Location

Mnemonic Variable Release 
IFPOWPImputation flag for place of workOctober 2022
IFPURPImputation flag for place of usual residenceJune 2022
MV1DHousehold one year mobility indicatorOctober 2022
MV5DHousehold five year mobility indicatorOctober 2022
POWPPlace of workOctober 2022
PUR1PPlace of usual residence one year agoOctober 2022
PUR5PPlace of usual residence five years agoOctober 2022
PURPPlace of usual residenceJune 2022
UAI1PUsual address one year ago indicatorOctober 2022
UAI5PUsual address five years ago indicatorOctober 2022
UAICPUsual address indicator Census nightJune 2022

Imputation flag for place of work (IFPOWP)

Definition

This variable indicates if a person's place of work in the week before Census night was imputed, and to what geographic level. Some people may provide an incomplete address for their place of work, and this flag indicates the geographic level at which imputation was then required. The address of the person’s workplace is coded to a Destination zone (DZN). Destination zones are co-designed with state and territory transport authorities.

People who have not provided enough information to have their place of work coded to a DZN will have this information imputed. Imputation is a statistical process for predicting values where no response was provided to a question and therefore a response could not be derived. The Imputation flag for place of work (IFPOWP) variable can be used to identify records whose place of work has been imputed. It provides information on the level of response a person provided to the question 'For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?'.

Scope

All persons aged 15 years and over who listed their employment status as ‘Employed’

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Workplace address not imputed

2

Workplace address imputed – SA2 stated

3

Workplace address imputed – Capital city stated

4

Workplace address imputed – State/Territory stated

5

Workplace address imputed – Not stated

@

Not applicable

V

Overseas visitor

Number of categories: 7

Not applicable (@) category comprises:

  • Unemployed persons, looking for either full-time or part-time work
  • Persons not in the labour force
  • Persons with Labour force status (LFSP) not stated
  • Persons aged under 15 years

Question(s) from the Census form

For the main job held last week, what was the employer’s business name?

For the main job held last week, what was the employer’s business name?
For the main job held last week, what was the business's name?

For self-employed persons, provide the name of the Person's business.

For teachers, provide the name of the school.

Business name

For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?

For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?
For the main job held last week, what was Person 1's workplace address?

For people who work from home for an employer, write the employer's workplace address.

For people with no fixed place of work:
• if the person usually travels to a depot to start work, provide the depot address
• otherwise enter ‘None’ in the ‘Suburb/Locality’ box.

This information is used to calculate daytime populations and to plan transport activities.

More information

Street number Street name (examples: Graham Avenue, George Street)

Suburb/Locality State/Territory Postcode

Property/Building name (if any)

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: For the main job held last week, what was Person 1's workplace address?
For the main job held last week, what was Person 1's workplace address?

For people who work from home for an employer, write the employer's workplace address.

For people with no fixed place of work:
• if the person usually travels to a depot to start work, provide the depot address
• otherwise enter ‘None’ in the ‘Suburb/Locality’ box.

This information is used to calculate daytime populations and to plan transport activities.

More information

If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

Include the name of the building or property where the person works, if known.

For Norfolk Island and other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

For people currently working from home due to lockdown or other COVID-related reasons, write the employer's workplace address.

How this variable is created

This is a derived variable created during Census processing to indicate whether place of work is imputed. Where an incomplete place of work address is given, place of work is imputed at different geography levels using the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS). This variable is coded based on what level the respondent’s place of work is imputed.

Respondents that provided partial or no information about their place of work will have a Place of work (POWP) DZN imputed to them. This is imputed based on the distribution of responses observed in the responding population. Depending on the level of imputation required, the following variables (where available) may be used in its method:

  • Place of usual residence (PURP)
  • Industry of employment (INDP)
  • Method of travel to work (MTWP)

History and changes

A question on place of work was first asked in 1971 with similar questions having been asked in every Census since then. The POWP variable was used for the first time in the 2006 Census and replaced the Journey to Work variable which was used prior to that.

Data is available for DZN in TableBuilder Pro. Prior to 2011, DZN data was only available via customised request. DZN boundaries were updated for 2016 and the new IFPOWP variable was introduced.

For 2021 a new instruction has been added to the online form to help people who are in COVID affected areas answer the place of work question. Additional instructions were also added to the Census website – see Data use considerations for more details.

