Labour Force, Australia

Latest release

Headline estimates of employment, unemployment, underemployment, participation and hours worked from the monthly Labour Force Survey

Reference period
April 2024
Released
16/05/2024
  • Next Release 13/06/2024
    Labour Force, Australia, May 2024
  • Next Release 18/07/2024
    Labour Force, Australia, June 2024
  • Next Release 15/08/2024
    Labour Force, Australia, July 2024
  • View all releases

Key statistics

In trend terms, in April 2024:

  • unemployment rate remained at 4.0%. 
  • participation rate remained at 66.7%.
  • employment increased to 14,289,600.
  • employment to population ratio remained at 64.0%.
  • underemployment rate remained at 6.6%.
  • monthly hours worked increased to 1,955 million.

In seasonally adjusted terms, in April 2024:

  • unemployment rate increased to 4.1%.
  • participation rate increased to 66.7%.
  • employment increased to 14,300,000.
  • employment to population ratio remained at 64.0%.
  • underemployment rate increased to 6.6%.
  • monthly hours worked remained at 1,962 million.
  • full-time employment decreased by 6,100 to 9,845,300 people.
  • part-time employment increased by 44,600 to 4,454,700 people.
Key statistics - Trend
Mar-24Apr-24Monthly changeMonthly change (%)Yearly changeYearly change (%)
Employed people14,258,70014,289,60030,9000.2%355,2002.5%
Unemployed people589,000592,8003,9000.7%75,80014.7%
Unemployment rate4.0%4.0%0.0 ptsna0.4 ptsna
Underemployment rate6.6%6.6%0.0 ptsna0.3 ptsna
Participation rate66.7%66.7%0.0 ptsna0.1 ptsna
Monthly hours worked in all jobs1,947 million1,955 million8 million0.4%19 million1.0%
Key statistics - Seasonally adjusted
Mar-24Apr-24Monthly changeMonthly change (%)Yearly changeYearly change (%)
Employed people14,261,50014,300,00038,5000.3%394,3002.8%
Unemployed people573,900604,20030,3005.3%72,70013.7%
Unemployment rate3.9%4.1%0.2 ptsna0.4 ptsna
Underemployment rate6.5%6.6%0.2 ptsna0.4 ptsna
Participation rate66.6%66.7%0.1 ptsna0.2 ptsna
Monthly hours worked in all jobs1,962 million1,962 million0 million0.0%-15 million-0.8%

Estimates of changes throughout this release are calculated using un-rounded level estimates and may be different from, but are more accurate than, movements obtained from the rounded level estimates.

For definitions of labour statistics used in this publication, please refer to Glossary of Labour Force, Australia methodology.

Survey impacts and changes

Release of modelled regional labour force estimates

The ABS has published new monthly modelled SA4 level estimates in the March 2024 release of Labour Force, Australia, Detailed. The next release of these estimates will be on 30 May 2024.

The ABS recommends using the modelled estimates over the direct survey estimates whenever possible in reporting on regional labour markets.

Seasonal adjustment and trend estimates

New Labour Force Survey sample phase-in

Survey response and timeline

Unemployment

In trend terms, in April 2024:

  • unemployment rate remained at 4.0%.
  • unemployed people increased by 3,900 to 592,800. 
  • youth unemployment rate remained at 9.6%.

Large month-to-month changes occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in multiple trend breaks. The ABS recommends caution when using trend estimates published in spreadsheets in this release for this period. Information on trend breaks can be found in Labour Force, Australia methodology, April 2024.

Employment

In trend terms, in April 2024, employment increased by 30,900 people (0.2%) to 14,289,600 people. 

Flows into and out of employment

Large month-to-month changes occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in multiple trend breaks. The ABS recommends caution when using trend estimates published in spreadsheets in this release for this period. Information on trend breaks can be found in Labour Force, Australia methodology, April 2024.

Full-time and part-time employment

In trend terms, in April 2024:

  • full-time employment increased by 19,600 to 9,847,700 people, and part-time employment increased by 11,300 to 4,441,900 people.
  • part-time share of employment was 31.1%. 

 

Employment-to-population ratio

In trend terms, in April 2024, the employment-to-population ratio remained at 64.0%.

The employment-to-population ratio provides a measure of employment relative to the size of the population.

Large month-to-month changes occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in multiple trend breaks. The ABS recommends caution when using trend estimates published in spreadsheets in this release for this period. Information on trend breaks can be found in Labour Force, Australia methodology, April 2024.

