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Non-school qualification: field of study (QALFP)

Census of Population and Housing: Census dictionary
Reference period
2021

Definition

This variable describes the field of study of a person’s highest completed non-school qualification. Qualifications data is used to:

  • help build a picture of the different non-school qualifications undertaken in Australia and how this has changed over time
  • assess the skill level of the labour force, and potential labour force
  • understand the characteristics of Australia’s workforce when compared with occupation and industry of employment.

Scope

Persons aged 15 years and over who stated a completed qualification

Categories

Non-school qualification: field of study (QALFP) is coded using the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001. The categories are listed in groups below. The full list is available from the Data downloads on this page.

01 Natural and Physical Sciences

 01 Natural and Physical Sciences
  0100Natural and Physical Sciences, nfd
   010000Natural and Physical Sciences, nfd
  0101Mathematical Sciences
   010100Mathematical Sciences, nfd
   010101Mathematics
   010103 Statistics
   010199Mathematical Sciences, nec
  0103Physics and Astronomy
   010300Physics and Astronomy, nfd
   010301Physics
   010303 Astronomy
  0105Chemical Sciences
   010500Chemical Sciences, nfd
   010501 Organic Chemistry
   010503Inorganic Chemistry
   010599Chemical Sciences, nec
  0107Earth Sciences 
   010700Earth Sciences, nfd
   010701Atmospheric Sciences
   010703Geology
   010705Geophysics
   010707Geochemistry
   010709Soil Science
   010711Hydrology
   010713Oceanography
   010799Earth Sciences, nec
  0109Biological Sciences
   010900Biological Sciences, nfd
   010901Biochemistry and Cell Biology
   010903Botany
   010905Ecology and Evolution
   010907Marine Science
   010909Genetics
   010911Microbiology
   010913Human Biology
   010915Zoology
   010999Biological Sciences, nec
  0199Other Natural and Physical Sciences
   019900 Other Natural and Physical Sciences, nfd
   019901 Medical Science
   019903 Forensic Science
   019905 Food Science and Biotechnology
   019907Pharmacology
   019909 Laboratory Technology
   019999 Natural and Physical Sciences, nec

02 Information Technology

 02 Information Technology 
  0200Information Technology, nfd
   020000 Information Technology, nfd
  0201 Computer Science
   020100 Computer Science, nfd
   020101 Formal Language Theory
   020103Programming
   020105Computational Theory
   020107Compiler Construction
   020109Algorithms
   020111 Data Structures
   020113Networks and Communications
   020115 Computer Graphics
   020117Operating Systems
   020119Artificial Intelligence
   020199 Computer Science, nec
  0203Information Systems
   020300 Information Systems, nfd
   020301Conceptual Modelling
   020303Database Management
   020305Systems Analysis and Design
   020307Decision Support Systems
   020399Information Systems, nec
  0299Other Information Technology
   029900Other Information Technology, nfd
   029901Security Science
   029999Information Technology, nec

