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Public/private sector (GNGP)

Census of Population and Housing: Census dictionary
Reference period
2021

Definition

This variable classifies employed people according to whether they are employed in the government (public) or non-government (private) sector. The public sector is further broken down into National, State and Territory or Local Government.

Scope

Employed persons 15 years of age and over

Categories

CodeCategory

1

National Government

2

State/Territory Government

3

Local Government

4

Private Sector

&

Not stated

@

Not applicable

V

Overseas visitor

Number of categories:  7

Not applicable (@) category comprises:

  • Unemployed persons, looking for either full-time or part-time work
  • Persons not in the labour force
  • Persons with Labour Force Status (LFSP), not stated
  • Persons aged under 15 years       

Question(s) from the Census form

For the main job held last week, what was the employer’s business name?

    For the main job held last week, what was the employer’s business name?
    For the main job held last week, what was the business's name?

    For self-employed persons, provide the name of the Person's business.

    For teachers, provide the name of the school.

    Business name

    What best describes the industry or business of the employer at the location where the person works?

      What best describes the industry or business of the employer at the location where the person works?
      What best describes the industry or business of the employer at the location where Person 1 works?

      Examples for industry or business of the employer: Secondary school education, Gold mining, IT consulting service, Domestic cleaning services, Apartment construction.

      More information

      Industry or business

        Example

        Public/private sector example - Health

        Example

        What best describes the industry or business of the employer at the location where Person 1 works?

        Examples for industry or business of the employer: Secondary school education, Gold mining, IT consulting service, Domestic cleaning services, Apartment construction.

        More information

        Industry or business

        Health

          Example

          Public/private sector example - Health extended

          Example

          What type of health service does Person 1's employer operate?

          Type of business

          Hospital (except psychiatric hospitals)

          Psychiatric hospital

          Nursing home

          General practice

          Dentistry practice

          Optometry practice

          Physiotherapy practice

          Ambulance service

          Pathology or diagnostic imaging service

          Federal government administration

          State government administration

          Retail pharmacy

          Pharmaceuticals wholesaling

          Pharmaceuticals manufacturing

          Medical equipment wholesaling

          Other (please specify)

          What are the main goods produced or main services provided by the employer’s business?

            What are the main goods produced or main services provided by the employer’s business?
            What are the main goods produced or main services provided by the employer's business?

            Describe as fully as possible, using two words or more.

            For example: Providing education to secondary school students, Mining gold ore, Providing information technology advice, House cleaning, Construction of residential buildings.

            More information

            Goods produced/services provided

              More information

              Additional information relating to the question on: What are the main goods produced or main services provided by the employer’s business?

              More information

              What are the main goods produced or main services provided by the employer's business?

              Describe as fully as possible, using two words or more.

              For example: Providing education to secondary school students, Mining gold ore, Providing information technology advice, House cleaning, Construction of residential buildings.

              More information

              For self-employed persons, please describe the main goods and services provided by their business.

              For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?

                For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?
                For the main job held last week, what was Person 1's workplace address?

                For people who work from home for an employer, write the employer's workplace address.

                For people with no fixed place of work:

                if the person usually travels to a depot to start work, provide the depot address

                otherwise enter ‘None’ in the ‘Suburb/Locality’ box.

                This information is used to calculate daytime populations and to plan transport activities.

                More information

                Street number

                Street name (examples: Graham Avenue, George Street)

                Suburb/Locality

                State/Territory

                Postcode

                Property/Building name (if any)

                  More information

                  Additional information relating to the question on: For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?

                  More information

                  For the main job held last week, what was Person 1's workplace address?

                  For people who work from home for an employer, write the employer's workplace address.

                  For people with no fixed place of work:

                  if the person usually travels to a depot to start work, provide the depot address

                  otherwise enter ‘None’ in the ‘Suburb/Locality’ box.

                  This information is used to calculate daytime populations and to plan transport activities.

                  More information

                  If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

                  Include the name of the building or property where the person works, if known.

                  For Norfolk Island and other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

                  For people currently working from home due to lockdown or other COVID-related reasons, write the employer's workplace address.

                  How this variable is created

                  Data for this variable is captured automatically from written responses to Labour Force questions on the Census form. The employer's business name and the workplace address of the employed person is used to classify employed persons into the public or private sector. If the person's employment cannot be determined as public sector, responses are coded to private sector as the default code.

                  History and changes

                  Questions on what industry people are employed in has been asked in all Censuses since 1911. A separate variable to classify the sector as public or private was first provided for the 1971 Census.

                  Over time, the name of this variable has changed, but the meaning and the purpose of the question has remained the same:

                  • 1971: Industry Sector (GOVT)
                  • 1976 – 2006: Industry Sector (GNGP) - noting that in 1996-2001 a category for Community Development Employment Program was included
                  • 2011-2021: Public/Private Employer Indicator (GNGP)

                  No changes have been made for 2021.

                  Data use considerations

                  There are no data use considerations for this variable.

                  Related variables and glossary terms