Data use considerations

Lockdown

A number of regions across the country were in various stages of lockdown on Census day, and the week preceding it, resulting in a greater number of people working from their homes. This may impact their responses for their place of work. Guidance on how to correctly respond was provided at the time on the Census website, as follows:

  • For people who usually work from home, and did not have any other workplace, write the home address
  • For people who are working from home temporarily due to COVID-19, write the workplace address they would normally be at
Comparability of Destination zones over time 

DZN are not comparable across censuses due to changes to both the boundary and code structure.

POWP is a hierarchical classification, ranging from the broadest geographic level (Australia), to the finest level (DZN). The categories in this variable have changed to reflect the updated ASGS used for the 2021 Census. Data is also available for Local Government Areas to assist with time series comparison.

Journey to work information

Data for POWP, PURP and MTWP can be cross-classified to:

  • examine movements of people to and from work
  • analyse transport patterns
  • assist in the planning for transport systems
  • develop and release residential and commercial land.

Journey to work data is used by:

  • transport authorities
  • associated bodies
  • organisations
  • other interested people.

It is important to note that the different variables for cross-classification represent different time frames and can produce outliers in the data due to a variety of reasons. Variables are listed below: 

  • POWP refers to a person’s workplace address last week
  • PURP refers to where a person usually lives (which may or may not be where they were counted on Census night)
  • MTWP refers to how the person travelled to work on the day of the Census
Examples of how cross-classification can affect the data
 Example 1Example 2

Scenario

A person spent the previous night in Brisbane with a friend and walked to work in Brisbane City. She then caught a train to her parent's place on the Gold Coast (which she also regarded as her usual place of residence) that evening where she was enumerated

A person mainly worked in Alice Springs in the week prior to the Census. However, the person moved to Sydney in the intervening week and took a ferry to their new place of employment

Area of enumeration

Gold Coast

Manly

Place of usual residence

Gold Coast

Manly

Place of work

Brisbane City

Alice Springs

Method of transport to work

Walked Only

Ferry

Related variables and glossary terms

Imputation flag for place of usual residence (IFPURP)

Definition

This variable indicates if a person's place of usual residence was imputed in the Census, and to what geographic level. Some people may provide an incomplete address of usual residence, and this flag indicates the geographic level at which imputation was then required.

Scope

All persons

Categories

CodeCategory

01

Not imputed – state/territory, SA2 and SA1 stated

02

SA1 imputed – state/territory and SA2 stated

03

SA2 and SA1 imputed – state/territory and/or capital city provided

04

State/Territory, SA2 and SA1 imputed

Number of categories: 4

Question(s) from the Census form

Where does the person usually live?

Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

Person's usual address

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

If you have written 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box, make sure the other boxes are empty.

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

How this variable is created

This is a derived variable created during Census processing to indicate whether usual address is imputed. Where incomplete address of usual residence is given, place of usual residence is imputed at different geography levels using the Australian Statistical Geography Standard. This variable is coded based on what level the respondent’s place of usual residence is imputed.

History and changes

Prior to the 1961 Census, questions did not differentiate between place of enumeration and place of usual residence. A question relating to Place of usual residence was first asked in the 1971 Census and has been asked at every Census since then.

No changes have been made for 2021.

Data use considerations

There are no data use considerations for this variable.

Related variables and glossary terms

Household one year mobility indicator (MV1D)

Definition

This derived variable indicates if all, some, or none of the usual residents of a household on 10 August 2021 have a different usual address compared to one year earlier (i.e. 10 August 2020).  Persons temporarily absent, visitors, and households containing only visitors, are excluded.

Scope

Family, group, lone person households

Categories

CodeCategory

1

All residents in the household aged one year and over had a different address one year ago

2

Some residents in the household aged one year and over had a different address one year ago

3

No residents in the household aged one year and over had a different address one year ago

&

At least one resident did not state an address one year ago

@

Not applicable

Number of categories: 5

Not applicable (@) category comprises:

  • Visitor only households
  • Other non-classifiable households
  • Unoccupied private dwellings
  • Non-private dwellings
  • Migratory, off-shore and shipping SA1s

Question(s) from the Census form

Where does the person usually live?

Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

More Information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?
Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

Example

Household one year mobility indicator example - elsewhere in Australia response selected
Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address) (selected response)

Fill in the address details
Apartment/Flat/Unit number (if any)
Street number
Street name
Suburb/Locality
State/Territory
Postcode

Other country

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?
Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

How this variable is created

This variable is derived from the questions asking for a person's place of usual residence on Census night and one year ago. From this data it is possible to identify the change of address of people and show the movement of households for one year prior to the Census date. The dwelling can then be coded as having all, some, or no residents in the household having a different address one year ago.

