Latest release

Method of travel to work (MTWP)

Census of Population and Housing: Census dictionary
Reference period
2021

Definition

This variable records up to three methods, or means, of travel to work on the day of the Census, for each person aged 15 years and over who was employed during the week before the Census. The question allows for multiple responses across all categories except walked only, worked at home, and did not go to work.

Scope

Persons aged 15 years and over employed during the week before the Census

Categories

CodeCategory

001

Train

002

Bus

003

Ferry

004

Tram/light rail

005

Taxi/ride-share service

006

Car, as driver

007

Car, as passenger

008

Truck

009

Motorbike/scooter

010

Bicycle

011

Other

012

Train, bus

013

Train, ferry

014

Train, tram/light rail

015

Train, taxi/ride-share service

016

Train, car as driver

017

Train, car as passenger

018

Train, truck

019

Train, motorbike/scooter

020

Train, bicycle

021

Train, other

022

Bus, ferry

023

Bus, tram/light rail

024

Bus, taxi/ride-share service

025

Bus, car as driver

026

Bus, car as passenger

027

Bus, truck

028

Bus, motorbike/scooter

029

Bus, bicycle

030

Bus, other

031

Ferry, tram/light rail

032

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service

033

Ferry, car as driver

034

Ferry, car as passenger

035

Ferry, truck

036

Ferry, motorbike/scooter

037

Ferry, bicycle

038

Ferry, other

039

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service

040

Tram/light rail, car as driver

041

Tram/light rail, car as passenger

042

Tram/light rail, truck

043

Tram/light rail, motorbike/scooter

044

Tram/light rail, bicycle

045

Tram/light rail, other

046

Taxi/ride-share service, car as driver

047

Taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger

048

Taxi/ride-share service, truck

049

Taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter

050

Taxi/ride-share service, bicycle

051

Taxi/ride-share service, other

052

Car as driver, car as passenger

053

Car as driver, truck

054

Car as driver, motorbike/scooter

055

Car as driver, bicycle

056

Car as driver, other

057

Car as passenger, truck

058

Car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

059

Car as passenger, bicycle

060

Car as passenger, other

061

Truck, motorbike/scooter

062

Truck, bicycle

063

Truck, other

064

Motorbike/scooter, bicycle

065

Motorbike/scooter, other

066

Bicycle, other

067

Train, bus, ferry

068

Train, bus, tram/light rail

069

Train, bus, taxi/ride-share service

070

Train, bus, car as driver

071

Train, bus, car as passenger

072

Train, bus, truck

073

Train, bus, motorbike/scooter

074

Train, bus, bicycle

075

Train, bus, other

076

Train, ferry, tram/light rail

077

Train, ferry, taxi/ride-share service

078

Train, ferry, car as driver

079

Train, ferry, car as passenger

080

Train, ferry, truck

081

Train, ferry, motorbike/scooter

082

Train, ferry, bicycle

083

Train, ferry, other

084

Train, tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service

085

Train, tram/light rail, car as driver

086

Train, tram/light rail, car as passenger

087

Train, tram/light rail, truck

088

Train, tram/light rail, motorbike/scooter

089

Train, tram/light rail, bicycle

090

Train, tram/light rail, other

091

Train, taxi/ride-share service, car as driver

092

Train, taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger

093

Train, taxi/ride-share service, truck

094

Train, taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter

095

Train, taxi/ride-share service, bicycle

096

Train, taxi/ride-share service, other

097

Train, car as driver, car as passenger

098

Train, car as driver, truck

099

Train, car as driver, motorbike/scooter

100

Train, car as driver, bicycle

101

Train, car as driver, other

102

Train, car as passenger, truck

103

Train, car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

104

Train, car as passenger, bicycle

105

Train, car as passenger, other

106

Train, truck, motorbike/scooter

107

Train, truck, bicycle

108

Train, truck, other

109

Train, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

110

Train, motorbike/scooter, other

111

Train, bicycle, other

112

Bus, ferry, tram/light rail

113

Bus, ferry, taxi/ride-share service

114

Bus, ferry, car as driver

115

Bus, ferry, car as passenger

116

Bus, ferry, truck

117

Bus, ferry, motorbike/scooter

118

Bus, ferry, bicycle

119

Bus, ferry, other

120

Bus, tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service

121

Bus, tram/light rail, car as driver

122

Bus, tram/light rail, car as passenger

123

Bus, tram/light rail, truck

124

Bus, tram/light rail, motorbike/scooter

125

Bus, tram/light rail, bicycle

126

Bus, tram/light rail, other

127

Bus, taxi/ride-share service, car as driver

128

Bus, taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger

129

Bus, taxi/ride-share service, truck

130

Bus, taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter

131

Bus, taxi/ride-share service, bicycle

132

Bus, taxi/ride-share service, other

133

Bus, car as driver, car as passenger

134

Bus, car as driver, truck

135

Bus, car as driver, motorbike/scooter

136

Bus, car as driver, bicycle

137

Bus, car as driver, other

138

Bus, car as passenger, truck