03 Engineering and Related Technologies

 03Engineering and Related Technologies
  0300 Engineering and Related Technologies, nfd
   030000Engineering and Related Technologies, nfd
  0301 Manufacturing Engineering and Technology
   030100 Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, nfd
   030101Manufacturing Engineering
   030103Printing
   030105 Textile Making
   030107Garment Making
   030109 Footwear Making
   030111 Wood Machining and Turning
   030113Cabinet Making
   030115Furniture Upholstery and Renovation
   030117 Furniture Polishing
   030199 Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, nec
  0303 Process and Resources Engineering
   030300 Process and Resources Engineering, nfd
   030301 Chemical Engineering
   030303 Mining Engineering
   030305 Materials Engineering
   030307 Food Processing Technology
   030399 Process and Resources Engineering, nec
  0305 Automotive Engineering and Technology
   030500 Automotive Engineering and Technology, nfd
   030501 Automotive Engineering
   030503 Vehicle Mechanics
   030505 Automotive Electrics and Electronics
   030507Automotive Vehicle Refinishing
   030509Automotive Body Construction
   030511 Panel Beating
   030513 Upholstery and Vehicle Trimming
   030515 Automotive Vehicle Operations
   030599Automotive Engineering and Technology, nec
  0307Mechanical and Industrial Engineering and Technology
   030700Mechanical and Industrial Engineering and Technology, nfd
   030701Mechanical Engineering
   030703 Industrial Engineering
   030705Toolmaking
   030707 Metal Fitting, Turning and Machining
   030709Sheetmetal Working
   030711Boilermaking and Welding
   030713Metal Casting and Patternmaking
   030715Precision Metalworking
   030717Plant and Machine Operations
   030799 Mechanical and Industrial Engineering and Technology, nec
  0309 Civil Engineering
   030900Civil Engineering, nfd
   030901Construction Engineering
   030903 Structural Engineering
   030905 Building Services Engineering
   030907 Water and Sanitary Engineering
   030909Transport Engineering
   030911 Geotechnical Engineering
   030913Ocean Engineering
   030999Civil Engineering, nec
  0311 Geomatic Engineering
   031100 Geomatic Engineering, nfd
   031101Surveying
   031103Mapping Science
   031199 Geomatic Engineering, nec
  0313 Electrical and Electronic Engineering and Technology
   031300Electrical and Electronic Engineering and Technology, nfd
   031301 Electrical Engineering
   031303 Electronic Engineering
   031305 Computer Engineering
   031307 Communications Technologies
   031309 Communications Equipment Installation and Maintenance
   031311 Powerline Installation and Maintenance
   031313 Electrical Fitting, Electrical Mechanics
   031315 Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanics
   031317 Electronic Equipment Servicing
   031399 Electrical and Electronic Engineering and Technology, nec
  0315Aerospace Engineering and Technology
   031500 Aerospace Engineering and Technology, nfd
   031501 Aerospace Engineering
   031503 Aircraft Maintenance Engineering
   031505 Aircraft Operation
   031507 Air Traffic Control
   031599 Aerospace Engineering and Technology, nec
  0317Maritime Engineering and Technology
   031700Maritime Engineering and Technology, nfd
   031701 Maritime Engineering
   031703Marine Construction
   031705 Marine Craft Operation
   031799 Maritime Engineering and Technology, nec
  0399Other Engineering and Related Technologies
   039900Other Engineering and Related Technologies, nfd
   039901 Environmental Engineering
   039903 Biomedical Engineering
   039905 Fire Technology
   039907 Rail Operations
   039909 Cleaning
   039999 Engineering and Related Technologies, nec

04 Architecture and Building

 04 Architecture and Building 
  0400 Architecture and Building, nfd
   040000 Architecture and Building, nfd
  0401Architecture and Urban Environment
   040100 Architecture and Urban Environment, nfd
   040101 Architecture
   040103Urban Design and Regional Planning
   040105 Landscape Architecture
   040107Interior and Environmental Design
   040199Architecture and Urban Environment, nec
  0403 Building 
   040300 Building, nfd
   040301 Building Science and Technology
   040303Building Construction Management
   040305Building Surveying
   040307 Building Construction Economics
   040309 Bricklaying and Stonemasonry
   040311 Carpentry and Joinery
   040313 Ceiling, Wall and Floor Fixing
   040315 Roof Fixing
   040317 Plastering
   040319 Furnishing Installation
   040321 Floor Coverings
   040323Glazing
   040325 Painting, Decorating and Sign Writing
   040327 Plumbing
   040329 Scaffolding and Rigging
   040399Building, nec

05 Agriculture, Environmental and Related Studies

 05Agriculture, Environmental and Related Studies
  0500 Agriculture, Environmental and Related Studies, nfd
   050000 Agriculture, Environmental and Related Studies, nfd
  0501Agriculture 
   050100 Agriculture, nfd
   050101Agricultural Science
   050103 Wool Science
   050105Animal Husbandry
   050199Agriculture, nec
  0503 Horticulture and Viticulture
   050300 Horticulture and Viticulture, nfd
   050301 Horticulture
   050303 Viticulture
  0505 Forestry Studies
   050501Forestry Studies
  0507 Fisheries Studies
   050700 Fisheries Studies, nfd
   050701 Aquaculture
   050799 Fisheries Studies, nec
  0509 Environmental Studies
   050900Environmental Studies, nfd
   050901 Land, Parks and Wildlife Management
   050999 Environmental Studies, nec
  0599 Other Agriculture, Environmental and Related Studies
   059900Other Agriculture, Environmental and Related Studies, nfd
   059901Pest and Weed Control
   059999Agriculture, Environmental and Related Studies, nec

