never had a job.

      In the main job held last week, was the person: Working for an employer; Working in own business

        In the main job held last week, was the person: Working for an employer; Working in own business
        In the main job held last week, was Person 1:

        If the person had more than one job last week, then ‘main job’ refers to the job in which the person usually works the most hours.

        For all persons conducting their own business, including those with their own incorporated (e.g. Pty Ltd) company, as well as sole traders, partnerships and contractors, select ‘Working in own business’.

        Working for an employer

        Working in own business

        Was the person’s business: Unincorporated; Incorporated (e.g. Pty Ltd)

        This question is only applicable for people aged 15 years and over who responded with 'Working in own business' to the previous question, 'In the main job last week, was the person: Working for an employer; Working in own business?'

          Was the person’s business: Unincorporated; Incorporated (e.g. Pty Ltd)
          Was Person 1's business:

          Incorporated means a limited liability company.

          More information

          Unincorporated

          Incorporated (e.g. Pty Ltd)

            More information

            Additional information relating to the question on: Was Person 1's business: Incorporated means a limited liability company. More information Person's business type Unincorporated Incorporated (e.g. Pty Ltd)

            More information

            Was Person 1's business:

            Incorporated means a limited liability company.

            More information

            If the person's business is unincorporated, for example, if they are a sole trader or in a partnership, select 'Unincorporated'.

            If the person's business is incorporated as a separate legal entity with limited liability (e.g. Pty Ltd company), select 'Incorporated (e.g. Pty Ltd)'.

            Does the person’s business employ people?

            This question is only applicable for people aged 15 years and over who responded with 'Working in own business' to the question, 'In the main job last week, was the person: Working for an employer; Working in own business?'

              Does the person’s business employ people?
              Does Person 1's business employ people?

              Exclude owner/s of the business.

              More information

              No, no employees (other than owner/s)

              Yes, 1 - 19 employees

              Yes, 20 or more employees

                More information

                Additional information relating to the question on: Does the person’s business employ people?

                More information

                Does Person 1's business employ people?

                Exclude owner/s of the business.

                More information

                Select the number of people employed in the person's business (on an ongoing basis) as at Census night (excluding the owner/s of the business).

                Exclude contractors, sub-contractors and intermittent casuals (on call, but do not have regular shifts).

                How this variable is created

                This variable is derived from responses to several questions on the Census form. Data is captured automatically from mark box responses. 

                History and changes

                Status in employment (SEIMP) was first introduced in 2016 to replace Employment type (EMPT) which was discontinued. This variable collects the same information at a more detailed level on whether the incorporated or unincorporated enterprise is with or without employees.

                No changes have been made for 2021.

                Data use considerations

                Lockdown

                A number of regions across the country were in various stages of lockdown on Census day, and the week preceding it, resulting in a greater number of people being temporarily stood down on Census day. Guidance on how to correctly respond was provided at the time on the Census website, as follows: 

                If you were employed in the 4 weeks prior to the current lockdown period, but haven't been able to work in the last week due to lockdown or requirement to self-isolate, please select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike or temporarily stood down'.
                 

                Related variables and glossary terms