Latest release

Usual address five years ago indicator (UAI5P)

Census of Population and Housing: Census dictionary
Reference period
2021

Definition

This variable indicates whether a person:

  • lived in the same address five years ago as their current usual residence
  • lived elsewhere in Australia five years ago
  • usually lived in another country five years ago

This variable when used with Usual address census night indicator (UAICP), Usual address one year ago indicator (UAI1P), and also with Place of usual residence (PURP) data, shows migration patterns.

Scope

All persons aged five years and over

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Same as in 2021

2

Elsewhere in Australia

3

Overseas in 2016

&

Not stated

@

Not applicable

V

Overseas visitor 2021

Number of categories: 6

Not applicable (@) category comprises:

  • Persons aged under 5 years

Question(s) from the Census form

Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

    Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?
    Where did Person 1 usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

    For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2016, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

    More information

    1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

    Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

    Other country

      Example

      Usual address five years ago indicator example - elsewhere in Australia response selected

      Example

      Where did Person 1 usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

      For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2016, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

      More information

      1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

      Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address) (selected response)

      Fill in the address details
      Apartment/Flat/Unit number (if any)
      Street number
      Street name
      Suburb/Locality
      State/Territory
      Postcode

      Other country

        More Information

        Additional information relating to the question on: Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

        More Information

        Where did Person 1 usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

        For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2016, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

        More information

        If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

        If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

        How this variable is created

        This variable is derived from the response category answer to the question on the 2021 Census forms which asks, 'Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?'. 

        The responses to this question are captured automatically from mark box responses on the form. Where the indicator mark boxes have been left blank by a respondent but they have reported an address five years ago, UAI5P is derived based on the address reported. If the respondent does not report either the indicator or the address, they will be set to 'Not stated'. However, where a person who is aged under 20 years (i.e. they were aged under 15 years five years ago) does not respond to the usual address five years ago question, but their parent(s) did respond, their UAI5P is set to the same value as their parent.

        History and changes

        The question relating to usual address five years ago was first asked in the 1971 Census and has been asked at every Census since then.

        In Censuses prior to 2011, there was a separate category for people who had the same address five years ago as for their address one year ago. This allowed users to differentiate between those people who lived at a different address five years ago and one year ago, compared with those who lived at the same address five years ago and one year ago. While the data is collected and processed in the same way, this information is no longer publicly available as it is merged with 'elsewhere in Australia' prior to release.

        In 2021, the categories with years have been updated to 2021, the previous year of 2020 and 2016 for five years ago. 

        Data use considerations

        There are no data use considerations for this variable.

        Related variables and glossary terms