People and communities
Cultural diversity: Census
- 27.6 per cent of the population were born overseas.
- 61,860 international visitors were in Australia during the Census collection period.
- Top 5 languages used at home, other than English, were Mandarin (2.7 per cent), Arabic (1.4 per cent), Vietnamese (1.3 per cent), Cantonese (1.2 per cent) and Punjabi (0.9 per cent).
- Top 5 ancestries were English (33.0 per cent), Australian (29.9 per cent), Irish (9.5 per cent), Scottish (8.6 per cent) and Chinese (5.5 per cent).
- Top 5 religious affiliations were No religion (38.9 per cent), Catholic (20 per cent), Anglican (9.8 per cent), Islam (3.2 per cent) and Hinduism (2.7 per cent).
- New South Wales is home to 31.8 per cent of the national population.
- The Australian Capital Territory had the largest population growth with a 14 per cent increase since 2016.
- Western Australia has a highly urbanised population with almost 80 per cent based in the capital city.
- 9.8 million people (40.7 per cent) moved address since 2016.
- 3.8 million people (15.0 per cent) moved in the year before the 2021 Census.
Service with the Australian Defence Force: Census
- More than half a million Australians (581,139) have served, or are currently serving, in the ADF.
- There are 84,865 current serving members and 496,276 former serving members.
- One in twenty (5.3 per cent) of Australian households reported at least one person who had served or is serving in the ADF.
- 3,159 (3.7 per cent) of currently serving Australian Defence Force members, and 11,610 (2.3 per cent) of previously served, identify as having Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin.
Household Impacts of COVID-19 Survey
- Around one in four Australians (27%) reported a household member had experienced cold, flu or COVID-19 symptoms in the past 4 weeks (down from 36% in August 2022).
- Fewer Australians reported a household member had a COVID-19 test in the past four weeks (32% compared to 43% in August 2022).
- Of those testing for COVID-19, fewer reported a positive result in September 2022 (13% down from 22% in August 2022).
Unpaid work and care: Census
- 2,476,681 people provided unpaid assistance to others with a disability, long-term health condition or due to old age.
- 2,933,646 Australians were doing unpaid voluntary work. This is a 19 per cent decrease from 2016.
- 27 per cent of both males and females undertake between 5 to 14 hours of unpaid domestic work per week.
How Australians Use Their Time
- Females who participated in unpaid work activities spent on average 4 hours 31 minutes a day, while males spent 3 hours 12 minutes.
- Of those who participated in employment related activities, males spent an hour more a day than females (8 hours 13 minutes compared to 7 hours 12 minutes).
- Female parents who participated in child care, spent 3 hours 34 minutes while male parents spent 2 hours 19 minutes.
2020-21 financial year
Household and families: Census
- There were 5.5 million (5,552,973) couple families and one million (1,068,268) lone parents.
- There were 2.6 million (2,608,834) couples without children.
- Nearly 25,000 same sex marriages (23,914) were counted in the 2021 Census.
8,747,135 people were married, 2,168,351 people were in a de facto relationship and 7,863,327 people were not married.
Personal Income of Migrants, Australia
- Migrant taxpayers generated $112 billion in total personal income.
- About 91% of total income was employee income ($102 billion).
- Over half (61%) of migrant taxpayers held a skilled visa.
- Skilled migrants generated 72% of the total income earned by migrants.
2016-17 financial year
Attendance at Selected Cultural Venues and Events, Australia
- 82.4% of those aged 15 and over went to at least one cultural venue or event;
- while 66.8% went to a cinema or drive-in at least once.
- 94.3% of children aged 5-14 attended at least one cultural venue or event;
- while 87.7% went to a cinema or drive-in at least once.
2017-18 financial year
Insights from the Australian Census and Temporary Entrants Integrated Dataset
- On Census Night 2016, there were 1,635,503 temporary entrants.
- Of the 1.5 million temporary residents, over half were male (53%).
- 81% of temporary residents lived in capital cities.
- 68% of temporary residents aged 15 and over were in the labour force.