Relationship as reported for couples (RLCP)
This variable records the partner relationship as it is reported for all couples in an occupied dwelling. It shows the number of people who reported their relationship as being 'husband, wife or partner', or 'de facto partners'.
Persons in Couple families
Husband, wife or partner as reported, opposite-sex couple
De facto partner as reported, opposite-sex couple
Husband, wife or partner as reported, same-sex couple
De facto partner as reported, same-sex couple
Number of categories: 6
Not applicable (@) category comprises:
- Lone Parent and Other Families
- Persons in Non-family/Non-classifiable households
- Persons in Non-private dwellings
- Persons in migratory, off-shore or shipping SA1s
Question(s) from the Census form
Is the person: Male, Female, Non-binary sex
What is the person’s relationship to Person 1/Person 2?
How this variable is created
Data on the relationships people have with others in the same dwelling, including husband/wife or de facto partner, is derived from the Relationship in household and Sex questions on the Census form.
History and changes
This variable was introduced in 2011.
In December 2017, amendments to the Marriage Act 1961 came into effect enabling equality for all couples. The amendments removed references to sex or gender and redefined marriage as 'the union of two people to the exclusion of all others'. Registered marriages reported in Census data releases will include same-sex couples and opposite sex couples only.
In 2021, no changes have been made to the question. However, due to the amendments in 2017, more couples will be able to identify as being in registered marriages.
Data use considerations
Due to the amendments in 2017 to the Marriage Act 1961, more couples may identify in category 3 ‘Husband, wife or partner as reported, same-sex couple’ resulting in higher figures to previous Censuses. Conversely, category 4 will decrease.
For this derivation, the binary sex variable (SEXP) is used. Where a respondent has answered the sex question with ‘non-binary sex’ and provided a male or female response, the male or female response will be used to determine the binary sex variable. Otherwise, SEXP will be derived by statistical process using random allocation.