Employed people are categorised according to their 'Status of Employment', which reflects the nature of the employer-employee relationship. Employed people are classified in the LFS as either an:
- Employee - that is, a person who works for an employer;
- Owner manager of an incorporated enterprise - that is, a self-employed person who owns and operates their own incorporated business, and are therefore legally separate from their business;
- Owner manager of an unincorporated enterprise - e.g. a self-employed person operating a business as a sole trader; or a
- Contributing family worker.
Owner managers (self-employed people) may or may not have employees working for their business.
In original terms, there was a 44,500 net increase in employment between July and August. This growth in original employment can be attributed to an increase in the number of owner managers (self-employed people) without employees, most of whom working in an unincorporated enterprise (e.g. a sole trader), which increased by 50,200 (Chart 1). In contrast, there was minimal growth in the number of employees (up 2,600).
The increase in owner managers without employees is greater than the overall increase in employment as there was also a 9,300 decrease in the number of Contributing family workers.