Consumer Price Index, Australia

Latest release

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures household inflation and includes statistics about price change for categories of household expenditure

Reference period
June 2022
Released
27/07/2022
  • Next Release 26/10/2022
    Consumer Price Index, Australia, September Quarter 2022
  • Next Release 25/01/2023
    Consumer Price Index, Australia, December Quarter 2022
  • Next Release 26/04/2023
    Consumer Price Index, Australia, March Quarter 2023
  • View all releases

Key statistics

  • The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 1.8% this quarter.

  • Over the twelve months to the June 2022 quarter, the CPI rose 6.1%.

  • The most significant price rises were New dwelling purchases by owner-occupiers (+5.6%), Automotive fuel (+4.2%) and Furniture (+7.0%).

What's new this quarter

  • A review of the seasonally adjusted series was conducted in the June quarter. An update of the changes is provided in this release under 'Seasonal adjustment review'.
  • The ABS will release an information paper next month outlining methodology and plans for a new monthly CPI indicator. 

Main features

Weighted average of eight capital cities
 Mar Qtr 2022 to Jun Qtr 2022Jun Qtr 2021 to June Qtr 2022
% change% change
All groups CPI1.86.1
Food and non-alcoholic beverages2.05.9
Alcohol and tobacco0.82.2
Clothing and footwear3.51.6
Housing2.59.0
Furnishings, household equipment and services2.56.3
Health0.42.4
Transport2.313.1
Communication0.10.0
Recreation and culture1.44.5
Education0.04.7
Insurance and financial services1.13.4
CPI analytical series
 All groups CPI, seasonally adjusted1.76.1
 Trimmed mean1.54.9
 Weighted median1.44.2

Overview

Annual underlying inflation highest in history of series

Annual CPI inflation increased to 6.1 per cent in the June quarter, due to higher dwelling construction costs and automotive fuel prices.  Annual trimmed mean inflation, which excludes large price rises and falls, increased to 4.9 per cent, the highest since the ABS first published the series in 2003.

Goods continue to drive inflation

Goods accounted for 79% of the rise in the CPI this quarter, reflecting high freight costs, supply constraints and prolonged strong demand. 

Rising constructions costs continue to drive higher prices for new dwellings

New dwelling prices recorded their largest annual rise since the series commenced in the June 1999 quarter. Price rises continue to be driven by high levels of building construction activity combined with ongoing shortages of materials and labour.

Fewer payments of government construction grants compared to the previous quarter also contributed to the rise this quarter.  These grants have the effect of reducing out of pocket expenses for new dwelling purchases.

Automotive fuel prices continue to rise

Automotive fuel prices rose for the eighth consecutive quarter. Price pressures continued to flow through to consumers following an oil price shock caused by the Russian invasion of Ukraine last quarter, coupled with ongoing easing of COVID-19 restrictions strengthening global demand. 

While a cut in the fuel excise of 22 cents per litre on 30 March 2022 resulted in fuel price falls in April, price rises were seen in May and June. The average unleaded fuel price in the month of June surpassed the previous record high monthly average seen in March. 

Grocery prices continue to rise

Price rises were seen across all food and non-food grocery products (excluding pork) in the June quarter, reflecting a range of price pressures including supply chain disruptions and increased transport and input costs.

Strong demand amid supply constraints drives price rises for durable goods

Through the year, high freight costs, supply constraints and strong demand have driven price rises for durable goods such as furniture and motor vehicles.

Rents in Sydney and Melbourne continue to recover

Rents in Sydney and Melbourne have recorded rises for the second consecutive quarter. Price rises this quarter were driven by both houses and other dwellings, which includes flats and townhouses.

Rents across the remaining capital cities have recorded a faster recovery in rental price growth compared to Sydney and Melbourne. These cities continued to record strong price rises in the June 2022 quarter, with increases in rents seen for both houses and other dwellings, reflecting historically low vacancy rates. 

