Latest release

Country of birth of person (BPLP)

Census of Population and Housing: Census dictionary
Reference period
2021

Definition

This variable indicates in which country a person was born.

Scope

All persons

Categories

Country of birth of person is coded using the Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC), 2016. The categories are listed in groups below. The full list is available from the Data downloads on this page. 

1 Oceania and Antarctica

 1Oceania and Antarctica
  10Oceania and Antarctica, nfd
   1000Oceania and Antarctica, nfd
  11Australia (includes External Territories)
   1100Australia (includes External Territories), nfd
   1101Australia
   1102Norfolk Island
   1199Australian External Territories, nec
  12New Zealand
   1201New Zealand
  13Melanesia 
   1300Melanesia, nfd
   1301New Caledonia
   1302Papua New Guinea
   1303Solomon Islands
   1304Vanuatu
  14Micronesia
   1400Micronesia, nfd
   1401Guam
   1402Kiribati
   1403Marshall Islands
   1404Micronesia, Federated States of
   1405Nauru
   1406Northern Mariana Islands
   1407Palau
  15Polynesia (excludes Hawaii)
   1500Polynesia (excludes Hawaii), nfd
   1501Cook Islands
   1502Fiji
   1503French Polynesia
   1504Niue
   1505Samoa
   1506Samoa, American
   1507Tokelau
   1508Tonga
   1511Tuvalu
   1512Wallis and Futuna
   1513Pitcairn Islands
   1599Polynesia (excludes Hawaii), nec
  16Antarctica 
   1600Antarctica, nfd
   1601Adelie Land (France)
   1602Argentinian Antarctic Territory
   1603Australian Antarctic Territory
   1604British Antarctic Territory
   1605Chilean Antarctic Territory
   1606Queen Maud Land (Norway)
   1607Ross Dependency (New Zealand)

2 North-West Europe

 2North-West Europe 
  20North-West Europe, nfd
   2000North-West Europe, nfd
  21United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man
   2100United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man, nfd
   2102England
   2103Isle of Man
   2104Northern Ireland
   2105Scotland
   2106Wales
   2107Guernsey
   2108Jersey
  22Ireland 
   2201Ireland
  23Western Europe
   2300Western Europe, nfd
   2301Austria
   2302Belgium
   2303France
   2304Germany
   2305Liechtenstein
   2306Luxembourg
   2307Monaco
   2308Netherlands
   2311Switzerland
  24Northern Europe
   2400Northern Europe, nfd
   2401Denmark
   2402Faroe Islands
   2403Finland
   2404Greenland
   2405Iceland
   2406Norway
   2407Sweden
   2408Aland Islands

3 Southern and Eastern Europe

 3Southern and Eastern Europe
  30Southern and Eastern Europe, nfd
   3000Southern and Eastern Europe, nfd
  31Southern Europe
   3100Southern Europe, nfd
   3101Andorra
   3102Gibraltar
   3103Holy See
   3104Italy
   3105Malta
   3106Portugal
   3107San Marino
   3108Spain
  32South Eastern Europe
   3200South Eastern Europe, nfd
   3201Albania
   3202Bosnia and Herzegovina
   3203Bulgaria
   3204Croatia
   3205Cyprus
   3206North Macedonia
   3207Greece
   3208Moldova
   3211Romania
   3212Slovenia
   3214Montenegro
   3215Serbia
   3216Kosovo
  33Eastern Europe
   3300Eastern Europe, nfd
   3301Belarus
   3302Czechia
   3303Estonia
   3304Hungary
   3305Latvia
   3306Lithuania
   3307Poland
   3308Russian Federation
   3311Slovakia
   3312Ukraine

4 North Africa and the Middle East

 4North Africa and the Middle East
  40North Africa and the Middle East, nfd
   4000North Africa and the Middle East, nfd
  41North Africa
   4100North Africa, nfd
   4101Algeria
   4102Egypt
   4103Libya
   4104Morocco
   4105Sudan
   4106Tunisia
   4107Western Sahara
   4108Spanish North Africa
   4111South Sudan
  42Middle East
   4200Middle East, nfd
   4201Bahrain
   4202Gaza Strip and West Bank
   4203Iran
   4204Iraq
   4205Israel
   4206Jordan
   4207Kuwait
   4208Lebanon
   4211Oman
   4212Qatar
   4213Saudi Arabia
   4214Syria
   4215Turkey
   4216United Arab Emirates
   4217Yemen

