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Place of usual residence one year ago (PUR1P)

Census of Population and Housing: Census dictionary
Reference period
2021

Definition

This variable records the geographic area in which a person usually lived one year before the Census. The base area that is output is Statistical area level 2. These can be aggregated to form higher Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) areas:

  • Statistical area level 3
  • Statistical area level 4
  • Significant urban area
  • Greater capital city statistical areas
  • State/Territory

For details of these areas refer to the ASGS.

Scope

People aged one year and over

Categories

CodeCategory

 

In addition to the ASGS geographic areas outlined above, the following categories are also included:

9099

Capital city nfd

9299

Overseas

9499

No usual address

9799

Migratory, off-shore and shipping

9899

State/Territory nfd

&&&&

Not stated

@@@@

Not applicable

VVVV

Overseas visitors

Number of categories: Total number of categories will depend on the geographic level chosen

Not applicable (@@@@) category comprises:

  • Persons aged under 1 year

Special purpose code definitions

Special purpose codeDefinition

Capital city nfd

Used to code place of usual residence one and five years ago. Used where a respondent has given incomplete address information on the Census form. But has given enough information to allow coding to a capital city. There is a category for each capital city:

  • Capital city (Greater Sydney) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Melbourne) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Brisbane) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Adelaide) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Perth) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Hobart) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Darwin) nfd
  • Capital city (ACT) nfd

State/Territory nfd

Used to code place of usual residence one and five years ago. Used where a respondent has given incomplete address information on the Census form but has given enough information to allow coding to a state/territory. There is a category for each state/territory:

  • State/Territory nfd (NSW)
  • State/Territory nfd (Vic.)
  • State/Territory nfd (Qld)
  • State/Territory nfd (SA)
  • State/Territory nfd (WA)
  • State/Territory nfd (Tas.)
  • State/Territory nfd (NT)
  • State/Territory nfd (OT)

Migratory

Used to code people who are in transit on long distance trains, buses, aircraft, and long-haul road transport vehicles on Census night.

Off-shore

Used to code people who are on oil rigs and drilling platforms etc. on Census night.  Also used for expeditioners in the Australian Antarctic Territory.

Shipping

Used to code people who are on board vessels in Australian waters, in or between Australian ports on Census night.

No usual address

Used to code people who have no fixed address, such as travellers who move across Australia.

Not applicable

Used to code a person’s place of usual residence one and five years ago, for children who had not been born one or five years ago.

Overseas

Used to code a person’s place of usual residence one and five years ago, for people who lived overseas one and five years ago.

Question(s) from the Census form

Where does the person usually live?

    Where does the person usually live?
    Where does Person 1 usually live?

    For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

    For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

    For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

    For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

    More information

    1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

    Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

    Other country

      More information

      Additional information relating to the question on: Where does the person usually live?

      More information

      Where does Person 1 usually live?

      For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

      For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

      For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

      For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

      More information

      If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

      Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

        Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?
        Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

        For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

        More information

        1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

        Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

        Other country

          Example

          Place of usual residence one year ago example - elsewhere in Australia response selected

          Example

          Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

          For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

          More information

          Person's usual address one year ago

          1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

          Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address) (selected response)

          Fill in the address details
          Apartment/Flat/Unit number (if any)
          Street number
          Street name
          Suburb/Locality
          State/Territory
          Postcode

          Other country

            More information

            Additional information relating to the question on: Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

            More information

            Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

            For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

            More information

            If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

            If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

            How this variable is created

            PUR1P is coded to SA2 geography based on the response to the question, 'Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?'. If PUR1P cannot be coded to SA2 geography, it is assigned to a 'Capital city nfd' category, or a 'State/Territory nfd' category.

            For people whose place of usual residence one year ago was the same as their place of usual residence on Census night, PUR1P is automatically derived from Place of usual residence (PURP). People who lived overseas one year ago are coded to ‘Overseas’. For people who lived elsewhere in Australia one year ago, the address details provided on the form are coded using automatic or clerical processes.

            People who did not answer 'Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?' are coded to ‘Not stated’.

            History and changes

            The question 'Where did the person usually live one year ago?' was first asked in the 1976 Census and has been asked at every Census since.

            In 2021, Geographic classifications have been changed to reflect the updated ASGS used for the 2021 Census. Supplementary code ‘Undefined state’ has been updated to ‘State/Territory nfd’ to better reflect the category.

            Data use considerations

            There are no data use considerations for this variable.

            Related variables and glossary terms