Number of bedrooms in private dwelling (ranges) (BEDRD)
This variable records the number of bedrooms in each occupied private dwelling in ranges. A private dwelling is defined in Dwelling structure (STRD) and can include caravans in caravan parks, occupied tents, and houseboats. In standard Census products (Quickstats, Community Profiles) number of bedrooms data is generally published in ranges.
Number of bedrooms is also available as a single count of all bedrooms (BEDD).
Occupied private dwellings
None (includes studio apartments or bedsitters)
Six bedrooms or more
Number of categories: 9
Not applicable (@) category comprises:
- Unoccupied private dwellings
- Non-private dwellings
- Migratory, off-shore and shipping SA1s
Question(s) from the Census form
How many bedrooms are there in this dwelling?
How this variable is created
This variable is created based on responses given for the Number of bedrooms question on the Census form. The responses are captured automatically from written numeric responses, or from the 'None' mark box on the paper form.
The Number of bedrooms in private dwelling (ranges) (BEDRD) variable groups responses to this question. Responses from 0 to 5 are reported singly while responses for 6 or more bedrooms are coded into the grouped category of '6 or more bedrooms'.
History and changes
A question on the number of rooms/bedrooms has been included in every Australian Census since 1911. However, the question relating to number of bedrooms in a private dwelling was first asked in the 1976 Census.
The 1986 Census form asked householders to indicate the numbers of various room types within the dwelling. Only the number of bedrooms was retained in the computer record. The 1991 and 1996 Censuses collected data on the number of bedrooms only.
Since the 2001 Census, respondents have been asked to write in the number of bedrooms in their dwelling rather than mark a response category. An additional 'None' mark box was added to the paper form in 2006.
In 2021, the category has been reworded from ‘None (includes bedsitters)’ to ‘None (includes studio apartments or bedsitters)’.
Data use considerations
Number of bedrooms data is commonly used to provide an indication of:
- Dwelling size
- Overcrowding by calculating occupancy ratios (i.e. the number of people per room/bedroom).
When calculating occupancy ratios, it is preferable to use the number of people usually resident in the home, rather than the number of people present in the household on Census night. This data can be used with Dwelling structure (STRD) and Dwelling location (DLOD) to provide more context to the number of bedrooms.