5 South-East Asia

 5South-East Asia 
  50South-East Asia, nfd
   5000South-East Asia, nfd
  51Mainland South-East Asia
   5100Mainland South-East Asia, nfd
   5101Myanmar
   5102Cambodia
   5103Laos
   5104Thailand
   5105Vietnam
  52Maritime South-East Asia
   5200Maritime South-East Asia, nfd
   5201Brunei Darussalam
   5202Indonesia
   5203Malaysia
   5204Philippines
   5205Singapore
   5206Timor-Leste

6 North-East Asia

 6North-East Asia 
  60North-East Asia, nfd
   6000North-East Asia, nfd
  61Chinese Asia (includes Mongolia)
   6100Chinese Asia (includes Mongolia), nfd
   6101China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)
   6102Hong Kong (SAR of China)
   6103Macau (SAR of China)
   6104Mongolia
   6105Taiwan
  62Japan and the Koreas
   6200Japan and the Koreas, nfd
   6201Japan
   6202Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North)
   6203Korea, Republic of (South)

7 Southern and Central Asia

 7Southern and Central Asia
  70Southern and Central Asia, nfd
   7000Southern and Central Asia, nfd
  71Southern Asia
   7100Southern Asia, nfd
   7101Bangladesh
   7102Bhutan
   7103India
   7104Maldives
   7105Nepal
   7106Pakistan
   7107Sri Lanka
  72Central Asia
   7200Central Asia, nfd
   7201Afghanistan
   7202Armenia
   7203Azerbaijan
   7204Georgia
   7205Kazakhstan
   7206Kyrgyzstan
   7207Tajikistan
   7208Turkmenistan
   7211Uzbekistan

8 Americas

 8Americas  
  80Americas, nfd
   8000Americas, nfd
  81Northern America
   8100Northern America, nfd
   8101Bermuda
   8102Canada
   8103St Pierre and Miquelon
   8104United States of America
  82South America
   8200South America, nfd
   8201Argentina
   8202Bolivia
   8203Brazil
   8204Chile
   8205Colombia
   8206Ecuador
   8207Falkland Islands
   8208French Guiana
   8211Guyana
   8212Paraguay
   8213Peru
   8214Suriname
   8215Uruguay
   8216Venezuela
   8299South America, nec
  83Central America
   8300Central America, nfd
   8301Belize
   8302Costa Rica
   8303El Salvador
   8304Guatemala
   8305Honduras
   8306Mexico
   8307Nicaragua
   8308Panama
  84Caribbean 
   8400Caribbean, nfd
   8401Anguilla
   8402Antigua and Barbuda
   8403Aruba
   8404Bahamas
   8405Barbados
   8406Cayman Islands
   8407Cuba
   8408Dominica
   8411Dominican Republic
   8412Grenada
   8413Guadeloupe
   8414Haiti
   8415Jamaica
   8416Martinique
   8417Montserrat
   8421Puerto Rico
   8422St Kitts and Nevis
   8423St Lucia
   8424St Vincent and the Grenadines
   8425Trinidad and Tobago
   8426Turks and Caicos Islands
   8427Virgin Islands, British
   8428Virgin Islands, United States
   8431St Barthelemy
   8432St Martin (French part)
   8433Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba
   8434Curacao
   8435Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

9 Sub-Saharan Africa

 9Sub-Saharan Africa 
  90Sub-Saharan Africa, nfd
   9000Sub-Saharan Africa, nfd
  91Central and West Africa
   9100Central and West Africa, nfd
   9101Benin
   9102Burkina Faso
   9103Cameroon
   9104Cabo Verde
   9105Central African Republic
   9106Chad
   9107Congo, Republic of
   9108Congo, Democratic Republic of
   9111Cote d'Ivoire
   9112Equatorial Guinea
   9113Gabon
   9114Gambia
   9115Ghana
   9116Guinea
   9117Guinea-Bissau
   9118Liberia
   9121Mali
   9122Mauritania
   9123Niger
   9124Nigeria
   9125Sao Tome and Principe
   9126Senegal
   9127Sierra Leone
   9128Togo
  92Southern and East Africa
   9200Southern and East Africa, nfd
   9201Angola
   9202Botswana
   9203Burundi
   9204Comoros
   9205Djibouti
   9206Eritrea
   9207Ethiopia
   9208Kenya
   9211Lesotho
   9212Madagascar
   9213Malawi
   9214Mauritius
   9215Mayotte
   9216Mozambique
   9217Namibia
   9218Reunion
   9221Rwanda
   9222St Helena
   9223Seychelles
   9224Somalia
   9225South Africa
   9226Eswatini
   9227Tanzania
   9228Uganda
   9231Zambia
   9232Zimbabwe
   9299Southern and East Africa, nec

