Unemployment flag (UEFP)
This variable flags whether a person is unemployed or employed for people who reported they are in the labour force. This variable can be used to calculate the proportion of the labour force that is unemployed, as used in Closing the Gap Target 8 – Strong economic participation and development of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and communities.
All persons aged 15 years and over
Number of categories: 4
Not applicable (@) comprises:
- Persons under 15 years of age
- Persons whose Labour force status (LFSP) was Not stated or Not in the labour force
* Categories marked with an '*' are to be excluded from data extracted for national reporting purposes.
See Understanding supplementary codes for more information.
Question(s) from the Census form
Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?
In the main job held last week, was the person: Working for an employer; Working in own business
This question is only applicable for people aged 15 years and over who responded 'Yes, worked for payment or profit' or 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike, or temporarily stood down' to the previous question, 'Last week, did the person have a job of any kind?'
Last week, how many hours did the person work in all jobs?
Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?
If the person had found a job, could the person have started work last week?
This question is only applicable to people aged 15 years and over who responded 'Yes, looked for full-time work' or 'Yes, looked for part-time work' to the previous question, 'Did the person actively look for work at any time in the last four weeks?'
How this variable is created
Data for this variable is created by making custom categories from Labour force status (LFSP) as shown in the table below:
|Labour force status (LFSP)||Labour force participation flag (LFFP)|
|1 Employed, worked full-time||2 Employed|
|2 Employed, worked part-time||2 Employed|
|3 Employed, away from work||2 Employed|
|4 Unemployed, looking for full-time work||1 Unemployed|
|5 Unemployed, looking for part-time work||1 Unemployed|
|6 Not in the labour force||@ Not applicable*|
|& Not stated||@ Not applicable*|
|@ Not applicable (Persons aged under 15 years)||@ Not applicable*|
|V Overseas visitor||V Overseas visitor*|
History and changes
This variable was first created in 2016. For 2021, 'Overseas visitors' have been separated out from the 'Not applicable' category into a separate category.
Data use considerations
This variable was created for National reporting purposes. Any analyses using this variable that are for other purposes should be done with caution and with reference to the relevant inclusions and exclusions described above.
Categories marked with an '*' are to be excluded from data extracted for national reporting purposes.
Comparing Census with the ABS Labour Force Survey
The Census and Labour Force Survey both collect information about the labour market activity of people aged 15 years and over. While both collections seek to measure the concepts related to employment, unemployment and being outside of the labour force, there are a number of differences between them that should be considered in the use of the data. A summary of the differences between these collections will be available in the 2021 Census and Labour Survey comparison, which is not due for release until 2022. In the meantime, please refer to the previous release, Census of Population and Housing: Understanding the Census and Census Data, Australia, 2016.