Main contributors to change

CPI groups


 

Food and non-alcoholic beverages group (+2.0%)

  • Fruit and vegetables rose 5.8% due to heavy rainfall and flooding in key production areas of New South Wales and Queensland disrupting domestic supply. COVID–related supply chain disruptions and high transport and fertiliser costs also contributed to the rise.
  • Meals out and take away foods rose 1.4% due to rising input costs and ongoing supply and labour shortages. Dining vouchers offered by the New South Wales and Victorian Governments and the Melbourne City Council partially offset the rise. These voucher schemes have the effect of reducing out of pocket costs for consumers. Excluding the impact of these voucher schemes, Meals out and takeaway foods rose 2.1%.
  • Bread and cereal products rose 3.1% due to constrained global wheat supply.

In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 2.1% this quarter. The main contributors were Fruit and vegetables (+4.8%) and Meals out and take away foods (+1.4%).

Over the past twelve months, the group rose 5.9%. Meals out and take away foods (+4.7%), Fruit and vegetables (+7.3%) and Non–alcoholic beverages (+7.9%) were the main contributors.

Alcohol and tobacco group (+0.8%)

  • Tobacco rose 1.0% due to the flow–on effect of the Average Weekly Ordinary Time Earnings (AWOTE) excise increase of 0.7% applied on 1 March 2022.
  • Alcohol rose 0.7%. The increase in the bi–annual excise tax for alcohol on 1 February 2022 contributed to the rise this quarter.

In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 0.9%. The main contributor was Tobacco (+1.5%).

Over the past twelve months, the group rose 2.2%. The main contributor was Tobacco (+3.5%).

Clothing and footwear group (+3.5%)

  • Garments rose 4.4% due to the pass-through of high freight costs for new season stock.

In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 2.1%. The main contributor was Garments for women (+3.0%).

Over the past twelve months, the group rose 1.6%. The main contributor was Garments for women (+2.4%).

Housing group (+2.5%)

  • New dwelling purchase by owner occupiers rose 5.6%. Shortages of building supplies and labour, high freight costs and ongoing high levels of construction activity continued to contribute to price rises for new dwellings. Fewer grant payments this quarter from the Federal Government's HomeBuilder program and similar state–based housing construction grants also contributed to the rise.

The following graph shows the new dwellings series including and excluding government housing construction grants. 

Index, June 2020 = 100.0

  • Rents rose 0.7%, the largest rise since the September 2014 quarter. All capital cities contributed to the rise, with Sydney and Melbourne recording rises for their second consecutive quarter driven by both houses and other dwellings. Rents across the remaining capital cities continue to record stronger rises compared to Sydney and Melbourne, reflecting historically low vacancy rates and a competitive rental market.
  • Maintenance and repair of the dwelling rose 1.3%, due to supply disruptions and higher material, labour and freight costs.

In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 2.6%. The main contributor was New dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+5.6%).

Over the past twelve months the group rose 9.0%. The main contributor to the rise was New dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+20.3%), with the largest annual rise since the series commenced in the June 1999 quarter.

Furnishings, household equipment and services group (+2.5%)

  • Furniture rose 7.0% due to increased transport and manufacturing costs.
  • Household appliances, utensils and tools rose 4.0% due to high freight costs.
  • Non–durable household products rose 2.3% driven by rises in a range of products including tissues, toilet paper, paper towels and nappies, reflecting strong demand and increased freight and inputs costs.
  • Child care (-7.3%) partially offset the rise, as the full effect of additional child care subsidies for families with two or more children under the age of 6, which commenced on 7 March, flowed through into this quarter. The New South Wales Government's before and after school care vouchers also reduced out–of–pocket costs for families in Sydney.

In seasonally adjusted terms the group rose 1.6%. The main contributor was Furniture (+3.8%).

Over the past twelve months the group rose 6.3%. The main contributors to the rise were Other non–durable household products (+14.7%) and Furniture (+8.5%).