06 Health

 06 Health  
  0600 Health, nfd 
   060000Health, nfd
  0601 Medical Studies
   060100 Medical Studies, nfd
   060101 General Medicine
   060103Surgery
   060105Psychiatry
   060107Obstetrics and Gynaecology
   060109Paediatrics
   060111 Anaesthesiology
   060113 Pathology
   060115 Radiology
   060117Internal Medicine
   060119 General Practice
   060199Medical Studies, nec
  0603Nursing 
   060300 Nursing, nfd
   060301 General Nursing
   060303 Midwifery
   060305Mental Health Nursing
   060307Community Nursing
   060309Critical Care Nursing
   060311 Aged Care Nursing
   060313 Palliative Care Nursing
   060315 Mothercraft Nursing and Family and Child Health Nursing
   060399 Nursing, nec
  0605 Pharmacy 
   060501 Pharmacy
  0607 Dental Studies 
   060700Dental Studies, nfd
   060701 Dentistry
   060703Dental Assisting
   060705Dental Technology
   060799Dental Studies, nec
  0609Optical Science 
   060900Optical Science, nfd
   060901Optometry
   060903 Optical Technology
   060999 Optical Science, nec
  0611 Veterinary Studies
   061100 Veterinary Studies, nfd
   061101Veterinary Science
   061103Veterinary Assisting
   061199Veterinary Studies, nec
  0613 Public Health 
   061300 Public Health, nfd
   061301 Occupational Health and Safety
   061303Environmental Health
   061305Indigenous Health
   061307Health Promotion
   061309 Community Health
   061311 Epidemiology
   061399 Public Health, nec
  0615 Radiography 
   061501Radiography
  0617 Rehabilitation Therapies
   061700 Rehabilitation Therapies, nfd
   061701 Physiotherapy
   061703Occupational Therapy
   061705 Chiropractic and Osteopathy
   061707 Speech Pathology
   061709Audiology
   061711 Massage Therapy
   061713 Podiatry
   061799 Rehabilitation Therapies, nec
  0619 Complementary Therapies
   061900 Complementary Therapies, nfd
   061901Naturopathy
   061903 Acupuncture
   061905 Traditional Chinese Medicine
   061999 Complementary Therapies, nec
  0699 Other Health 
   069900Other Health, nfd
   069901 Nutrition and Dietetics
   069903Human Movement
   069905Paramedical Studies
   069907First Aid
   069999 Health, nec

07 Education

 07 Education 
  0700 Education, nfd 
   070000 Education, nfd
  0701 Teacher Education
   070100Teacher Education, nfd
   070101Teacher Education: Early Childhood
   070103Teacher Education: Primary
   070105 Teacher Education: Secondary
   070107Teacher-Librarianship
   070109 Teacher Education: Vocational Education and Training
   070111 Teacher Education: Higher Education
   070113 Teacher Education: Special Education
   070115 English as a Second Language Teaching
   070117 Nursing Education Teacher Training
   070199 Teacher Education, nec
  0703Curriculum and Education Studies
   070300 Curriculum and Education Studies, nfd
   070301 Curriculum Studies
   070303 Education Studies
  0799 Other Education 
   079999Education, nec

08 Management and Commerce

 08Management and Commerce
  0800 Management and Commerce, nfd
   080000 Management and Commerce, nfd
  0801 Accounting 
   080101Accounting
  0803 Business and Management
   080300 Business and Management, nfd
   080301 Business Management
   080303 Human Resource Management
   080305 Personal Management Training
   080307Organisation Management
   080309 Industrial Relations
   080311 International Business
   080313 Public and Health Care Administration
   080315 Project Management
   080317 Quality Management
   080319 Hospitality Management
   080321 Farm Management and Agribusiness
   080323 Tourism Management
   080399 Business and Management, nec
  0805 Sales and Marketing
   080500 Sales and Marketing, nfd
   080501Sales
   080503 Real Estate
   080505 Marketing
   080507 Advertising
   080509 Public Relations
   080599 Sales and Marketing, nec
  0807Tourism 
   080701 Tourism
  0809 Office Studies 
   080900 Office Studies, nfd
   080901Secretarial and Clerical Studies
   080903 Keyboard Skills
   080905 Practical Computing Skills
   080999 Office Studies, nec
  0811 Banking, Finance and Related Fields
   081100Banking, Finance and Related Fields, nfd
   081101Banking and Finance
   081103 Insurance and Actuarial Studies
   081105 Investment and Securities
   081199 Banking, Finance and Related Fields, nec
  0899 Other Management and Commerce
   089900 Other Management and Commerce, nfd
   089901 Purchasing, Warehousing and Distribution
   089903 Valuation
   089999 Management and Commerce, nec

