Latest release

Jobs in Australia

Information about the number and nature of filled jobs, the people who hold them and their employers

Reference period
2011-12 to 2017-18

Key statistics

During 2017-18 there were:

  • 19.6 million job relationships, up 2.1% on 2016-17
  • 13.8 million employed persons, up 1.9% on 2016-17

The Jobs in Australia statistics are sourced from the Linked Employer-Employee Dataset (LEED). There will be three staggered releases of data for Jobs in Australia, 2011-12 to 2017-18. See the Staggered Releases section for more information.

Summary of findings

 NumberChange in last yearChange since 2011-12
 Held by men10,168,4322.1%7.3%
 Held by women9,394,9962.0%10.1%
Employed persons13,789,8561.9%7.4%
Median employee income per job (duration adjusted)$44,7843.7%15.5%
Total employment income$843 bil5.2%25.3%

* 'Duration adjusted' is an analytical measure of employee income per job that seeks to put all jobs onto a comparable full-year duration basis.


OMUEs are Owner-managers of unincorporated enterprises.


During 2017-18:

  • There were 19.6 million job relationships
  • 17.5 million (89.6%) jobs were held by employees and 2.0 million (10.4%) jobs were held by owner managers
  • 14.7 million (75.4%) jobs were in the private sector jobs and 3.2 million (16.2%) were in the public sector

Employed people

During 2017-18:

  • People aged 25-29 years held the highest number of employee jobs (2.6 million jobs)
  • Males in this age group held a slightly higher proportion of jobs than females (52.1% and 47.9%)

Employee income

In 2017-18, after adjusting for job duration, the median employee income per job was:

  • $44,784 for all persons
  • $54,536 for males
  • $36,174 for females


During 2017-18, the industries with the most jobs were:

  • Health care and social assistance (11.1%)
  • Administrative and support services (9.3%)
  • Retail trade (8.8%)


During 2017-18, the most common occupations were:

  • Professionals (18.5%)
  • Clerical and Administrative Workers (11.4%)
  • Technicians and Trade Workers (10.2%)

Differences in male and female employment in occupations continue to be apparent. Almost all jobs worked by machinery operators and drivers were held by males (89.2%), while most clerical and administrative jobs were held by females (76.4%).



During 2017-18:

  • 6.0 million (30.8%) jobs were with small businesses (less than 20 employees)
  • 4.1 million (20.8%) jobs were with medium businesses (between 20 and 199 employees)
  • 7.8 million (39.9%) jobs were with large businesses (200 or more employees)

Data downloads

Table 1. All jobs

Table 2. Employee jobs

Table 5. Owner managers of unincorporated enterprises

Table 6. Employed persons

All data cubes

Staggered releases

  • First release includes key statistics at the national level, and downloadable tables for estimates at national, state and territory, and Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (GCCSA) levels.
  • Second release (early 2021) will include state/territory spotlights, downloadable tables for estimates at state/territory level, Statistical Area Levels 2, 3, 4 (SA2s, SA3s, and SA4s) and at Local Government Area (LGA) level. Data download Tables 3 and 4 will be part of the second release.
  • Third release (early 2021) will include a region-specific case study and an industry-specific case study. This release will be accompanied by the Microdata product of Jobs in Australia, 2011-12 to 2017-18, in the TableBuilder format.

Previous catalogue number

This release previously used catalogue number 6160.0.