Health group (+0.4%)

  • Medical and hospital services rose 0.7% due to increases in private health insurance (PHI) premiums on 1 April 2022. This rise is lower than previous years, as many PHI providers have frozen premiums until later in the year.
  • Pharmaceutical products fell 1.1% due to an increase in the proportion of consumers who qualify for subsidies under the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS).

In seasonally adjusted terms the group fell 0.6%. The main contributor was Medical and hospital services (–1.0%).

Over the past twelve months the group rose 2.4%. Medical and hospital services (+2.8%) was the main contributor.

Transport group (+2.3%)

  • Automotive fuel rose 4.2% due to global sanctions on Russian oil, paired with ongoing easing of COVID–19 restrictions strengthening global demand. Fuel prices fell in April (-13.8%) following the fuel excise cut, but rose again in May (+11.1%) and June (+6.8%).
  • Motor vehicles rose 1.2% due to ongoing supply constraints restricting global supply.
  • Spare parts & accessories rose 5.1% with firms passing on increased input and freight costs alongside material shortages.
  • Urban transport (-4.4%) partially offset the rise, due to temporary periods of free public transport during the quarter in Sydney and Hobart.

In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 2.2%. The main contributor was Automotive fuel (+4.2%).

Over the past 12 months, the group rose 13.1%. Automotive fuel (+32.1%) and Motor vehicles (+5.5%) were the main contributors.


 

Communication group (+0.1%)

  • Telecommunication equipment and services rose 0.1%.

In seasonally adjusted terms the group rose 0.3%. The main contributor was Telecommunication equipment and services (+0.3%).

Over the past twelve months the group recorded no movement. A rise in Postal services (+5.0%) was offset by a fall in Telecommunication equipment and services (–0.3%).

Recreation and culture group (+1.4%)

  • Domestic holiday travel and accommodation rose 1.7% due to strong demand, particularly during the Easter school holidays, combined with rising jet fuel prices resulting in increases in airfares. Accommodation vouchers offered by the NSW and Victorian Governments partially offset the rise. These voucher schemes have the effect of reducing out of pocket costs for consumers. Excluding the impact of these voucher schemes, Domestic holiday travel and accommodation rose 3.0%.
  • International holiday travel and accommodation rose 19.9% due to price rises in tours and airfares. Tours of America and Europe resumed for the first time since 2019, whilst demand for flights, particularly to Europe, exceeds current capacity. Many airfares are now above pre–COVID levels due to low capacity combined with rising jet fuel prices.

In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 1.8%. Domestic holiday travel and accommodation (+3.8%) was the main contributor.

Over the past twelve months the group rose 4.5%. Domestic holiday travel and accommodation (+7.8%) was the main contributor.

Education group (+0.0%)

  • The Education group recorded no movement this quarter.

In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 0.6%. The main contributors was Secondary education (+0.8%).

Over the past twelve months, the group rose 4.7%. Tertiary education (+6.4%) was the main contributor.

Insurance and financial services group (+1.1%)

  • Other financial services (+1.5%) was the main contributor to the rise, driven by stamp duty.

In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 1.0%.

Over the past twelve months the group rose 3.4%. Financial services (+3.3%) and Insurance (+3.1%) both contributed to the rise.

International trade exposure - tradable and non-tradables

The tradables and non–tradables series measure the contribution of goods and services that are highly exposed to international trade influences (tradables), and those that are mostly influenced by domestic factors (non–tradables) to overall household inflation. Examples of tradables include automotive fuel, most food items, and clothing and footwear. Examples of non–tradables include housing and education.

Tradables (+2.7% quarter, +8.0% annual)

  • Tradable goods rose 2.6% due to Automotive fuel (+4.2%), Furniture (+7.0%) and Vegetables (+7.3%).
  • Tradable services rose 6.3% due to International holiday travel and accommodation (+19.9%).

Non–tradables (+1.4% quarter, +5.3% annual)

  • Non–tradable goods rose 2.6% due to New dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+5.6%).
  • Non–tradable services rose 0.6% due to Other financial services (+1.5%) and Restaurant meals (+1.5%). The rise was partially offset by Child care (-7.3%).

