6160.0 - Jobs in Australia, 2011-12 to 2016-17 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 01/08/2019   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product

Jobs in Western Australia

Jobs in Australia statistics provide useful annual information about the number and nature of filled jobs in Australia, the people who hold them and their employers. The data is compiled from the recently developed Linked Employer Employee Dataset (LEED). The LEED includes more than 100 million tax records over six consecutive years between 2011-12 and 2016-17, and provides information for over 2,200 different regions (based on a person’s residence).

This feature article is based on the Western Australia Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (the Greater Perth region, and the Rest of Western Australia) (footnote 1).

The ABS would like to acknowledge the collaboration and support of the Northern Territory Department of Treasury and Finance in analysing the state and territory level statistics and developing the eight state and territory spotlights in this release.

The ABS also acknowledges the continuing support of the Australian Tax Office (ATO) in compiling these statistics and enabling unique insights into labour markets across Australia.

Number of employed persons and jobs

In 2016-17, around 1.2 million people in the Greater Perth region were employed at some point during the year, who worked across 1.7 million jobs (footnote 2). The number of employed people decreased by 0.9% over the past 12 months, but increased by 1.5% over the previous six years. The number of jobs reflected a slightly different results (up 0.5% and down 0.7%, respectively) in the Greater Perth region.

Of the people employed, 978,100 people (84.4%) were single job holders, while 180,600 people (15.6%) worked multiple jobs at the same time during 2016-17. This trend has been consistent over the past six years, with single job holders averaging 84.6% and multiple job holders averaging 15.4% in the Greater Perth region.

In comparison, there were 296,200 employed people in the Rest of Western Australia during 2016-17, which represents an increase of 0.1% from the previous year, but a decrease 1.3% from 2011-12. These people worked across 436,200 jobs during the year, which reflects a 1.8% increase from 2015-16 and a 3.3% decrease from 2011-12 in the number of jobs.

The number of jobs was higher in the Greater Perth region compared to the Rest of Western Australia (79.1% and 20.9% respectively), reflecting the demographic dynamics of the jurisdiction, that is, more people live and work in the capital city region. This proportion has been relatively stable over the past six years.

In the Rest of Western Australia, 248,000 people (83.7%) were single job holders, while 48,200 people (16.3%) worked multiple jobs at the same time during 2016-17. As in the Greater Perth region, the majority of people worked one job at a time during a year over the past six years. Over this period, single job holders averaged 84.4% whilst multiple job holders averaged 15.6%.

Graph 1: Number of jobs and employed persons, 2011-12 to 2016-17
Graph 1: Number of jobs and employed persons, 2011-12 to 2016-17


Across Australia, there were 13.5 million employed people in 2016-17 who worked across 19.2 million jobs during the year. The number of employed people has continued to grow at the national level over the time series (up 2.1% from 2015-16 and up 5.4% from 2011-12). This is also true for the number of jobs worked in Australia (up 3.6% from 2015-16 and up 6.4% from 2011-12).

Of the people employed across Australia, 84.4% of people were single job holders compared to 15.6% who held multiple jobs at the same time throughout 2016-17. This proportion has remained stable over the past six years, with single job holders averaging 85.0% and multiple job holders averaging 15.0%.

Jobs by gender

In the Greater Perth region, the number of jobs held by females increased by 1.1% and the number of jobs held by males remained stable over the past 12 months. In contrast, in the Rest of Western Australia, the number of jobs held by both males and females grew (up by 1.4% and 2.4% respectively) over the same period.

Compared to 2011-12, the number of jobs held by females increased (up by 1.4%), but decreased for males (down by 2.5%) in the Greater Perth region. In the Rest of Western Australia, the number of jobs held by both males and females decreased (down 5.2% and 0.9% respectively). Nationally, the increase in the number of jobs was a result of growth in jobs by both males and females over the previous 12 months and six years. The growth rate in the number of jobs held by females was greater than males over the time series (7.9% and 5.1% respectively).

In both the Greater Perth and Rest of Western Australia regions, the number of jobs held in 2016-17 was greater for males (53.5% and 53.4% of jobs, respectively) compared to females (46.5% and 46.6% of jobs, respectively). This was consistent at the national level, with males working across 52.0% of all jobs, compared to females, who worked across 48.0% of total jobs during 2016-17.

Jobs by age

In 2016-17, across the Greater Perth region, the highest number of jobs were held by people in the 25 to 29 year age group (232,200 jobs), with males in this age group holding a higher proportion of the jobs than females (53.5% and 46.5% respectively). These results were also consistent in the Rest of Western Australia region, with males in this age group holding 54.4% of all jobs compared to 45.6% held by females. Over the past six years, this age group filled the most number of jobs in both the Western Australia regions.

