Employment and unemployment
Labour Force, Australia
Seasonally adjusted estimates for September 2021:
- Unemployment rate increased to 4.6%.
- Participation rate decreased to 64.5%.
- Employment decreased to 12,884,600.
- Employment to population ratio decreased to 61.5%.
- Underemployment rate decreased to 9.2%.
- Monthly hours worked increased by 15 million hours.
Job Vacancies, Australia
The seasonally adjusted estimates for the August 2021 quarter are as follows:
- Total job vacancies were 333,700, a decrease of 9.8% from May 2021.
- Private sector vacancies were 302,400, a decrease of 10.9% from May 2021.
- Public sector vacancies were 31,300, an increase of 2.3% from May 2021.
Labour Force Status of Families
In June 2021:
- There were 7.3 million families, an increase of 1 million since June 2011
- 1 in 7 families were one parent families (15.0%)
- There were 1.4 million jobless families (19.5%)
- Of the 6.1 million couple families, 1.6% were same-sex couples
Labour Account Australia
In seasonally adjusted terms for the June quarter 2021:
- Total jobs increased 262,200 (1.8%).
- Filled jobs increased 167,300 (1.2%) to 14.4 million.
- Multiple job holders increased 5.7%.
- Secondary jobs increased 15,100 (1.4%).
- Hours worked increased 1.8%.
- Employed people increased 0.7% to 13.3 million.
Participation, Job Search and Mobility, Australia
- 2.2 million people who were not working wanted to work.
- 1.7 million people not working were available to start work immediately.
- 1.6 million people wanted to work more than their usual hours.
- Over half a million employed people worked fewer than their usual hours for economic reasons.
- 975,000 people changed jobs in the last year.
In February 2021 there were 20.7 million people in the usually resident civilian population who were 15 years or over, of whom:
- 2.2 million people who were not working and wanted to work, of whom 808,000 were unemployed.
- 1.7 million people who were not working and were available to start work immediately.
In February 2021:
- 1.6 million people (12% of employed) wanted to work more than their usual hours.
- 550,000 people (4% of employed) worked fewer than their usual hours for economic reasons.
- Underemployment ratio was 14.6%.
- Hours-based (volume) underemployment ratio was 5.3%.
Employment and Earnings, Public Sector, Australia
There were 2,041,200 public sector employees at the end of June 2020 comprising:
- 246,000 employees in Commonwealth government;
- 1,609,100 in state government; and
- 186,000 in local government.
Total public sector cash wages and salaries in 2019-20 was $174,139.5 million.
Barriers and Incentives to Labour Force Participation, Australia
- The most common reason women were unavailable start a job or work more hours within four weeks was 'Caring for children', while for men it was 'Long term sickness or disability'.
- The most important incentives for people to seek a job or more hours were those related to child-care access and costs.
Retirement and Retirement Intentions, Australia
- There were 3.9 million retirees.
- 55% of people over 55 were retired, up from 53% in 2016-17.
- Average retirement age (of all retirees) was 55.4 years.
- Half a million people intend to retire within 5 years.
- Average age people intend to retire is 65.5 years.
- Pension was the main income source for most retirees.
Labour Account Australia, Experimental Estimates
- Over the six years to June 2016, filled jobs grew by 6.9%.
- Over the same period, the number of employed persons increased by 6.8%.
- Over the six years to June 2016, hours actually worked increased by 5.7%.
- Total labour income increased over the six years to June 2016 by 21.5%.