Dwellings where at least one resident aged one year and over did not state their address one year ago are coded to ‘& At least one resident did not state an address one year ago’.

History and changes

The household mobility variable was first used for the 1991 Census. However, data about the change of addresses for individual persons, from which this variable is derived, has been collected since the 1976 Census.

In 2021, the reference year has been updated. The ‘Not stated’ category label has also been updated to ‘At least one resident did not state an address one year ago’.

Data use considerations

There are no data use considerations for this variable.

Related variables and glossary terms

Household five year mobility indicator (MV5D)

Definition

This derived variable indicates if all, some, or none of the usual residents of a household on 10 August 2021 have a different usual address compared to five years earlier (i.e. 10 August 2016).  Persons temporarily absent, visitors, and households containing only visitors, are excluded.

Scope

Family, group, lone person households

Categories

CodeCategory

1

All residents in the household aged five years and over had a different address five years ago

2

Some residents aged five years and over had a different address five years ago

3

No residents aged five years and over had a different address five years ago

&

At least one resident did not state an address five years ago

@

Not applicable

Number of categories: 5

Not applicable (@) category comprises:

  • Visitor only households
  • Other non-classifiable households
  • Unoccupied private dwellings
  • Non-private dwellings
  • Migratory, off-shore and shipping SA1

Question(s) from the Census form

Where does the person usually live?

Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

More Information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

Where did the person usually live on year ago (at 10 August 2020)?
Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

Example

Household five year mobility indicator example - elsewhere in Australia response selected
Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address) (selected response)

Fill in the address details
Apartment/Flat/Unit number (if any)
Street number
Street name
Suburb/Locality
State/Territory
Postcode

Other country

More Information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where did the person usually live on year ago (at 10 August 2020)?
Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?
Where did Person 1 usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2016, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

Example

Household five year mobility indicator example - elsewhere in Australia response selected
Where did Person 1 usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2016, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address) (selected response)

Fill in the address details
Apartment/Flat/Unit number (if any)
Street number
Street name
Suburb/Locality
State/Territory
Postcode

Other country

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?
Where did Person 1 usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2016, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

How this variable is created

This variable is derived from questions asking for a person's place of usual residence on Census night, one year ago and five years ago. The dwelling can then be coded as having all, some, or no residents in the household having a different address five years ago.

Dwellings where at least one resident aged five years and over did not state their address five years ago are coded to ‘& At least one resident did not state an address five years ago’.

History and changes

A variable on household mobility was first used for the 1991 Census. A question relating to place of usual residence five years ago was first asked in the 1971 Census and has been asked at every Census since then.

For 2021, output category labels have been updated to make the categories easier to understand.

Data use considerations

From this data it is possible to identify the change of address of people and show the movement of households for five years prior to the Census date.

Related variables and glossary terms

Place of work (POWP)

Definition

This variable records the geographic area in which a person worked in the week before Census night. The address of the person’s workplace is coded to a Destination zone (DZN). Destination zones are co-designed with state and territory transport authorities for the analysis of Place of work (POWP) data, commuting patterns and the development of transport policy.

Scope

Employed persons aged 15 years and over who listed their employment status as ‘Employed’

Categories

Place of work data is available for the following geographies:

  • State/Territory
  • Greater capital city statistical area
  • Statistical area 4
  • Statistical area 3
  • Statistical area 2
  • Local government areas
  • Destination zones

A list of categories is available from the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) although the following supplementary codes are always included:

  • Not applicable
  • Overseas visitor

Number of categories: Available on request

Not applicable category comprises:

  • Unemployed persons, looking for either full-time or part-time work
  • Persons not in the labour force
  • Persons with Labour force status (LFSP) not stated
  • Persons aged under 15 years

Question(s) from the Census form

For the main job held last week, what was the employer’s business name?

For the main job held last week, what was the employer’s business name?
For the main job held last week, what was the business's name?

For self-employed persons, provide the name of the Person's business.

For teachers, provide the name of the school.

Business name

For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?

For the main job held last week, what was the person’s workplace address?
For the main job held last week, what was Person 1's workplace address?

For people who work from home for an employer, write the employer's workplace address.

For people with no fixed place of work:
• if the person usually travels to a depot to start work, provide the depot address
• otherwise enter ‘None’ in the ‘Suburb/Locality’ box.

This information is used to calculate daytime populations and to plan transport activities.

More information

Street number Street name (examples: Graham Avenue, George Street)

Suburb/Locality State/Territory Postcode

Property/Building name (if any)

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: For the main job held last week, what was Person 1's workplace address?
For the main job held last week, what was Person 1's workplace address?