139

Bus, car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

140

Bus, car as passenger, bicycle

141

Bus, car as passenger, other

142

Bus, truck, motorbike/scooter

143

Bus, truck, bicycle

144

Bus, truck, other

145

Bus, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

146

Bus, motorbike/scooter, other

147

Bus, bicycle, other

148

Ferry, tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service

149

Ferry, tram/light rail, car as driver

150

Ferry, tram/light rail, car as passenger

151

Ferry, tram/light rail, truck

152

Ferry, tram/light rail, motorbike/scooter

153

Ferry, tram/light rail, bicycle

154

Ferry, tram/light rail, other

155

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service, car as driver

156

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger

157

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service, truck

158

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter

159

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service, bicycle

160

Ferry, taxi/ride-share service, other

161

Ferry, car as driver, car as passenger

162

Ferry, car as driver, truck

163

Ferry, car as driver, motorbike/scooter

164

Ferry, car as driver, bicycle

165

Ferry, car as driver, other

166

Ferry, car as passenger, truck

167

Ferry, car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

168

Ferry, car as passenger, bicycle

169

Ferry, car as passenger, other

170

Ferry, truck, motorbike/scooter

171

Ferry, truck, bicycle

172

Ferry, truck, other

173

Ferry, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

174

Ferry, motorbike/scooter, other

175

Ferry, bicycle, other

176

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service, car as driver

177

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service, car or passenger

178

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service, truck

179

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter

180

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service, bicycle

181

Tram/light rail, taxi/ride-share service, other

182

Tram/light rail, car as driver, car as passenger

183

Tram/light rail, car as driver, truck

184

Tram/light rail, car as driver, motorbike/scooter

185

Tram/light rail, car as driver, bicycle

186

Tram/light rail, car as driver, other

187

Tram/light rail, car as passenger, truck

188

Tram/light rail, car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

189

Tram/light rail, car as passenger, bicycle

190

Tram/light rail, car as passenger, other

191

Tram/light rail, truck, motorbike/scooter

192

Tram/light rail, truck, bicycle

193

Tram/light rail, truck, other

194

Tram/light rail, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

195

Tram/light rail, motorbike/scooter, other

196

Tram/light rail, bicycle, other

197

Taxi/ride-share service, car as driver, car as passenger

198

Taxi/ride-share service, car as driver, truck

199

Taxi/ride-share service, car as driver, motorbike/scooter

200

Taxi/ride-share service, car as driver, bicycle

201

Taxi/ride-share service, car as driver, other

202

Taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger, truck

203

Taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

204

Taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger, bicycle

205

Taxi/ride-share service, car as passenger, other

206

Taxi/ride-share service, truck, motorbike/scooter

207

Taxi/ride-share service, truck, bicycle

208

Taxi/ride-share service, truck, other

209

Taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

210

Taxi/ride-share service, motorbike/scooter, other

211

Taxi/ride-share service, bicycle, other

212

Car as driver, car as passenger, truck

213

Car as driver, car as passenger, motorbike/scooter

214

Car as driver, car as passenger, bicycle

215

Car as driver, car as passenger, other

216

Car as driver, truck, motorbike/scooter

217

Car as driver, truck, bicycle

218

Car as driver, truck, other

219

Car as driver, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

220

Car as driver, motorbike/scooter, other

221

Car as driver, bicycle, other

222

Car as passenger, truck, motorbike/scooter

223

Car as passenger, truck, bicycle

224

Car as passenger, truck, other

225

Car as passenger, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

226

Car as passenger, motorbike/scooter, other

227

Car as passenger, bicycle, other

228

Truck, motorbike/scooter, bicycle

229

Truck, motorbike/scooter, other

230

Truck, bicycle, other

231

Motorbike/scooter, bicycle, other

232

Walked only

233

Worked at home

234

Did not go to work

&&&

Not stated

@@@

Not applicable

VVV

Overseas visitor

Number of categories: 237

Not applicable (@@@) category comprises:

  • Unemployed persons looking for either part-time or full-time work
  • Persons not in the labour force
  • Persons with Labour force status (LFSP) not stated
  • Persons aged under 15 years

Question(s) from the Census form

How did the person get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

    How did the person get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?
    How did Person 1 get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

    If the person used more than one method of travel to work, select all methods used.