Hours worked

In trend terms, in April 2024, monthly hours worked in all jobs increased by 7.6 million hours (0.4%) to 1,955 million hours.

Large month-to-month changes occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in multiple trend breaks. The ABS recommends caution when using trend estimates published in spreadsheets in this release for this period. Information on trend breaks can be found in Labour Force, Australia methodology, April 2024.

Participation

In trend terms, in April 2024, the participation rate:

  • remained at 66.7%.
  • remained at 70.7% for men and remained at 62.8% for women.

Large month-to-month changes occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in multiple trend breaks. The ABS recommends caution when using trend estimates published in spreadsheets in this release for this period. Information on trend breaks can be found in Labour Force, Australia methodology, April 2024.

Underemployment

In trend terms, in April 2024:

  • underemployment rate remained at 6.6%.
  • underutilisation rate remained at 10.6%.

Large month-to-month changes occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in multiple trend breaks. The ABS recommends caution when using trend estimates published in spreadsheets in this release for this period. Information on trend breaks can be found in Labour Force, Australia methodology, April 2024.

States and Territories

April 2024 - Trend
New South WalesVictoriaQueenslandSouth AustraliaWestern AustraliaTasmaniaNorthern TerritoryAustralian Capital TerritoryAustralia
Employed people4,426,2003,712,5002,928,300940,3001,592,400281,900139,500267,40014,289,600
Employed people - monthly change0.1%0.3%0.4%-0.1%0.2%0.1%0.3%0.4%0.2%
Employment to population ratio63.4%64.5%64.3%60.2%66.0%58.5%70.6%69.3%64.0%
Employment to population ratio - monthly change-0.1 pts0.0 pts0.1 pts-0.2 pts-0.1 pts0.0 pts0.1 pts0.1 pts0.0 pts
Unemployment rate3.9%4.2%4.1%4.0%3.8%4.0%4.1%3.9%4.0%
Unemployment rate - monthly change0.0 pts0.1 pts0.0 pts0.0 pts0.0 pts0.0 pts-0.1 pts-0.1 pts0.0 pts
Underemployment rate6.4%7.1%6.8%7.3%5.6%7.6%3.7%5.5%6.6%
Underemployment rate - monthly change0.0 pts0.0 pts0.0 pts0.0 pts-0.1 pts0.1 pts-0.1 pts0.1 pts0.0 pts
Participation rate65.9%67.3%67.1%62.7%68.6%61.0%73.6%72.0%66.7%
Participation rate - monthly change-0.1 pts0.1 pts0.1 pts-0.2 pts-0.1 pts0.0 pts0.0 pts0.1 pts0.0 pts
April 2024 - Seasonally adjusted
New South WalesVictoriaQueenslandSouth AustraliaWestern AustraliaTasmaniaNorthern TerritoryAustralian Capital TerritoryAustralia
Employed people4,425,5003,716,9002,950,100939,4001,588,200282,000138,200269,00014,300,000
Employed people - monthly change-0.1%0.3%1.6%0.0%-0.9%-0.2%-1.0%0.4%0.3%
Employment to population ratio63.4%64.6%64.8%60.2%65.8%58.5%69.8%69.7%64.0%
Employment to population ratio - monthly change-0.2 pts0.0 pts0.8 pts-0.1 pts-0.8 pts-0.1 pts-0.9 pts0.1 pts0.0 pts
Unemployment rate4.0%4.2%4.1%4.2%3.9%4.1%4.1%3.8%4.1%
Unemployment rate - monthly change0.2 pts0.2 pts0.0 pts0.3 pts0.5 pts0.3 pts0.3 pts0.9 pts0.2 pts
Underemployment rate6.4%6.8%6.9%7.3%5.4%7.7%3.7%5.5%6.6%
Underemployment rate - monthly change-0.3 pts-0.4 pts0.9 pts0.2 pts0.0 pts0.4 pts-0.6 pts0.0 pts0.2 pts
Participation rate66.0%67.5%67.5%62.8%68.5%61.0%72.8%72.4%66.7%
Participation rate - monthly change-0.1 pts0.1 pts0.8 pts0.1 pts-0.5 pts0.0 pts-0.6 pts0.8 pts0.1 pts

Historical charts

Historical charts for employed, unemployed, unemployment rate and participation rate from August 1966 to April 2024