12.98 million people were employed in February 2020, which was almost two-thirds of the civilian population aged 15 years and over (20.1 million). Of these, around 1.2 million people (9.1% of employed) were underemployed, almost all of whom usually worked part-time (1.1 million). Underemployment has risen slightly over the past few years (up from 1.1 million people in February 2016).
43.8% of underemployed part-time workers in February 2020 had been underemployed a year or more. If a suitable job had been offered, 16.1% were prepared to move interstate, and 20.6% were prepared to move intrastate.
Just under half (49.7%) of underemployed part-time workers took active steps to look for additional hours.
More information about underemployment and preference for more hours for 2016 to 2020 can be found in Tables 2-7 in the Data downloads section.