In seasonally adjusted terms, the Tradables component of the All groups CPI rose 2.2% and the Non–tradables component rose 1.5%.

Discretionary and non-discretionary inflation

Non-discretionary inflation includes goods and services that households are less likely to reduce their consumption of, such as food, automotive fuel, housing and health costs. Discretionary goods and services may be considered 'optional' purchases.

  • Non-discretionary goods and services rose 1.8% through the quarter, and 7.6% through the year.
  • Discretionary goods and services rose 1.7% through the quarter, and 4.0% through the year.

Underlying inflation series

The Trimmed mean and the Weighted median provide measures of underlying inflation. These measures reduce the impact of irregular or temporary price changes in the CPI. For more information see Underlying Inflation Measures: Explaining the Trimmed Mean and Weighted Median.

In the June 2022 quarter:

  • The Trimmed mean rose 1.5%, following a rise of 1.5% in the March 2022 quarter.
  • Over the past twelve months, the Trimmed mean rose 4.9%, following a rise of 3.7% over the twelve months to the March 2022 quarter.
  • The Weighted median rose 1.4% following a rise of 1.0% in the March 2022 quarter.
  • Over the past twelve months, the Weighted median rose 4.2%, following a rise of 3.0% over the twelve months to the March 2022 quarter.

Seasonally adjusted analytical series

Seasonal adjustment is the process by which regular, calendar related effects are removed from the original series.

  • All groups CPI seasonally adjusted rose 1.7% for the quarter.
Mar Qtr 2022 to Jun Qtr 2022 percentage change
 Original (%)Seasonally Adjusted (%)
All groups CPI1.81.7
Food and non-alcoholic beverages2.02.1
Alcohol and tobacco0.80.9
Clothing and footwear3.52.1
Housing2.52.6
Furnishings, household equipment and services2.51.6
Health0.4-0.6
Transport2.32.2
Communication0.10.3
Recreation and culture1.41.8
Education0.00.6
Insurance and financial services1.11.0
International trade exposure series  
 Tradables2.72.2
 Non-tradables1.41.5

A detailed explanation of the seasonal adjustment of the All Groups CPI and calculation of the Trimmed mean and Weighted median measures is available in Information Paper: Seasonal Adjustment of Consumer Price Indexes, 2011 (cat. no. 6401.0.55.003). Revisions to the seasonally adjusted estimates can be the result of the application of concurrent seasonal adjustment, described on the methodology page.

Capital cities comparison

All groups CPI

All groups CPI, All groups index numbers and percentage changes
 Index number(a)Percentage change (%)
 Jun Qtr 2022Mar Qtr 2022 to Jun Qtr 2022Jun Qtr 2021 to Jun Qtr 2022
Sydney125.71.65.3
Melbourne126.41.86.1
Brisbane127.92.17.3
Adelaide125.32.16.4
Perth125.41.77.4
Hobart127.61.86.5
Darwin123.22.16.6
Canberra125.61.66.3
Weighted average of eight capital cities126.11.86.1

a. Index reference period: 2011-12 = 100.0.

In all capital cities:

  • New dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+5.6%) rose. Shortages of building supplies and labour, high freight costs and ongoing high levels of construction activity continued to contribute to price rises for new dwellings. The largest rises were recorded in Brisbane (+7.0%), Melbourne (+6.9%) and Adelaide (+6.0%).
  • Automotive fuel (+4.2%) rose due to global sanctions on Russian oil, paired with ongoing easing of COVID–19 restrictions strengthening global demand. The largest rises were recorded in Darwin (+6.2%), followed by Canberra (+5.6%) and Adelaide (+4.9%).
  • Furniture (+7.0%) rose due to increased transport and manufacturing costs. The largest rises were recorded in Sydney (+8.9%), Hobart (+8.6%) and Melbourne (+7.1%).
  • Vegetables (+7.3%) rose due to heavy rain flooding events in Queensland and New South Wales damaging crops and farm infrastructure. The largest rises were recorded in Darwin (+9.0%), Sydney (+7.7%) and Melbourne (+7.7%).
  • Child care (-7.3%) partially offset the rises, reflecting increased child care subsidies for families with two or more children under the age of 6, which commenced on 7 March and flowed through into this quarter. The largest fall was recorded in Sydney (–9.4%), as the NSW Government's before and after school care vouchers further reduced out–of–pocket costs for families in Sydney.

