Year of arrival in Australia (ranges) (YARRP)

Latest release
Census of Population and Housing: Census dictionary
Reference period


This variable is applicable to persons born overseas and records the year in ranges when they first arrived in Australia to live for one year or more.

See also, Year of Arrival in Australia (YARP).


Persons born overseas who will be in Australia for more than one year


1Arrived 1905 - 1950
2Arrived 1951 - 1960
3Arrived 1961 - 1970
4Arrived 1971 - 1980
5Arrived 1981 - 1990
6Arrived 1991 - 2000
7Arrived 2001 - 2010
8Arrived 2011 - 2020
9Arrived 1 January 2021 - 10 August 2021
&Not stated
@Not applicable
VOverseas visitor

 Number of categories: 12

Not applicable (@) category comprises:

  • Persons who did not state their country of birth
  • Persons born in Australia (includes Other Territories)

See Understanding supplementary codes for more information.

Question(s) from the Census form

In which country was the person born?

In what year did the person first arrive in Australia to live for one year or more?

How this variable is created

The Country of birth of person (BPLP) variable is used to determine if a person was born in Australia or overseas. Australia refers to the geographical Australia defined in the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS).

Data for this variable is captured automatically from written numeric responses, or the 'Will be in Australia less than one year' mark box. High and low values are checked manually to ensure that they match the actual response on the form. A check is made to ensure that a person's stated age is compatible with period of residence.

If a respondent answers they:

  • Usually reside in another country, they are coded to 'Overseas visitor'
  • Were born overseas and usually reside in Australia but will be in Australia for less than one year, they are coded to 'Not stated'
  • Were born in Australia, they are coded to 'Not applicable'.

History and changes

A question on year of arrival in Australia, or length of residence, was first asked in the 1911 Census and has been asked in every Census since.

In censuses prior to 1991, the question was asked in terms of number of completed years of residence in Australia.

In 1996, data was collected in categories ranging from 'Before 1981' to '1996'.

From 2001 onwards, data was collected by single year with valid responses in 2011 being in the range 1895 to 2011. For 2016, data was collected by single year with valid responses in the range 1900 to 2016.

For 2021, the year ranges for Year of arrival (YARRP) have been updated.

Data use considerations

There are no known data use considerations at this time.

This variable is derived from Year of arrival in Australia (YARP). The non-response rate for Year of arrival in Australia (YARP) was 2.4% in 2021. This is a decrease from 3.5% in 2016. Where an applicable person has not provided a year of arrival, but has marked the 'Will be in Australia less than one year' mark box, this response is set to not stated.

Related variables and glossary terms

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