    More information

    How person got to work

    Train

    Bus

    Ferry

    Tram (including light rail)

    Taxi or ride-share service

    Car – as a driver

    Car – as a passenger

    Truck

    Motorbike or motor scooter

    Bicycle

    Walked only

    Other

    Worked at home

    Did not go to work

      Example

      Method of travel to work example - car as a driver response selected

      Example

      How did Person 1 get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

      If the person used more than one method of travel to work, select all methods used.

      More information

      How person got to work

      Train

      Bus

      Ferry

      Tram (including light rail)

      Taxi or ride-share service

      Car – as a driver (selected response)

      Car – as a passenger

      Truck

      Motorbike or motor scooter

      Bicycle

      Walked only

      Other

      Worked at home

      Did not go to work

        More Information

        Additional information relating to the question on: How did the person get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

        More Information

        How did Person 1 get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?

        If the person used more than one method of travel to work, select all methods used.

        More information

        Select all methods of travel used by the person to get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021.

        For example, if the person drove a car to a train station and then took a train to work, select both 'Car – as a driver' and 'Train' boxes.

        If the person walked all the way to work, select 'Walked only'.

        Do not include methods of travel for the journey home.

        How this variable is created

        The responses to this question are captured automatically from mark box responses on the Census form. Respondents were able to select more than one response with up to three methods recorded. Where more than three methods were used, responses were accepted in the order they appeared on the form and the extra responses were rejected.

        In cases where the combination of responses contained 'Did not go to work', 'Worked at home' or 'Walked only', then these unique responses override any others. If more than one of these unique responses is in the same combination, then a single response is selected in the order they appear. 

        History and changes

        The question relating to Method of travel to work (MTWP) was first asked in the 1976 Census. Similar questions have been asked in every Census since then.

        In 2021 changes were made to the Census question for two categories:

        • 'Taxi' has been changed to 'Taxi/ride-share service'
        • 'Tram' has been changed to 'Tram/light trail'

        Data use considerations

        This variable is used with Place of usual residence (PURP) and Place of work (POWP) address to construct 'journey to work' data for transport planning.

        Usual method of travel to work

        When using this data with POWP data, users should be aware that POWP refers to the main job last week, while MTWP refers to Census day. This may explain why, for a small proportion of records, MTWP data may appear inconsistent with POWP or PURP information. 

        For example, a person may have been working in the centre of Perth on 10 August 2021 and have travelled there by train, however in the week before the Census, they may have been working in an outer suburb of Perth and travelled there by car. In this case, the person would have their MTWP as 'Train' on the Census form, whilst their usual travel pattern would be by car.

        Other scenario examples:

        • If a person who had a job became unemployed, retired or on leave on 10 August 2021, their method of travel to work would not reflect their usual travel pattern.
        • If a person who was unemployed but gained employment in the week before Census, their method of travel to work would not be captured. The sequencing of questions is based on labour force status in the week before Census.
        • If a person rides a bicycle a couple days per week, but ‘usually’ catches the bus, the Method of travel to work focuses on the activity specific to Census day, to capture the minor mode of travel i.e. bicycle.
        Walked only

        If a person walked some of the way to work and used other methods, it is not included as an additional method. For example, if they walked then caught the bus, then ‘Bus’ only should be selected. Only if the person walked all the way to work, should ‘Walked only’ be selected.

        Lockdown

        A number of regions across the country were in various stages of lockdown on Census day, and the week preceding it, resulting in a greater number of people working from their homes.  Not only may this impact their responses for their place of work, but also, their travel to work.  Guidance on how to correctly respond was provided at the time on the Census website, as follows:

        Answering questions about your workplace and job role

        If you are currently working from home due to COVID restrictions, but usually attend a workplace, please write the employer's usual workplace address.

        Answering questions about whether you had a job

        If you were employed in the 4 weeks prior to the current lockdown period, but haven't been able to work in the last week due to lockdown or requirement to self-isolate, please select 'Yes, but absent on holidays, on paid leave, on strike or temporarily stood down'.

        Answering questions about your workplace and job role

        If you were employed in the 4 weeks prior to the current lockdown period, but haven't been able to work in the last week due to COVID restrictions or requirement to self-isolate, please answer all questions reflecting your usual occupation. This includes your role (such as occupation and tasks performed) and  information about your employer (such as industry and number of employees). 

        Related variables and glossary terms

        Other ABS sources