Type of non-private dwelling (NPDD)
This variable classifies the Type of non-private dwelling in which people were counted on Census Night. Non-private dwellings (NPDs) are establishments which provide a communal and often short-term type of accommodation.
'Other and non-classifiable' includes all other types of NPDs not listed, including ski lodges and youth or backpacker hostels.
|01||Hotel, motel, bed and breakfast|
|04||Boarding house, private hotel|
|06||Residential college, hall of residence|
|07||Public hospital (not psychiatric)|
|08||Private hospital (not psychiatric)|
|09||Psychiatric hospital or institution|
|10||Hostel for the disabled|
|12||Accommodation for the retired or aged (not self-contained)|
|13||Hostel for homeless, night shelter, refuge|
|14||Child care institution|
|15||Corrective institution for children|
|16||Other welfare institution|
|17||Prison, corrective institution for adults|
|18||Immigration detention centre|
|19||Convent, monastery, etc|
|20||Other and non-classifiable|
Number of categories: 22
Not applicable (@@) category comprises:
- Occupied and unoccupied private dwellings
- Migratory, off-shore and shipping SA1s
Question(s) from the Census form
This variable is not collected from a question on the Census form.
How this variable is created
The types of Non-private dwelling is sourced from the ABS Address Register. For information on how the Address Register is maintained, refer to ABS Address Register, Users' Guide.
It is reviewed by Census enumeration management staff prior to Census Night and verified by Census Field Officers after calls or visits to the establishments. Non-private dwellings can also be created or have their details modified throughout this time.
History and changes
Information on the types of Non-private dwellings that people are located in on Census Night has been collected in every Census since 1911.
Since the 2006 Census, additional response options were introduced to identify immigration detention centres, youth or backpacker hostels and ski lodges.
Since 2016, NPD type is sourced from the ABS Address Register and is updated as needed from information collected by ABS field officers during enumeration.
The output categories for this classification were unchanged for 2021.
Data use considerations
Hotels (01) and private hotels (04) are categorised differently within Type of non-private dwelling (NPDD). This is mainly because of differences in length of residency, service provision, and how the hotel or private hotel classifies itself.
‘Accommodation for the retired or aged (not self-contained)’ (12) is accommodation where meals are provided.
Self-contained retirement villages where the residents live independently are not classified as Non-private dwellings. These are Occupied private dwellings and can be identified by the variable Dwelling location (DLOD).
'Other welfare institutions' (16) have increased in 2021. Address lists are sourced from state and territory governments and non-government organisations to identify accommodation for the homeless. These lists were more comprehensive in the 2021 Census than in previous censuses.
The 2021 Census also requested tenure information from these list providers so that addresses could be more accurately classified as 'Hostels for the homeless' (13) or 'Other welfare institutions' (16). Short-term accommodation was coded as 'Hostels for the homeless' (13) while medium-term accommodation/transitional housing and long-term accommodation was coded as 'Other welfare institutions' (16).
The coding is based on the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) definition of Supported accommodation type that also informs the Supported Accommodation flag that indicates homelessness.
Type of non-private dwelling (NPDD) does not have a non-response rate as it is sourced from the ABS Address Register.
Related variables and glossary terms
- Dwelling location (DLOD)
- Dwelling type (DWTD)
- Boarding school student