Capital city highlights:

At the All groups level, the CPI rose in all eight capital cities, ranging from 1.6% in Sydney and Canberra to 2.1% in Adelaide, Brisbane and Darwin.

 

Sydney (+1.6%)

Sydney recorded the smallest rise of all capital cities, along with Canberra.

  • New dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+4.6%).
  • Furniture (+8.9%).
  • Automotive fuel (+3.9%).
  • Domestic holiday travel and accommodation (+0.0%) recorded no change as travel vouchers offered by the NSW Government offset price rises resulting from high demand.
  • Child care (–9.4%) recorded a stronger fall compared to other cities due to the NSW Government's before and after school care vouchers.
  • Urban transport fares (–9.6%) fell due to a 12–day period of free public transport in April.

Sydney recorded an annual rise of 5.3%.

Melbourne (+1.8%)

  • New dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+6.9%).
  • Automotive fuel (+4.7%).
  • Furniture (+7.1%).
  • Vegetables (+7.7%).
  • Domestic holiday travel and accommodation (-0.7%) fell due to travel vouchers offered by the Victorian Government.

Melbourne recorded an annual rise of 6.1%.

Brisbane (+2.1%)

  • New dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+7.0%).
  • Domestic holiday travel and accommodation (+8.9%).
  • Automotive fuel (+3.9%).
  • Furniture (+5.8%).

Brisbane recorded an annual rise of 7.3%.

Adelaide (+2.1%)

  • New dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+6.0%).
  • Automotive fuel (+4.9%).
  • Garments for women (+9.2%).
  • Vegetables (+7.3%).

Adelaide recorded an annual rise of 6.4%.

Perth (+1.7%)

  • New dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+4.8%).
  • Automotive fuel (+3.4%).
  • Furniture (+6.8%).
  • Medical and hospital services (+1.9%).

Perth recorded an annual rise of 7.4%.          

Hobart (+1.8%)

  • New dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+4.4%).
  • Domestic holiday travel and accommodation (+5.0%).
  • Furniture (+8.6%).
  • Urban transport fares (–20.1%) fell due to free public transport throughout June.

Hobart recorded an annual rise of 6.5%.

Darwin (+2.1%)

  • Automotive fuel (+6.2%).
  • Domestic holiday travel and accommodation (+15.8%).
  • New dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+2.9%).
  • Vegetables (+9.0%).

Darwin recorded an annual rise of 6.6%.

 

Canberra (+1.6%)

Canberra recorded the smallest rise of all capital cities, along with Sydney.

  • New dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+3.4%).
  • Automotive fuel (+5.6%).
  • Vegetables (+7.4%).
  • Rents (+1.5%).

Canberra recorded an annual rise of 6.3%.

 

Quarterly percentage change by capital city
GroupSydneyMelbourneBrisbaneAdelaidePerthHobartDarwinCanberraWeighted average of eight capital cities
All groups1.61.82.12.11.71.82.11.61.8
Food & non-alcoholic beverages2.12.01.92.61.61.62.62.12.0
Alcohol & tobacco0.60.80.90.90.61.10.60.90.8
Clothing & footwear3.83.74.04.71.83.33.04.03.5
Housing2.12.63.32.72.52.31.71.92.5
Furnishings, household equipment and services2.32.62.62.72.22.92.21.92.5
Health0.30.7-0.20.41.20.30.4-0.30.4
Transport2.32.31.92.82.31.63.72.72.3
Communication0.00.00.10.10.00.10.00.00.1
Recreation & culture1.00.53.11.72.02.44.90.91.4
Education0.00.00.10.00.00.00.00.00.0
Insurance & financial services1.10.61.51.90.71.10.80.81.1