09 Society and Culture

 09 Society and Culture 
  0900Society and Culture, nfd
   090000 Society and Culture, nfd
  0901 Political Science and Policy Studies
   090100Political Science and Policy Studies, nfd
   090101Political Science
   090103 Policy Studies
  0903 Studies in Human Society
   090300Studies in Human Society, nfd
   090301Sociology
   090303Anthropology
   090305History
   090307Archaeology
   090309 Human Geography
   090311 Indigenous Studies
   090313 Gender Specific Studies
   090399Studies in Human Society, nec
  0905 Human Welfare Studies and Services
   090500Human Welfare Studies and Services, nfd
   090501 Social Work
   090503Children's Services
   090505Youth Work
   090507 Care for the Aged
   090509Care for the Disabled
   090511 Residential Client Care
   090513 Counselling
   090515 Welfare Studies
   090599Human Welfare Studies and Services, nec
  0907 Behavioural Science
   090700Behavioural Science, nfd
   090701 Psychology
   090799Behavioural Science, nec
  0909 Law 
   090900Law, nfd
   090901Business and Commercial Law
   090903 Constitutional Law
   090905 Criminal Law
   090907 Family Law
   090909 International Law
   090911 Taxation Law
   090913 Legal Practice
   090999Law, nec
  0911 Justice and Law Enforcement
   091100Justice and Law Enforcement, nfd
   091101 Justice Administration
   091103 Legal Studies
   091105 Police Studies
   091199Justice and Law Enforcement, nec
  0913 Librarianship, Information Management and Curatorial Studies
   091300 Librarianship, Information Management and Curatorial Studies, nfd
   091301 Librarianship and Information Management
   091303 Curatorial Studies
  0915 Language and Literature
   091500Language and Literature, nfd
   091501 English Language
   091503 Northern European Languages
   091505 Southern European Languages
   091507 Eastern European Languages
   091509 Southwest Asian and North African Languages
   091511 Southern Asian Languages
   091513 Southeast Asian Languages
   091515 Eastern Asian Languages
   091517 Australian Indigenous Languages
   091519 Translating and Interpreting
   091521Linguistics
   091523 Literature
   091599Language and Literature, nec
  0917Philosophy and Religious Studies
   091700 Philosophy and Religious Studies, nfd
   091701 Philosophy
   091703 Religious Studies
  0919 Economics and Econometrics
   091900 Economics and Econometrics, nfd
   091901 Economics
   091903 Econometrics
  0921 Sport and Recreation
   092100 Sport and Recreation, nfd
   092101 Sport and Recreation Activities
   092103Sports Coaching, Officiating and Instruction
   092199 Sport and Recreation, nec
  0999 Other Society and Culture
   099900 Other Society and Culture, nfd
   099901 Family and Consumer Studies
   099903Criminology
   099905 Security Services
   099999Society and Culture, nec

10 Creative Arts

 10Creative Arts 
  1000 Creative Arts, nfd
   100000 Creative Arts, nfd
  1001 Performing Arts
   100100 Performing Arts, nfd
   100101 Music
   100103 Drama and Theatre Studies
   100105 Dance
   100199 Performing Arts, nec
  1003 Visual Arts and Crafts
   100300 Visual Arts and Crafts, nfd
   100301 Fine Arts
   100303 Photography
   100305 Crafts
   100307 Jewellery Making
   100309 Floristry
   100399Visual Arts and Crafts, nec
  1005 Graphic and Design Studies
   100500 Graphic and Design Studies, nfd
   100501 Graphic Arts and Design Studies
   100503 Textile Design
   100505 Fashion Design
   100599 Graphic and Design Studies, nec
  1007Communication and Media Studies
   100700Communication and Media Studies, nfd
   100701Audio Visual Studies
   100703Journalism
   100705Written Communication
   100707 Verbal Communication
   100799Communication and Media Studies, nec
  1099 Other Creative Arts
   109999Creative Arts, nec

