National, state and territory population
- Australia’s population was 25,694,393 people at 31 December 2020.
- The quarterly growth was 6,900 people (0.03%).
- The annual growth was 136,300 people (0.5%).
- 97.6% of annual growth was due to natural increase, and 2.4% was due to net overseas migration.
- People living in the capitals increased by 245,300 (1.4%).
- Capital city growth comprised overseas migration (162,800), natural increase (112,700) and internal migration (-30,200).
- Melbourne had the largest growth (80,100 people), Brisbane had the highest growth rate (1.9%).
- Regional Australia grew by 86,200 (1.1%).
2019-20 financial year
For the year ending 30 June 2020:
- There were over 7.6 million migrants living in Australia
- 29.8% of Australia's population were born overseas
- Australia's population increased by 194,400 people due to net overseas migration
- 368,700 people moved interstate, a decrease of 8.7% from the previous year.
2019-20 financial year
Regional internal migration estimates, provisional
- 104,800 people moved interstate in the three months to the end of December 2020.
- 3,900 less people moved interstate compared with the December 2019 quarter.
- Capital cities had a net loss of 10,600 people from internal migration, compared with a net loss of 3,800 for the December 2019 quarter.
Regional population by age and sex
- The median age for capital cities (36.0 years) was younger than the rest of Australia (41.2).
- The oldest capital was Hobart with a median age of 39.6 years, while Darwin was the youngest (34.3).
- Darwin was the only capital with more males than females.
- The population increased from 4 million in 1901 to 24 million in 2016.
- Australians living in urban areas increased from 60% in 1911 to 90%.
- Fertility fell from 3.1 births per woman in 1921 to 1.8.
- Life expectancy increased by 25 years since the early 1900s.
Household and Family Projections, Australia
- The number of households is projected to increase from 9.2 million in 2016 to between 12.6 and 13.2 million in 2041.
- The number of families is projected to increase from 6.7 million to between 9.2 and 9.4 million.
- Living with a partner is projected to remain the most common living arrangement.
2016 - 2041