Seasonal adjustment review

Each year, the CPI reviews all 87 series which comprise the CPI to assess the seasonal adjustment settings used over the year. As of the June 2022 quarter, the CPI seasonally adjusts 55 out of the 87 series. The findings from the latest review have led to the following series being switched from non-seasonally adjusted to seasonally adjusted in the June 2022 quarter CPI release:

  • Footwear for men;
  • Tools and equipment for house and garden;
  • Poultry; and
  • Telecommunication equipment and services.

The changes will be reflected in the analytical series 'All groups CPI, seasonally adjusted', 'Trimmed mean' and 'Weighted median'. Changes to the seasonally adjusted series do not affect the original CPI series.

Selected tables - capital cities

All groups CPI, index numbers(a)

All groups CPI, Index numbers(a)
PeriodSydneyMelbourneBrisbaneAdelaidePerthHobartDarwinCanberraWeighted average of eight capital cities
2022 June125.7126.4127.9125.3125.4127.6123.2125.6126.1
2022 March123.7124.2125.3122.7123.3125.4120.7123.6123.9
2021 December121.6121.4122.6120.4119.4122.9118.2120.9121.3
2021 September120.2120.1120.7118.6117.7120.2117.3119.7119.7
2021 June119.4119.1119.2117.8116.8119.8115.6118.2118.8
2021 March118.5118.8118.2117.2114.6118.5114.4117.3117.9
2020 December118.0118.4117.5116.5113.0117.6111.5116.3117.2
2020 September116.8116.7116.2115.7114.1116.7110.8115.4116.2
2020 June114.7115.7113.6114.6112.1115.6109.0112.8114.4
2020 March117.4117.8116.2115.8113.5117.2111.8115.5116.6
2019 December117.1116.9116.3115.4113.1116.7111.5115.0116.2
2019 September116.5115.9115.5114.5112.6114.7111.3114.3115.4
2019 June115.9115.3114.8113.7112.0114.1111.0113.5114.8
2019 March115.1114.7114.1113.1111.2113.4110.1113.2114.1
2018 December115.2114.6114.0113.0111.3113.6111.0113.1114.1
2018 September114.7114.0113.4112.4110.8112.2110.8112.3113.5
2018 June114.0113.8112.9112.1110.2111.5110.1111.6113.0
2021-22122.8123.0124.1121.8121.5124.0119.9122.5122.8
2020-21118.2118.3117.8116.8114.6118.2113.1116.8117.5
2019-20116.4116.6115.4115.1112.8116.1110.9114.4115.7
2018-19115.2114.7114.1113.1111.3113.3110.7113.0114.1

a. Unless otherwise specified, reference period of each index: 2011-12 = 100.0.