Supplementary Codes

0Supplementary codes
 00Supplementary codes
   0000Inadequately described
   0001At sea
&Not stated 
 &&Not stated 
   &&&&Not stated
VOverseas visitor 
 VVOverseas visitor
   VVVVOverseas visitor

Number of categories:

  • One-digit level: 12
  • Two-digit level: 39  
  • Four-digit level: 293

Question(s) from the Census form

In which country was the person born?

    In which country was the person born?
    In which country was Person 1 born?

    The countries listed were the most commonly reported countries of birth in the 2016 Census. For all other countries of birth, please select the 'Other (please specify)' option and enter the name of the country in the box.

    Person's country of birth

    Australia

    England

    New Zealand

    India

    Philippines

    Vietnam

    Italy

    Other (please specify)

      Example

      Example response to: In which country was the person born? England response selected.

      Example

      In which country was Person 1 born?

      The countries listed were the most commonly reported countries of birth in the 2016 Census. For all other countries of birth, please select the 'Other (please specify)' option and enter the name of the country in the box.

      Person's country of birth

      Australia

      England (selected response)

      New Zealand

      India

      Philippines

      Vietnam

      Italy

      Other (please specify)

        Example 2

        Example response to: In which country was the person born? Australia response selected.

        Example 2

        In which country was Person 1 born?

        The countries listed were the most commonly reported countries of birth in the 2016 Census. For all other countries of birth, please select the 'Other (please specify)' option and enter the name of the country in the box.

        Person's country of birth

        Australia (selected response)

        England

        New Zealand

        India

        Philippines

        Vietnam

        Italy

        Other (please specify)

        Arrival in Australia
        This question does not apply, based on your answer to the Country of Birth question.

        How this variable is created

        This variable is created based on the response to the country of birth of person question. Respondents may either use a mark box to indicate the country of birth or write the name of the country in the text field.

        The majority of responses for country of birth of person are captured automatically from the mark box response. Written responses are coded using a combination of automatic reading and coding processes. The remaining responses require manual coding processes when they cannot be coded or derived automatically.

        If a person:

        • uses a former country name, it is coded to the current country name (for example, Siam would be coded to Thailand)
        • has marked Australia and given a text response, the responses are accepted in the order they appear on the form and the extra response is rejected

        In a small number of cases where country of birth is not stated, the category 'Born in Australia' is derived. This occurs when the person's father or mother was counted in the same dwelling and reported that they were born in Australia. If insufficient information was provided to derive a country response category, it remains as ‘Not stated’.

        Country of birth is coded using the SACC. If a response is not listed in the classification, it is coded to 'Inadequately described'.

        History and changes

        This variable was first reported in 1911, and prior to 2006, it was referred to as 'Birthplace' rather than 'Country of birth'.

        For 2021, the order of the response categories has been updated to reflect the most common answers from the 2016 Census:

        • ‘Philippines’ moved from 7th to 5th position
        • ‘Italy’ moved from 5th to 7th position.

        Although China is a country in which a large proportion of Australia's population were born, China does not have a response category on the form. This is to allow people to write in:

        • China
        • Hong Kong
        • Macau, or
        • Taiwan.

        There have been changes to the SACC for 2021:

        • 3302 'Czech Republic' has been changed to 'Czechia'
        • 9226 'Swaziland' has been changed to 'Eswatini'
        • 3206 'Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia' has been changed to 'North Macedonia'
        • 2402 spelling of 'Faeroe Islands' has been changed to 'Faroe Islands'.

        Data use considerations

        The measurement of the ethnic and cultural diversity of the Australian population, and the degree to which Australians retain their ethnic and cultural identity, is primarily based on the use of a number of Census variables related to a person's origin, including:

        • Ancestry multi response (ANCP)
        • Language used at home (LANP)
        • Religious affiliation (RELP)

        Related variables and glossary terms

        Data downloads

        Country of birth of person classification