For people who work from home for an employer, write the employer's workplace address.

For people with no fixed place of work:
• if the person usually travels to a depot to start work, provide the depot address
• otherwise enter ‘None’ in the ‘Suburb/Locality’ box.

This information is used to calculate daytime populations and to plan transport activities.

More information

If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

Include the name of the building or property where the person works, if known.

For Norfolk Island and other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

For people currently working from home due to lockdown or other COVID-related reasons, write the employer's workplace address.

How this variable is created

This variable is determined from written responses to the 'Business name' and 'Workplace address' questions on the Census form.

Most responses for POWP are coded automatically. The remaining responses go through a bulk coding process where groupings of the same business or property are assigned a POWP code. The responses that cannot be coded using either method are coded manually using a workplace index.

Responses are coded to units of geography known as DZN. DZNs are aggregates of whole Mesh blocks (though data is not coded to the Mesh block level), and aggregate to Statistical area level 2. Due to the hierarchical nature of the ASGS, place of work data is also available in the following geographies:

  • Statistical area level 3
  • Statistical area level 4
  • State/Territory and Greater capital city statistical area levels

History and changes

A question on place of work was first asked in 1971 with similar questions having been asked in every Census since then. The POWP variable was used for the first time in the 2006 Census and replaced the Journey to work variable which was used prior to that.

Data is available for DZN in TableBuilder Pro. Prior to 2011, DZN data was only available via customised request. DZN boundaries were updated for 2016 and the new Imputation flag for place of work (IFPOWP) variable was introduced.

For 2021 a new instruction has been added to the online form to help people who are in COVID affected areas answer the place of work question. Additional instructions were also added to the Census website – see Data use considerations for more details.

Data use considerations

Lockdown

A number of regions across the country were in various stages of lockdown on Census day, and the week preceding it, resulting in a greater number of people working from their homes. This may impact their responses for their place of work. Guidance on how to correctly respond was provided at the time on the Census website, as follows:

  • For people who usually work from home, and did not have any other workplace, write the home address
  • For people who are working from home temporarily due to COVID-19, write the workplace address they would normally be at
Comparability of Destination zones over time 

DZN are not comparable across Censuses due to changes to both the boundary and code structure.

POWP is a hierarchical classification, ranging from the broadest geographic level (Australia), to the finest level (DZN). The categories in this variable have changed to reflect the updated ASGS used for the 2021 Census. Data is also available for Local Government Areas to assist with time series comparison.

Journey to work information

Data for POWP, Place of usual residence (PURP) and Method of travel to work (MTWP) can be cross-classified to:

  • examine movements of people to and from work
  • analyse transport patterns
  • assist in the planning for transport systems
  • develop and release residential and commercial land.

Journey to work data is used by:

  • transport authorities
  • associated bodies
  • organisations
  • other interested people.

It is important to note that the different variables for cross-classification represent different timeframes and can produce outliers in the data due to a variety of reasons. Variables are listed below: 

  • POWP refers to a person’s workplace address last week
  • PURP refers to where a person usually lives (which may or may not be where they were counted on Census night)
  • MTWP refers to how the person travelled to work on the day of the Census
Examples of how cross-classification can affect the data
 Example 1Example 2

Scenario

A person spent the previous night in Brisbane with a friend and walked to work in Brisbane City. She then caught a train to her parent's place on the Gold Coast (which she also regarded as her usual place of residence) that evening where she was enumerated

A person mainly worked in Alice Springs in the week prior to the Census. However, the person moved to Sydney in the intervening week and took a ferry to their new place of employment

Area of enumeration

Gold Coast

Manly

Place of usual residence

Gold Coast

Manly

Place of work

Brisbane City

Alice Springs

Method of transport to work

Walked Only

Ferry

Related variables and glossary terms

Place of usual residence one year ago (PUR1P)

Definition

This variable records the geographic area in which a person usually lived one year before the Census. The base area that is output is Statistical area level 2. These can be aggregated to form higher Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) areas:

  • Statistical area level 3
  • Statistical area level 4
  • Significant urban area
  • Greater capital city statistical areas
  • State/Territory

For details of these areas refer to the ASGS.