All groups CPI, percentage changes

Percentage change (from previous financial year)
PeriodSydneyMelbourneBrisbaneAdelaidePerthHobartDarwinCanberraWeighted average of eight capital cities
2021-223.94.05.44.26.05.06.04.84.4
2020-211.51.42.11.51.61.82.02.11.6
2019-201.01.71.21.81.32.40.21.21.3
2018-191.71.71.61.51.32.50.92.11.6
Percentage change (from corresponding quarter of previous year)
PeriodSydneyMelbourneBrisbaneAdelaidePerthHobartDarwinCanberraWeighted average of eight capital cities
2022 June5.36.17.36.47.46.56.66.36.1
2022 March4.44.56.04.77.65.85.55.45.1
2021 December3.12.54.33.35.74.56.04.03.5
2021 September2.92.93.92.53.23.05.93.73.0
2021 June4.12.94.92.84.23.66.14.83.8
2021 March0.90.81.71.21.01.12.31.61.1
2020 December0.81.31.01.0-0.10.80.01.10.9
2020 September0.30.70.61.01.31.7-0.41.00.7
2020 June-1.00.3-1.00.80.11.3-1.8-0.6-0.3
2020 March2.02.71.82.42.13.41.52.02.2
2019 December1.62.02.02.11.62.70.51.71.8
2019 September1.61.71.91.91.62.20.51.81.7
2019 June1.71.31.71.41.62.30.81.71.6
2019 March1.31.21.51.31.12.10.41.81.3
2018 December1.72.01.51.61.33.01.22.51.8
2018 September2.02.21.81.81.22.71.32.51.9
2018 June2.12.51.72.71.12.41.22.82.1
Percentage change (from previous quarter)
PeriodSydneyMelbourneBrisbaneAdelaidePerthHobartDarwinCanberraWeighted average of eight capital cities
2022 June1.61.82.12.11.71.82.11.61.8
2022 March1.72.32.21.93.32.02.12.22.1
2021 December1.21.11.61.51.42.20.81.01.3
2021 September0.70.81.30.70.80.31.51.30.8
2021 June0.80.30.80.51.91.11.00.80.8
2021 March0.40.30.60.61.40.82.60.90.6
2020 December1.01.51.10.7-1.00.80.60.80.9
2020 September1.80.92.31.01.81.01.72.31.6
2020 June-2.3-1.8-2.2-1.0-1.2-1.4-2.5-2.3-1.9
2020 March0.30.8-0.10.30.40.40.30.40.3
2019 December0.50.90.70.80.41.70.20.60.7
2019 September0.50.50.60.70.50.50.30.70.5
2019 June0.70.50.60.50.70.60.80.30.6
2019 March-0.10.10.10.1-0.1-0.2-0.80.10.0
2018 December0.40.50.50.50.51.20.20.70.5
2018 September0.60.20.40.30.50.60.60.60.4
2018 June0.40.40.40.40.20.40.40.40.4

Longer term series: all groups CPI, weighted average of eight capital cities, index numbers

 
 31 March no.30 June no.30 September no.31 December no.
2022123.9126.1  
2021117.9118.8119.7121.3
2020116.6114.4116.2117.2
2019114.1114.8115.4116.2
2018112.6113.0113.5114.1
2017110.5110.7111.4112.1
2016108.2108.6109.4110.0
2015106.8107.5108.0108.4
2014105.4105.9106.4106.6
2013102.4102.8104.0104.8
201299.9100.4101.8102.0
201198.399.299.899.8
201095.295.896.596.9
200992.592.993.894.3
200890.391.692.792.4
200786.687.788.389.1
200684.585.986.786.6
200582.182.683.483.8
200480.280.680.981.5
200378.678.679.179.5
200276.176.677.177.6
200173.974.574.775.4
200069.770.272.973.1
199967.868.168.769.1
199867.067.467.567.8
199767.166.966.666.8
199666.266.766.967.0
199563.864.765.566.0
199461.561.962.362.8
199360.660.861.161.2
199259.959.759.860.1
199158.959.059.359.9
199056.257.157.559.0
198951.753.054.255.2
198848.449.350.251.2
198745.346.046.847.6
198641.442.143.244.4
198537.938.839.740.5

a. nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)

Data downloads

Time Series Spreadsheets

Data files

Article archive

Using price indexes

Price indexes in contracts

Price indexes published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) provide summary measures of the movements in various categories of prices over time. They are published primarily for use in Government economic analysis. Price indexes are also often used in contracts by businesses and government to adjust payments and/or charges to take account of changes in categories of prices (Indexation Clauses).

Use of Price Indexes in Contracts sets out a range of issues that should be taken into account by parties considering including an Indexation Clause in a contract using an ABS published price index.

Frequently asked questions

The Frequently Asked Questions page has answers to a number of common questions to do with price indexes and the Consumer Price Index in particular.

Previous catalogue number

This release previously used catalogue number 6401.0.

Back to top of the page