11 Food, Hospitality and Personal Services

 11 Food, Hospitality and Personal Services
  1100Food, Hospitality and Personal Services, nfd
   110000Food, Hospitality and Personal Services, nfd
  1101Food and Hospitality
   110100 Food and Hospitality, nfd
   110101 Hospitality
   110103 Food and Beverage Service
   110105Butchery
   110107 Baking and Pastrymaking
   110109Cookery
   110111 Food Hygiene
   110199 Food and Hospitality, nec
  1103 Personal Services
   110300Personal Services, nfd
   110301 Beauty Therapy
   110303 Hairdressing
   110399Personal Services, nec

12 Mixed Field Programmes

 12 Mixed Field Programmes 
  1200 Mixed Field Programmes, nfd
   120000Mixed Field Programmes, nfd
  1201 General Education Programmes
   120100 General Education Programmes, nfd
   120101 General Primary and Secondary Education Programmes
   120103 Literacy and Numeracy Programmes
   120105 Learning Skills Programmes
   120199General Education Programmes, nec
  1203 Social Skills Programmes
   120300 Social Skills Programmes, nfd
   120301Social and Interpersonal Skills Programmes
   120303 Survival Skills Programmes
   120305Parental Education Programmes
   120399 Social Skills Programmes, nec
  1205Employment Skills Programmes
   120500 Employment Skills Programmes, nfd
   120501 Career Development Programmes
   120503 Job Search Skills Programmes
   120505Work Practices Programmes
   120599 Employment Skills Programmes, nec
  1299Other Mixed Field Programmes
   129999Mixed Field Programmes, nec

Supplementary codes

01Field of study inadequately described
 0001Field of study inadequately described
   000110 Field of study inadequately described
&&Field of study not stated 
 &&&&Field of study not stated
   &&&&&& Field of study not stated
@@Not applicable 
 @@@@Not applicable 
   @@@@@@Not applicable
VVOverseas visitor 
 VVVVOverseas visitor
   VVVVVV Overseas visitor

Number of categories:

  • Two digit: 16
  • Four digit: 87
  • Six digit: 435

Not applicable (@@@@@@) comprises:

  • Persons who have a qualification that is out of scope of this classification
  • Persons with no qualifications
  • Persons still studying for a first qualification
  • Persons aged under 15 years

Question(s) from the Census form

What is the highest year of primary or secondary school the person has completed?

    What is the highest year of primary or secondary school the person has completed?
    What is the highest year of primary or secondary school Person 1 has completed?

    For people currently at school, select the highest year of schooling they have completed, not the year they are currently undertaking.

    More information

    Person's highest year of school completed

    Year 12 or equivalent

    Year 11 or equivalent

    Year 10 or equivalent

    Year 9 or equivalent

    Year 8 or below

    Did not go to school

      More information

      Additional information relating to the question on: What is the highest year of primary or secondary school the person has completed?

      More information

      What is the highest year of primary or secondary school Person 1 has completed?

      For people currently at school, select the highest year of schooling they have completed, not the year they are currently undertaking.

      More information

      Select 'Year 12 or equivalent' if the person has completed:
      • Year 13
      • 6th form
      • Matriculation
      • Highest year of school available.
      If the highest year of schooling the person has completed was in primary school, select 'Year 8 or below'.

      For persons who left school and then returned after a break, select the highest year of schooling they have completed irrespective of when it was completed.

      Include school level education undertaken at other institutions (e.g. at a TAFE).

      Has the person completed any educational qualification?

        Has the person completed any educational qualification?
        Has Person 1 completed any educational qualification?

        More information

        Person's completed qualification

        No

        No, still studying for first qualification

        Yes, trade certificate/apprenticeship

        Yes, other qualification (certificate, diploma or degree)

          More information

          Additional information relating to the question on: Has the person completed any educational qualification?

          More information

          Has Person 1 completed any educational qualification?

          More information

          If the person completed any vocational qualifications as part of their secondary schooling, select 'Yes, other qualification'.

