Latest release

Parent indicator (FPIP)

Census of Population and Housing: Census dictionary
Reference period
2021

Definition

This variable records the usually resident parent in a family household. It identifies parents of children in family households, provided the parent and child were counted in the same family, or were reported as temporarily absent on Census night.

Scope

Parents present in the household on Census night

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Male parent

2

Female parent

@

Not applicable

V

Overseas visitor

Number of categories: 4

Not applicable (@) category comprises:

  • Other families
  • Non-family/non-classifiable households
  • Group household member
  • Lone person
  • Other non-classifiable relationship
  • Unoccupied private dwellings
  • Non-private dwellings
  • Migratory, off-shore and shipping SA1s
  • Visitor (from within Australia)
  • Overseas visitor

Question(s) from the Census form

Is the person: Male, Female, Non-binary sex

    Is the person: Male, Female
    Is Person 1:

    If these options do not describe the person, they can Select something other than male or female.

    Male

    Female

    What is the person’s relationship to Person 1/Person 2?

      What is Person 2's relationship to Person 1?
      What is Person 2's relationship to Person 1?

      Examples of other relationships: Son-in-law, Grand-daughter, Uncle, Boarder.

      More information

      Husband or wife of Person 1

      De facto partner of Person 1

      Child of Person 1

      Stepchild of Person 1

      Brother or sister of Person 1

      Unrelated flatmate or co-tenant of Person 1

      Other relationship to Person 1 (please specify)

        More information

        Additional information relating to the question on: What is Person 2's relationship to Person 1?

        More information

        What is Person 2's relationship to Person 1?

        Examples of other relationships: Son-in-law, Grand-daughter, Uncle, Boarder.

        More information

        If more than one response applies, select only the option that shows the relationship that most closely applies.

        How this variable is created

        This variable is derived from the sex and relationship in household questions on the Census form.

        This variable identifies parents of children in family households, provided the parent and child were counted in the same family on Census night, or reported as 'Person temporarily absent' (PTA) on Census night.

        Parents are counted if there are:

        • dependent children aged under 15 years
        • dependent students aged 15–24 years
        • non-dependent children present in the family.

        Children under 15 years of age are allocated a 'nominal parent' if their parent/s are not present in the household on Census night, or if the parent/s were not reported as temporarily absent. 'Nominal parents' can be the child's sibling, grandparent, aunt/uncle or other related individuals. Only dependent grandchildren-grandparent relationships are counted. Non-dependent grandchildren are excluded.

        History and changes

        This variable is new for 2021.

        Data use considerations

        Parents of children or students reported in Census data releases will include same-sex parents and opposite sex parents.

        Related variables and glossary terms

        Other ABS sources