Graph 2: Number of jobs by age and region, 2016-17
Graph 2: Number of jobs by age and region, 2016-17

This was also consistent at the national level, with 2.6 million jobs held by people in this age group and males holding a slightly higher proportion of the jobs than females (52.2% and 47.8% respectively) during 2016-17. Similarly, this age group also held the highest number of jobs over the past six years across Australia.

Type of employment

Of the 1.7 million jobs in the Greater Perth region in 2016-17, 90.5% of them were employee jobs (footnote 3) and 9.5% were jobs worked by owner managers of unincorporated enterprises. In the Rest of Western Australia, the majority of jobs worked were also employee jobs (87.1%) compared to jobs worked by owner managers of unincorporated enterprises (12.9%) over the same period. This development was also consistent at the national level, with 89.5% of all jobs being employee jobs, and only 10.5% being worked by owner managers of unincorporated enterprises. These proportions have been relatively stable over the six years at both the Western Australia and national level.

Median Income

The median income per job (footnote 4) in Greater Perth region was higher than in the Rest of Western Australia ($46,900 and $42,300 respectively) in 2016-17. This has been constant over the previous six years. Since 2011-12, the median income per job grew by 6.3% in Greater Perth and 4% in the Rest of Western Australia.

By gender, the male median income per job was higher than the female median in both regions consecutively throughout all six years of data. Since 2011-12, the male median income per job grew by 2.1% in Greater Perth and decreased by 1.1% in the Rest of Western Australia. Over the same period, the female median income per job increased by 12.0% in the Greater Perth region and by 10.3% in the Rest of Western Australia.

Nationally, the median income per job was $43,200 in 2016-17, lower than the Western Australia median of $46,000. Similarly, the national median income per job for males was also higher than for females ($52,700 and $34,900 respectively) during 2016-17, as well as over the previous six years.

Graph 3: Median income by region, 2011-12 to 2016-17
Graph 3: Median income by region, 2011-12 to 2016-17
Industry

In the Greater Perth region, the five key industries that supplied the most jobs during 2016-17 were Health care and social assistance, Administrative and support services, Retail trade, Construction, and Education and training. Over the past 12 months, the number of jobs in most of these industries increased, with the exception of Construction (down 3.5%).

Over the same period, three out of the five highest employing industries were found to be similar in the Rest of Western Australia, with the highest number of jobs in Health care and social assistance, Retail trade, Agriculture, Construction, and Accommodation and food services. In contrast to the Greater Perth region, employment decreased in two of the top five industries with Construction (down 2.5%) and Accommodation and food services (down 2.3%).


In comparison, the highest employing industries in Australia during 2016-17 were Health care and social assistance, Retail trade, Administration and support services, Education and training, and Accommodation and food services. Over the past 12 months, there was jobs growth in all of these industries.

Graph 4: Distribution of jobs across industries by region, 2016-17
Graph 4: Distribution of jobs across industries by region, 2016-17
Occupation

In 2016-17, the most common occupations nationally were Professionals (18.2% of all occupations), Clerical and administrative workers (11.5%), and Managers (10.7%). In the Western Australia, the most common were Professionals (17.4%), Technicians and trades workers (12.3%) and Clerical and administrative workers (10.9%).

In the Greater Perth region, the most common occupations were Professionals (18.9% of all occupations), Technicians and trades workers (12.1%), and Clerical and administrative workers (11.4%). In comparison, the most common occupations in the Rest of Western Australia were Technicians and trades workers (13.4%), Labourers (12.1%), and Professionals (11.6%).

Differences in male and female employment in occupations continued to be pronounced in the Western Australia. Jobs worked by Managers, Technicians and trades workers, Machinery operators and drivers, and Labourers were most likely to be held by males, while those worked by Professionals, Community and personal service workers, Clerical and administrative workers, and Sales workers were most likely to be held by females.

Footnotes

1. "Jobs in Perth" and "Jobs in the Rest of Western Australia" refer to jobs worked by people living in those regions.

2. The job counts in this publication differ from the filled job estimates from other data sources such as the Australian Labour Account and the Labour Force Australia. The Jobs in Australia data sourced from LEED provides insights into all jobs held throughout the year, while the Labour Account data provides the number of filled jobs at a point-in-time each quarter, and Labour Force Survey data measures the number of people employed each month.

3. Employee jobs include owner managers of incorporated enterprises as these employees cannot be separately identified from other employees in this publication.

4. Median employment income per job is based on filled employee jobs during the reference year. It has been adjusted to account for the duration the job was held. For further detail, see the Explanatory Notes.