Number of employees (EMPP)
This variable records the number of employees (in ranges) employed by owner managers (excluding the owner managers themselves).
Persons aged 15 years and over, who are owner managers of incorporated or unincorporated enterprises
|3||20 or more employees|
Number of categories: 6
Not applicable (@) category comprises:
- Contributing family workers
- Unemployed persons
- Persons not in the labour force
- Persons with Labour Force Status (LFSP) not stated
- Persons with Status in Employment (SIEMP) not stated
- Persons aged under 15 years
See Understanding supplementary codes for more information.
Question(s) from the Census form
Does the person’s business employ people?
How this variable is created
This variable is created based on the response to the question of whether the respondent’s business employs people. In cases where more than one response is marked, the responses are accepted in the order they appear on the form and the extra responses are deleted.
History and changes
The question relating to number of employees was first asked in the 2006 Census and has been asked in each Census since then.
For the 2016 Census a change was made to the question to indicate that the owner should exclude themselves from the count of people they employ. Also, in 2016, the number of employees question was asked for the first time on the Interviewer Household Form. This form type is primarily used in discrete Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities across Australia.
No changes have been made for 2021.
Data use considerations
The number of employees employed in a business is used to help understand:
- Whether the business employs people who are not owners.
- The nature of self-employment (whether working on own account, or as an employer).
- The characteristics of small business owners.