          If the person has completed any other qualifications, select the appropriate 'Yes' response. Non-school or higher education qualifications include Certificates I-IV; Trade Certificates; Diplomas and Advanced Diplomas; Bachelor Degrees; Graduate Certificates and Graduate Diplomas; and higher degrees such as a Masters or Doctorate.

          What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?

            What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?
            What is the level of the highest qualification Person 1 has completed?

            For example: Trade Certificate, Bachelor Degree, Associate Diploma, Certificate II, Advanced Diploma.

            More information

            Level of qualification

              More information

              Additional information relating to the question on: What is the level of the highest qualification the person has completed?

              More information

              What is the level of the highest qualification Person 1 has completed?

              For example: Trade Certificate, Bachelor Degree, Associate Diploma, Certificate II, Advanced Diploma.

              More information

              If the person has two or more qualifications, only state the highest qualification obtained. For example, if the person has a Graduate Diploma of Education and a Bachelor Degree in Economics, the Graduate Diploma should be reported as the higher qualification.

              Qualification levels listed from highest to lowest:
              • Doctorate
              • Master Degree
              • Graduate Diploma
              • Graduate Certificate
              • Bachelor Degree with Honours
              • Bachelor Degree
              • Associate Degree
              • Advanced Diploma
              • Diploma
              • Associate Diploma
              • Advanced Certificate
              • Certificate IV (or Post-trade)
              • Certificate III (or Trade)
              • Certificate II
              • Certificate I

              What is the main field of study for the person’s highest qualification completed?

                What is the main field of study for the person’s highest qualification completed?
                What is the main field of study for Person 1's highest qualification completed?

                For example: Plumbing, Primary school teaching, Accounting, Hairdressing, Psychology, Hospitality.

                More information

                Field of study

                  More information

                  Additional information relating to the question on: What is the main field of study for the person’s highest qualification completed?

                  More information

                  What is the main field of study for Person 1's highest qualification completed?

                  For example: Plumbing, Primary school teaching, Accounting, Hairdressing, Psychology, Hospitality.

                  More information

                  The main field of study is in relation to the highest qualification entered in the previous question.

                  If the person has two or more qualifications and they are at the same level, provide the field of the one obtained most recently.

                  If the person has two qualifications of the same level, completed at the same time (for example, double degrees), select the qualification considered the most important to them.

                  Did the person complete this qualification before 1998?

                    Did the person complete this qualification before 1998?
                    Did Person 1 complete this qualification before 1998?

                    When person completed qualification

                    Yes, before 1998

                    No, 1998 or later

                    How this variable is created

                    Non-school qualification: field of study (QALFP) is mainly coded based on written responses for qualification level and qualification field questions. The following questions may also be used:

                    • Highest year of primary or secondary school completed
                    • Qualification indicator (question asking whether person has completed any educational qualification)
                    • Whether the qualification was completed before 1998

                    History and changes

                    The question on main field of study was first asked in the 1971 Census and has been asked in every Census since then.

                    In 2001, the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED) replaced the ABS Classification of Qualifications (ABSCQ).

                    In the 2006 Census, the year completed question was reworded to ask if the qualification was obtained before 1998 or from 1998 onward, with 1998 being the year the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) was introduced. The distinction between certificates awarded pre-1998 and from 1998 onward is also used to assist in coding some certificates to finer levels of the ASCED classification.

                    In 2021, minor instructional text changes to the main field of study question have been made to provide guidance for people with double degrees. The field examples were updated based on prevalence in the 2016 Census and selected to include fields found at the VET and University levels.

                    Data use considerations

                    When using this variable, the directly applicable population (i.e. those who answered 'Yes' to the Qualifications indicator question) is not identifiable in the output data set. This is because those who answered 'Yes, other qualification' to the Qualifications indicator question, and then subsequently did not provide a response to the question on main field of highest qualification, are coded to 'not stated' in this variable. Therefore, this variable cannot be used as a count of people who hold a qualification.

                    Related variables and glossary terms

                    • Full-time/part-time student status (STUP)
                    • Non-school qualification: level of education (QALLP)
                    • Highest year of school completed (HSCP)

                    Other ABS sources

                    Data downloads

                    Non-school qualification: field of study classification