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Type of educational institution attending (TYPP)

Census of Population and Housing: Census dictionary
Reference period
2021

Definition

This variable records the type of education institution being attended by people who are full-time or part-time students. The category covers preschool through to tertiary institutions. Information on whether a person is attending an education institution is essential for education and labour market planning. It is also used to identify dependent children in family coding.

Scope

Persons attending an education institution

Categories

CodeCategory

10

Preschool

21

Primary - Government

22

Primary - Catholic

23

Primary - other non-Government

29

Primary – not further defined

31

Secondary - Government

32

Secondary - Catholic

33

Secondary - other non-Government

39

Secondary – not further defined

41

Tertiary - vocational education (including TAFE and private training providers)

42

Tertiary – university or other higher education

49

Tertiary – not further defined

60

Other

&&

Not stated

@@

Not applicable

VV

Overseas visitor

Number of categories: 16

Not applicable (@@) category comprises:

  • Persons not attending an education institution

Question(s) from the Census form

On the online form the type of education institution attending question is split into two parts. When a respondent selects either 'Primary', 'Secondary' or 'Tertiary institution' they are presented with a second question to described the education institution in more detail. 

What type of education institution is the person attending?

    What type of education institution is the person attending?
    What type of education institution is Person 1 attending?

    Include secondary colleges and senior high schools under ‘Secondary school’.

    For external, online or correspondence students, mark the type of institution in which they are enrolled.

    More information

    Person's type of education institution

    Preschool

    Primary school

    Secondary school

    Tertiary institution (e.g. University and vocational education and training, including TAFE and private training providers)

    Other education institution

      More information

      Additional information relating to the question on: What type of education institution is the person attending?

      More information

      What type of education institution is Person 1 attending?

      Include secondary colleges and senior high schools under ‘Secondary school’.

      For external, online or correspondence students, mark the type of institution in which they are enrolled.

      More information

      Select 'Preschool' for a child who attends an early childhood education program. This may be conducted in conjunction with a centre based day care provider.

      Preschool is a structured, play based learning program, primarily aimed at children in the year or two before they commence full-time schooling.

      For students attending a combined primary and secondary school (e.g. K-12 school), report the level of schooling based on the year level they are currently attending.

      For a person currently studying at home because of lockdowns or other COVID-related reasons, select the type of education institution the person usually attends or is enrolled in.

        Question when respondents select 'Primary school'

        Type of educational institution attending example - Primary school, response selected

        Question when respondents select 'Primary school'

        What type of primary school is Person 1 attending?

        More information

        Person's primary school type

        Government

        Catholic

        Other non-government

          More information - Primary school

          Additional information relating to the question on: What type of education institution is the person attending? Primary school response selected

          More information - Primary school

          What type of primary school is Person 1 attending?

          More information

          ‘Other non-government’ are independent education institutions, including Anglican schools and other schools which have associations with religious or secular bodies, or are entirely independent.

            Question when respondents select 'Secondary school'

            Type of educational institution attending example - Secondary school response selected

            Question when respondents select 'Secondary school'

            What type of secondary school is Person 1 attending?

            More information

            Person's secondary school type

            Government

            Catholic

            Other non-government

              More information - Secondary school

              Additional information relating to the question on: What type of education institution is the person attending? Secondary response selected

              More information - Secondary school

              What type of secondary school is Person 1 attending?

              More information

              ‘Other non-government’ are independent education institutions, including Anglican schools and other schools which have associations with religious or secular bodies, or are entirely independent.

                Question when respondents select 'Tertiary institution'

                Type of educational institution attending example - Tertiary response selected

                Question when respondents select 'Tertiary institution'

                What type of tertiary education institution is Person 1 attending?

                Person's tertiary institution type

                Vocational education and training (including TAFE and private training providers)

                University or other higher education

                How this variable is created

                This variable is collected from a mark box response to a question on the Census form. Respondents are asked to mark only one response. In cases where respondents mark more than one response, they are accepted in the order they appear on the form and the extra responses are rejected.

                History and changes

                Questions relating to current education institution were first asked in the 1911 Census and have been asked at most Censuses since then, though the amount of detail asked has varied.

                In 2021, output categories have been changed to reflect the question wording changes:

                • 'Infants' has been removed from the Primary categories
                • 'Technical or Further Educational Institution (including TAFE Colleges)' has been changed to 'Tertiary - Vocational education (including TAFE and private training providers)'
                • 'University or other Tertiary Institution' has been changed to 'Tertiary - University or other higher education'

                Primary, secondary and tertiary not further defined fields have been added (categories 29, 39, 49) as this question is in two parts on the online form. The not further defined fields will get populated when a person only answers if they are attending an institution but does not specify the type, e.g. Catholic.

                To further emphasise attendance at preschool, the question relating to attendance at a school or an education institution has changed on the online form. For people in the household aged six and under, the question asks, ‘Is the person attending a preschool, school or other education institution?’.

                For 2021, a question instruction was added to the online form to provide guidance to people in COVID affected areas on Census day. Additional instructions were also added to the Census website – see Data use considerations for more details.

                Data use considerations

                Lockdown

                A number of regions across the country were in various stages of COVID lockdown on Census day, and the week preceding it, resulting in a greater number of students being educated from home. Guidance on how to correctly respond was provided at the time on the Census website, as follows: 

                'If you or your child are currently learning from home due to COVID restrictions, please answer the questions reflecting the school or other educational institution you or your child would normally attend.'

                Preschool

                Users of the data on preschool attendance should be aware that some children who are in childcare may be included in the preschool figures. This has been identified as a problem with interpretation of categories by respondents. See the History and changes section for new instructions for 2021 to help resolve this misunderstanding.

                Related variables and glossary terms

                • Full-time/part-time student status (STUP)
                • Educational institution: attendee status (TYSTAP)
                • Attainment of Certificate III or higher or working towards a non-school qualification (C3SP)
                • People with or working towards a non-school qualification (WTNSQP)
                • Derivations and imputations

                Other ABS sources