Apart from the concepts and data items originating from the Department of Home Affairs Temporary Visa Holder (TVH) database, (for example, visa type and main/secondary applicant status), all other terms and definitions relate to Census variables and the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS). For more detail on Census variables, please see the 2016, Census Dictionary.
Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED)
The Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED) is a national standard classification which includes all sectors of the Australian education system: that is, schools, vocational education and training, and higher education. From 2001 ASCED replaced a number of classifications used in administrative and statistical systems, including the Australian Bureau of Statistics Classifications of Qualifications (ABSCQ).
The current version of ASCED incorporates two classifications - Level of Education and Field of Education.
For more information, see Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0).
Bridging visa holders
Bridging visas are a temporary visa granted to permit the visa holder to stay, leave and return, make arrangements for a substantive visa or finalise immigration matters or decisions when their current substantive visa is ceasing or has ceased, and their substantive visa application or immigration decision is being processed.
The country of citizenship of the visa applicant or visa holder. Where a visa applicant or visa holder has more than one citizenship country, either the citizenship of the travel document or the citizenship nominated by the visa applicant is used.
Country of birth
Country of birth has been classified according to the Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC), 2016 (cat. no. 1269.0).
Persons who, during the week prior to the Census on 9 August 2016, worked for one hour or more for pay, profit, commission or payment in kind in a job, business or farm (comprising employees, employers and own account workers); or worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a farm (i.e. contributing family workers); or were employees who had a job but were not at work.
Employed full time
Employed persons who usually worked 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs) and those who, although usually working less than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week.
Employed part time
Employed persons who usually worked less than 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs) and either did so during the reference week, or were not at work in the reference week.
The Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (cat. no. 1292.0.55.002) is used to classify Industry of employment.
Persons who were in the categories 'employed' or 'unemployed' as defined.
Level of highest non-school qualification
Level of highest non-school qualification identifies the highest qualification a person has attained in any area of study. It is not a measurement of the relative importance of different fields of study but a ranking of qualifications and other educational attainments regardless of the particular area of study or the type of institution in which the study was undertaken.
It is categorised according to the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0) Level of Education classification.
The 'main applicant' is generally the person whose skills or proposed activities in Australia are assessed by the Department of Home Affairs as part of their visa application. They will usually have been specifically identified on the application form as the 'main applicant'. Main applicant's are also referred to as the 'Primary applicant'.
Main field of non-school qualification
Main field of non-school qualification is defined as the subject matter of the qualification. It is categorised according to the Field of Education sub-classification within the:
Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0).
Non-school qualifications are awarded for educational attainments other than those of pre-primary, primary or secondary education. They include qualifications at the Postgraduate Degree level, Master Degree level, Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate level, Bachelor Degree level, Advanced Diploma and Diploma level, and Certificates I, II, III and IV levels. Non-school qualifications may be obtained concurrently with school qualifications.
Not in the labour force
Persons who were not in the categories 'employed' or 'unemployed' as defined.
Occupation is classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations, 2013, Version 1.2 (cat. no. 1220.0).
Other Temporary visa holders
Includes all other temporary visa subclasses not included in the Special Category (New Zealand citizen) (subclass 444), Student, Temporary Work (Skilled) and Working Holiday Makers categories. See the Explanatory notes for more details on the specific visas included.
A person whose visa was granted on the basis of being the family member (e.g. spouse, dependent child) of a person who qualified for a visa. They will have been identified on the visa application as an 'other' or secondary applicant with the person who met the visa criteria being specifically identified on the visa application as the 'main applicant' or 'primary applicant'. Secondary applicants are included in the same visa stream as the main applicant. For example, family members granted temporary visas where the main applicant has been granted a Temporary work (Skilled) visa, will all enter Australia under a Temporary work (Skilled) visa.
Special Category (subclass 444) visa holders
Special Category (subclass 444) permits New Zealand citizens to visit, study, stay and work in Australia. Special Category visas are granted on arrival in Australia, and cease when the visa holder departs Australia.
Student visa holders
These are overseas students who undertake full-time study in a recognised educational institution. They may hold either a Student temporary visa (subclass 500), an Independent ELICOS Sector visa (subclass 570) or a Schools Sector (571) visa.
Students can apply to have partners and dependant children under the age of eighteen accompany them to Australia. These family members are known as secondary visa holders and are counted in student visa numbers.
Note that Training and Research visa (subclass 402) and Temporary Graduate (subclass 485) visa holders are included in the ‘Other Temporary visa holders’ category.
A temporary entrant is a person who is not an Australian citizen on arrival and has been granted permission or authority to enter Australia temporarily.
Visitor visa holders are not included in the ACTEID i.e. non-permanent entrants to Australia whose visa is for tourism, short stay business or visiting relatives.
A temporary resident is a temporary entrant who has stayed, or intends to stay, in Australia for 12 months or more.
The permission or authority granted by Australia for foreign nationals to live in Australia temporarily.
Temporary Work (Skilled) (subclass 457) visa holders
Temporary Work (Skilled) (subclass 457) visa holders permitted to travel to Australia to work in their nominated occupation for their approved sponsor for up to four years. While Temporary Work (Skilled) (subclass 457) visas were operative at August 2016 (the time of the last Census), they have been abolished and replaced by the Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) visa.
Persons aged 15 years and over who were not employed last week (at the time of the Census), and had actively looked for full-time or part-time work at any time in the last four weeks and were available and could have started work last week if the job had been available then.
For the purposes of this publication, visa type pertains to the visa category i.e. Special Category (New Zealand citizen) visas; Temporary Work (Skilled) Visas; Working Holiday Maker visas; Student visas; and Other Temporary visas.
Please see the individual entries for each visa category in this Glossary for more information or the Explanatory Notes for the list of those visa subclasses included in each category. More visa information is also available from Department of Home Affairs - Visa list.
Visitors to Australia
The question on the Census form, 'Where does the person usually live?' allows for the identification of people who are usually resident in another country. Overseas visitors are those people who indicated at the 2016 Census that they will be usually resident in Australia for less than one year.
Since the 1996 Census, overseas visitors have been separately categorised in standard tabulations, with the exception of Age (AGEP), Sex (SEXP) and Registered Marital Status (MSTP) tabulations. Overseas visitors can be identified for AGEP, SEXP and MSTP by cross-classifying them with variables which contain a separate overseas visitor category.
Working Holiday Makers visa
Includes subclasses 417 and 462. Permits young adults from countries with reciprocal bilateral arrangements (with Australia) to undertake short term work or study while holidaying in Australia.
Year of arrival
All overseas born people, in scope for the Census, are asked to report when they first came to Australia to live for one year or more, see Year of Arrival in Australia (YARP).
The arrival date in the Temporary Visa Holder data reflects an individuals latest arrival date pertaining to their latest temporary visa. For this reason, the scope of the Australian Census and Temporary Entrants Integrated Dataset (ACTEID) is restricted to those temporary migrants who arrived in Australia under a temporary visa and who were present in Australia on Census night, 9 August 2016.