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Core activity need for assistance (ASSNP)

Census of Population and Housing: Census dictionary
Reference period
2021

Definition

This variable records the number of people with a profound or severe core activity limitation. People with a profound or severe core activity limitation are those needing assistance in their day to day lives in one or more of the three core activity areas of self-care, mobility and communication because of:

  • a long-term health condition (lasting six months or more)
  • a disability (lasting six months or more)
  • old age

Scope

All persons

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Has need for assistance with core activities

2

Does not have need for assistance with core activities

&

Not stated

V

Overseas visitor

Number of categories: 4

Question(s) from the Census form

Does the person ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, self-care activities?

    Does the person ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, self-care activities?
    Does Person 1 ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, self-care activities?

    For example: doing everyday activities such as eating, showering, dressing or toileting.

    More information

    Person's need for help with self-care

    Yes, always

    Yes, sometimes

    No

      More Information

      Additional information relating to the question on: Does the person ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, self-care activities?

      More Information

      Does Person 1 ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, self-care activities?

      For example: doing everyday activities such as eating, showering, dressing or toileting.

      More information

      This question refers to the extra help or supervision needed by someone because of a disability, long-term illness or old age.

      If Person 1 cannot do a task at all, for example, cannot dress themselves, select 'Yes, always'.

      For young children who have a similar need for assistance as most other children of the same age, select the most appropriate response for their situation.

      Does the person ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, body movement activities?

        Does the person ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, body movement activities?
        Does Person 1 ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, body movement activities?

        For example: getting out of bed, moving around at home or at places away from home.

        More information

        Person's need for help with body movement

        Yes, always

        Yes, sometimes

        No

          More information

          Additional information relating to the question on: Does the person ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, body movement activities?

          More information

          Does Person 1 ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, body movement activities?

          For example: getting out of bed, moving around at home or at places away from home.

          More information

          This question refers to the extra help or supervision needed by someone because of a disability, long-term illness or old age.

          If Person 1 cannot do a task at all, for example, is confined to bed, select 'Yes, always'.

          For young children who have a similar need for assistance as most other children of the same age, select the most appropriate response for their situation.

          Does the person ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, communication activities?

            Does the person ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, communication activities?
            Does Person 1 ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, communication activities?

            For example: understanding, or being understood by, others.

            More information

            Person's need for help with communication

            Yes, always

            Yes, sometimes

            No

              More information

              Additional information relating to the question on: Does the person ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, communication activities?

              More information

              Does Person 1 ever need someone to help with, or be with them for, communication activities?

              For example: understanding, or being understood by, others.

              More information

              This question refers to the extra help or supervision needed by someone because of a disability, long-term illness or old age.

              If Person 1 cannot do a task at all, for example, cannot communicate, select 'Yes, always'.

              For young children who have a similar need for assistance as most other children of the same age, select the most appropriate response for their situation.

              What are the reasons for the need for assistance or supervision shown in Questions 24, 25 and 26?

                What are the reasons for the need for assistance or supervision shown in Questions 24, 25 and 26?
                What are the reasons for the need for assistance or supervision?

                Select all applicable reasons.

                More information

                Reason person needs help

                No need for assistance

                Short-term health condition (lasting less than six months)

                Long-term health condition (lasting six months or more)

                Disability (lasting six months or more)

                Old or young age

                Difficulty with English language

                Other reason

                  More information

                  Additional information relating to the question on: What are the reasons for the need for assistance or supervision shown in Questions 24, 25 and 26?

                  More information

                  What are the reasons for the need for assistance or supervision?

                  Select all applicable reasons.

                  More information

                  For young children, select ‘Old or young age' if the need for assistance is similar to most other children of the same age.

                  Where a person needs assistance with communication due to difficulties with English, and if the need for assistance would not be present when communicating in their own language, select 'Difficulty with English language'.

                  How this variable is created

                  The Census uses a set of four questions (paper form questions 24-27) to derive ‘core activity need for assistance’. Responses to the questions are captured automatically from mark box responses.

                  To determine if a person’s need for assistance in one or more of the three core activity areas is due to a long-term health condition, disability or old age, the question on the Census form asks, ‘What are the reasons for the need for assistance or supervision?’.

                  To be coded to the category ‘Has need for assistance with core activities’, the response needs to be one or more of the following:

                  • Long-term health condition (lasting six months or more)
                  • Disability (lasting six months or more)

                  To be coded to the category ‘Does not have need for assistance with core activities’, the response needs to be one or more of the following:

                  • No need for assistance
                  • Short-term health condition (lasting less than six months)
                  • Difficulty with English language
                  • Other cause

                  If a person’s only response is ‘Old or young age’, they are coded as follows:

                  • If under 40 years of age – ‘Does not have need for assistance with core activities’
                  • If 40 years or over – ‘Has need for assistance with core activities’

                  History and changes

                  The Census ‘Core activity need for assistance’ concept was developed for the 2006 Census to indicate the disability status of people in Australia according to geographic area, and for small groups within the population.

                  No changes have been made for 2021.

                  Data use considerations

                  This variable helps service providers and governments plan what local facilities, services and support are required, such as in-home support, respite care and support to carers.

                  Of all ABS collections of disability data, only the Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers (SDAC) is considered to comprehensively measure disability populations, and to provide rates of prevalence at the national and state levels.  The Census concept ‘Core activity need for assistance’ is related to the ‘disability status’ information collected in the SDAC.  The purpose of the Census is to identify people with a ‘profound or severe core activity limitation’ using similar criteria to the SDAC.

                  Users wanting more comprehensive information about the disability status of people in Australia should instead refer to the publication Disability, Ageing and Carers, Australia: Summary of Findings, 2018. Despite the conceptual consistency of the measures in the Census and SDAC, abbreviating the set of questions used to collect data on disability, as required for the Census, reduces the number of people who can be classified as having a disability or to a particular level of disability, depending on the concept being collected. The publication, ABS Sources of Disability Information, 2012-2016 examines the different ABS sources of disability data. 

                  Related variables and glossary terms

                  Other ABS Sources

                  A measure of need for assistance with core activities is also collected in the ABS Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers (SDAC). While the concept is similar, the estimates differ due to different collection methodologies and population sizes. See more ABS statistics on Disability.