Latest release

Household income derivation indicator (HIDD)

Census of Population and Housing: Census dictionary
Reference period
2021

Definition

This variable identifies households where people were absent from the dwelling on Census night, did not state their income, or stated a negative income.

Scope

Occupied private dwellings

Categories

CodeCategory

No members aged 15 years and over temporarily absent

All incomes stated

1

No negative incomes stated

2

One or more negative incomes stated

One or more incomes not stated

3

No negative incomes stated

4

One or more negative incomes stated

One or more members aged 15 years and over temporarily absent 

Incomes stated for all members present

5

No negative incomes stated

6

One or more negative incomes stated

One or more incomes or members present not stated

7

No negative incomes stated

8

One or more negative incomes stated

Not applicable

@

Not applicable

Number of categories:  9

Not applicable (@) category comprises:

  • Non-private dwellings
  • Unoccupied private dwellings
  • Migratory, off-shore and shipping SA1s
  • Other non-classifiable households

Question(s) from the Census form

What is the total of all income the person usually receives?

    What is the total of all income the person usually receives?
    What is the total of all income Person 1 usually receives?

    Do not deduct: tax, superannuation contributions, amounts salary sacrificed, or any other automatic deductions.

    Include:
    • Wages and salaries
    - Regular overtime
    - Commissions and bonuses

    • Government pensions, benefits and allowances

    • Profit or loss from:
    - Unincorporated business/farm (e.g. sole traders, partnerships)
    - Rental properties

    • Other income from:
    - Superannuation
    - Child support
    - Dividends from shares
    - Interest
    - Workers’ compensation
    - Any other income sources

    More information

    Person's usual total income

    $3,500 or more per week
    ($182,000 or more per year)

    $3,000 - $3,499 per week
    ($156,000 - $181,999 per year)

    $2,000 - $2,999 per week
    ($104,000 - $155,999 per year)

    $1,750 - $1,999 per week
    ($91,000 - $103,999 per year)

    $1,500 - $1,749 per week
    ($78,000 - $90,999 per year)

    $1,250 - $1,499 per week
    ($65,000 - $77,999 per year)

    $1,000 - $1,249 per week
    ($52,000 - $64,999 per year)

    $800 - $999 per week
    ($41,600 - $51,999 per year)

    $650 - $799 per week
    ($33,800 - $41,599 per year)

    $500 - $649 per week
    ($26,000 - $33,799 per year)

    $400 - $499 per week
    ($20,800 - $25,999 per year)

    $300 - $399 per week
    ($15,600 - $20,799 per year)

    $150 - $299 per week
    ($7,800 - $15,599 per year)

    $1 - $149 per week
    ($1 - $7,799 per year)

    $0 or nil income

    Negative income
      Additional information relating to the question on: What is the total of all income the person usually receives?
      What is the total of all income Person 1 usually receives?

      Do not deduct: tax, superannuation contributions, amounts salary sacrificed, or any other automatic deductions.

      Include:
      • Wages and salaries
      ­ - Regular overtime
      ­ - Commissions and bonuses

      • Government pensions, benefits and allowances

      • Profit or loss from:
      ­ - Unincorporated business/farm (e.g. sole traders, partnerships)
      ­ - Rental properties

      • Other income from:
      ­ - Superannuation
      ­ - Child support
      ­ - Dividends from shares
      ­ - Interest
      ­ - Workers’ compensation
      ­ - Any other income sources

      More information

      Information from this question provides an indication of living standards in different areas.

      Count total income from all sources, not just a regular wage or salary. Total income is the person's personal income before any tax, superannuation contributions, amounts salary sacrificed or other automatic payments are deducted.

      If the person is currently affected by COVID lockdown restrictions, report the total income they usually received before the lockdown began.

      Government pensions, benefits and allowances
      Include:
      • Age Pension
      • Family Tax Benefit
      • Parenting Payment
      • Disability Support Pension
      • JobSeeker Payment
      • Youth and student allowances
      • Carer Allowance
      • Any other government pension, benefit or allowance

      Note: remember to include the total value of any pensions, benefits and other government allowances that the person is currently receiving.

      Business owners and self-employed people
      Business owners and self-employed people should include the total profit or loss from the operations of their business, or their share of the business in a partnership.
      The profit or loss of a business is calculated as its gross receipts less its operation expenses (such as rent, materials and fuel costs).
      If the person has other sources of income, such as wages or government allowances, these should be added to their business income to calculate their total income from all sources.

      Other income
      For interest and dividends, calculate the amount the person expects to receive in a full year and add this to their total yearly income from other sources; divide by 26 to work out a fortnightly amount; or, divide by 52 to work out a weekly amount.
      For other regular income, such as superannuation or child support, include the amount the person currently receives for one week or fortnight, or calculate the amount they expect to receive in a full year and add this to their total yearly income from other sources.
      Include Private Pensions and Workers Compensation under Other income.

      Negative income
      Negative income occurs when the operating expenses are higher than the gross receipts (or revenue) of a self-employed person, business or a rental property. A person has negative income if these losses are greater than any income, benefits or allowances received from other sources.

      How this variable is created

      This variable is derived from the following variables:

      To identify households with members aged 15 years and over temporarily absent on Census night the following variables are used:

      • Count of persons temporarily absent from dwelling (CPAD)
      • Count of persons/dependent children temporarily absent from family variables (CPAF)

      History and changes

      This variable was first introduced in the 1991 Census. No changes have been made for 2021.

      Data use considerations

      This variable allows household income to be derived from individual incomes based on certain conditions as listed in the categories.

      Household income derivation Indicator can also be used:

      • to remove these households from the population of a table, or to estimate the impact on total household income caused by negative/no income or people away from the dwelling on Census night
      • in conjunction with Total personal income (weekly) (INCP) to create a new household income variable.

      Related variables and glossary terms

      • Total household income (weekly) (HIND)
      • Total personal income (weekly) (INCP)