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Landlord type (LLDD)

Census of Population and Housing: Census dictionary
Reference period
2021

Definition

This variable records the landlord type of rented dwellings. It applies to all occupied private dwellings that are being rented, including being occupied rent free. A private dwelling is defined in Dwelling structure (STRD) and can include caravans in caravan parks, occupied tents, and houseboats.

Rented dwellings are classified in Tenure type (TEND).

Scope

Occupied private dwellings being rented (including being occupied rent free)

CodeCategory

10

Real estate agent

20

State or territory housing authority

21

Community housing provider

31

Person not in the same household - parent/other relative

32

Person not in the same household - other person

40

Owner/Manager of a residential park (includes caravan parks and manufactured home estates)

51

Employer – Government (includes Defence Housing Australia)

52

Employer – other employer

&&

Not stated

@@

Not applicable

Number of categories:  10

Not applicable (@@) category comprises:

  • Occupied private dwellings with Tenure type (TEND) of owned outright, owned with a mortgage, purchased under a shared equity scheme, occupied under a life tenure scheme, other and not stated
  • Unoccupied private dwellings
  • Non-private dwellings
  • Migratory, off-shore and shipping SA1s

Question(s) from the Census form

Is this dwelling: (please open this section to view response categories)

    Is this dwelling:
    Is the dwelling at 1 Smith Street:

    Include owners of caravans, manufactured homes or houseboats in ‘Owned with a mortgage’ or ‘Owned outright’ regardless of whether or not the site is owned.

    A shared equity scheme is a government or not-for-profit scheme - assisting people on lower incomes to buy a home by sharing up to 30% of the ownership.

    Life tenure schemes are a common arrangement in retirement villages. Include leaseholds, and loan and license agreements in ‘Occupied under a life tenure scheme’.

    • Dwelling ownership
    • Owned outright
    • Owned with a mortgage
    • Purchased under a shared equity scheme
    • Rented
    • Occupied rent free
    • Occupied under a life tenure scheme
    • Other

      Example

      Landlord type example - owned outright response selected

      Example

      Is the dwelling at 1 Smith Street:

      Include owners of caravans, manufactured homes or houseboats in ‘Owned with a mortgage’ or ‘Owned outright’ regardless of whether or not the site is owned.

      A shared equity scheme is a government or not-for-profit scheme - assisting people on lower incomes to buy a home by sharing up to 30% of the ownership.

      Life tenure schemes are a common arrangement in retirement villages. Include leaseholds, and loan and license agreements in ‘Occupied under a life tenure scheme’.

      Dwelling ownership

      Owned outright (selected response)

      Owned with a mortgage

      Purchased under a shared equity scheme

      Rented

      Occupied rent free

      Occupied under a life tenure scheme

      Other

      Rent arrangements

      These questions do not apply, based on your answer to the previous question.

        Example

        Landlord type example - rent free response selected

        Example

        Is the dwelling at 1 Smith Street:

        Include owners of caravans, manufactured homes or houseboats in ‘Owned with a mortgage’ or ‘Owned outright’ regardless of whether or not the site is owned.

        A shared equity scheme is a government or not-for-profit scheme - assisting people on lower incomes to buy a home by sharing up to 30% of the ownership.

        Life tenure schemes are a common arrangement in retirement villages. Include leaseholds, and loan and license agreements in ‘Occupied under a life tenure scheme’.

        Dwelling ownership

        Owned outright

        Owned with a mortgage

        Purchased under a shared equity scheme

        Rented

        Occupied rent free (selected response)

        Occupied under a life tenure scheme

        Other

          Example

          Landlord type example - rented response selected

          Example

          Is the dwelling at 1 Smith Street:

          Include owners of caravans, manufactured homes or houseboats in ‘Owned with a mortgage’ or ‘Owned outright’ regardless of whether or not the site is owned.

          A shared equity scheme is a government or not-for-profit scheme - assisting people on lower incomes to buy a home by sharing up to 30% of the ownership.

          Life tenure schemes are a common arrangement in retirement villages. Include leaseholds, and loan and license agreements in ‘Occupied under a life tenure scheme’.

          Dwelling ownership

          Owned outright

          Owned with a mortgage

          Purchased under a shared equity scheme

          Rented (selected response)

          Occupied rent free

          Occupied under a life tenure scheme

          Other

          Who is this dwelling being rented from?

            Who is this dwelling being rented from?
            Who is 1 Smith Street rented from?

            For all state/territory specific Government housing authorities, select ‘Government Housing Authority/Housing Department (Public Housing)’.

            Some examples of Government housing authorities are: DCJ Housing (NSW), HousingVic, Department of Housing and Public Works (Qld), Department of Communities (WA), Housing SA, Housing Tasmania, Department of Local Government, Housing and Community Development (NT), Housing ACT, Aboriginal housing authorities.

            Community Housing Providers are not-for-profit organisations that provide affordable rental housing to people on lower incomes. This includes housing co-operatives.

            • Rental type
            • Real estate agent
            • Government Housing Authority/Housing Department (Public Housing)
            • Community housing provider
            • Parent or other relative not in this dwelling
            • Other person not in this dwelling
            • Manager of a residential park (including caravan parks and manufactured home estates)
            • Employer – government (including Defence Housing Australia)
            • Employer – private

            How this variable is created

            This variable is created based on responses from the Tenure type and Landlord type questions on the Census form.

            Only one response can be given for this item. If respondents provide more than one response to this question in error, the first response is used.

            History and changes

            The question about landlord type was first asked in the 1954 Census and has been included in every subsequent Census.

            In 1971, the response categories increased to three: State Housing Authority; Employer; and Other landlord. The number of response categories continued to increase from three (from 1971 until 1991) to 7 (in 1996 and 2001) and then to 8 for subsequent Censuses.

            For 2021, instructional text has been added for the Community housing provider category and the response order changed to place this category closer to the top. Additionally, the following categories have been amended as follows:

            2016

            2021

            Code

            Category

            Code

            Category

            60

            Housing co-operative/community/church group

            21

            Community housing provider

            40

            Residential park

            (includes caravan parks and marinas)

            40

            Owner/manager of a residential park (includes caravan parks and manufactured home estates)

            51

            Employer – Government

            (includes Defence Housing Authority)

            51

            Employer – Government

            (including Defence Housing Australia)

            Data use considerations

            Landlord type allows data to be produced for studies of the socioeconomic characteristics of different tenants. It also allows for comparisons with residents in privately owned accommodation.

            This data can be used with Dwelling structure (STRD) and Dwelling location (DLOD) to provide more context to the Landlord type.

            Related variables and glossary terms

            Other ABS sources