The collection of names and addresses in the Census is a critical part of ensuring the quality and value of the Census.
Names are collected in the Census for many reasons, including:
- Making it easier for the person completing the form to provide the right information for each person in the household
- Enabling high quality data linking for important research for projects, such as enabling more accurate estimation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander life expectancy: Indigenous Mortality Project
- Enabling the Post Census Review (previously known as the post enumeration survey) to assess the quality of Census data. The Post Census Review is a short survey run in the month after the Census to determine how many people were missed or counted more than once, and to independently assess completeness of the Census.
Following a consultation process and Privacy Impact Assessment the ABS made the decision to retain names for up to 18 months and addresses for up to 36 months. The names will be used to generate anonymised keys that can be used to combine existing data sets to create richer and more valuable statistics for Australians.
Name and address retention
After the Census has been conducted and forms have been processed, the ABS will separate names and addresses from other information on the Census form (e.g. age, sex, occupation, level of education or income). The names and addresses are then stored securely and separately from other Census data and no one is ever able to view your name or address with your other Census data. This practice is known as the Separation Principle.
The ABS will retain names for up to 18 months and addresses for up to 36 months.
Name of employer
For each employed person, their employer's business name and address is requested on the Census form. This information is used to assist in classifying the employed person's Industry of employment (INDP).
See also Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), Confidentiality and Industry of employment (INDP).
Negative income occurs when the operating expenses are higher than the gross receipts (or revenue) of a self-employed person, business or a rental property. A person has negative income if these losses are greater than any income, benefits or allowances received from other sources.
See also Total personal income (weekly) (INCP).
A nominal child is any individual under 15 years of age who does not have a parent usually resident in the household but is instead assigned to a nominal parent from among other household members. Such children may be related to the nominal parent (e.g. as a nephew or niece) or not be related at all. Allocation of a nominal parent to a nominal child is determined by the application of certain coding rules. For more information refer to the Family, household and income variables, 2014.
A person for whom there is no identified couple relationship, parent-child relationship, or other blood relationship with any of the other usual residents of the household. They may live within a family household, or they may form a non-family household either as a lone person or a group household.
A non-family member is a person who is either:
- a lone person
- a group household member or
- an unrelated individual living in a family household.
Not in the labour force
Persons not in the labour force are those people who, during the week prior to Census night, were neither employed nor unemployed. They include people who were performing unpaid home duties, caring for children, retired, voluntarily inactive, permanently unable to work, in jail, trainee teachers, members of contemplative religious orders, and people whose only activity during the week prior to Census night was jury service or unpaid voluntary work for a charitable organisation.