Scope

People aged one year and over

Categories

CodeCategory

 

In addition to the ASGS geographic areas outlined above, the following categories are also included:

9099

Capital city nfd

9299

Overseas

9499

No usual address

9799

Migratory, off-shore and shipping

9899

State/Territory nfd

&&&&

Not stated

@@@@

Not applicable

VVVV

Overseas visitors

Number of categories: Total number of categories will depend on the geographic level chosen

Not applicable (@@@@) category comprises:

  • Persons aged under 1 year

Special purpose code definitions

Special purpose codeDefinition

Capital city nfd

Used to code place of usual residence one and five years ago. Used where a respondent has given incomplete address information on the Census form. But has given enough information to allow coding to a capital city. There is a category for each capital city:

  • Capital city (Greater Sydney) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Melbourne) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Brisbane) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Adelaide) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Perth) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Hobart) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Darwin) nfd
  • Capital city (ACT) nfd

State/Territory nfd

Used to code place of usual residence one and five years ago. Used where a respondent has given incomplete address information on the Census form but has given enough information to allow coding to a state/territory. There is a category for each state/territory:

  • State/Territory nfd (NSW)
  • State/Territory nfd (Vic.)
  • State/Territory nfd (Qld)
  • State/Territory nfd (SA)
  • State/Territory nfd (WA)
  • State/Territory nfd (Tas.)
  • State/Territory nfd (NT)
  • State/Territory nfd (OT)

Migratory

Used to code people who are in transit on long distance trains, buses, aircraft, and long-haul road transport vehicles on Census night.

Off-shore

Used to code people who are on oil rigs and drilling platforms etc. on Census night.  Also used for expeditioners in the Australian Antarctic Territory.

Shipping

Used to code people who are on board vessels in Australian waters, in or between Australian ports on Census night.

No usual address

Used to code people who have no fixed address, such as travellers who move across Australia.

Not applicable

Used to code a person’s place of usual residence one and five years ago, for children who had not been born one or five years ago.

Overseas

Used to code a person’s place of usual residence one and five years ago, for people who lived overseas one and five years ago.

Question(s) from the Census form

Where does the person usually live?

Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?
Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

Example

Place of usual residence one year ago example - elsewhere in Australia response selected
Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

Person's usual address one year ago

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address) (selected response)

Fill in the address details
Apartment/Flat/Unit number (if any)
Street number
Street name
Suburb/Locality
State/Territory
Postcode

Other country

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?
Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

How this variable is created

PUR1P is coded to SA2 geography based on the response to the question, 'Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?'. If PUR1P cannot be coded to SA2 geography, it is assigned to a 'Capital city nfd' category, or a 'State/Territory nfd' category.

For people whose place of usual residence one year ago was the same as their place of usual residence on Census night, PUR1P is automatically derived from Place of usual residence (PURP). People who lived overseas one year ago are coded to ‘Overseas’. For people who lived elsewhere in Australia one year ago, the address details provided on the form are coded using automatic or clerical processes.

People who did not answer 'Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?' are coded to ‘Not stated’.

History and changes

The question 'Where did the person usually live one year ago?' was first asked in the 1976 Census and has been asked at every Census since.

In 2021, Geographic classifications have been changed to reflect the updated ASGS used for the 2021 Census. Supplementary code ‘Undefined state’ has been updated to ‘State/Territory nfd’ to better reflect the category.

Data use considerations

There are no data use considerations for this variable.

Related variables and glossary terms

Place of usual residence five years ago (PUR5P)

Definition

This variable records the geographic area in which a person usually lived five years before the Census. The base area that is output for Place of usual residence fiver years ago (PUR5P) is Statistical area level 2 (SA2). These can be aggregated to form higher Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) areas:

  • Statistical area level 3
  • Statistical area level 4
  • Significant urban area
  • Greater capital city statistical areas
  • State/Territory

For details of these areas refer to the ASGS.

Scope

Persons aged five years and over

Categories

CodeCategory

 

In addition to the ASGS geographic areas outlined above, the following categories are also included:

9099

Capital city nfd

9299

Overseas

9499

No usual residence

9799

Migratory, off-shore and shipping

9899

State/Territory nfd

&&&&

Not stated

@@@@

Not applicable

VVVV

Overseas visitors

Number of categories:  Total number of categories will depend on the geographic level chosen

Not applicable (@@@@) category comprises:

  • Persons aged under 5 year

Special purpose code definitions

Special purpose codeDefinition

Capital city nfd

Used to code place of usual residence one and five years ago. Used where a respondent has given incomplete address information on the Census form but has given enough information to allow coding to a capital city. There is a category for each capital city:

  • Capital city (Greater Sydney) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Melbourne) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Brisbane) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Adelaide) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Perth) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Hobart) nfd
  • Capital city (Greater Darwin) nfd
  • Capital city (ACT) nfd

State/Territory nfd

Used to code place of usual residence one and five years ago. Used where a respondent has given incomplete address information on the Census form but has given enough information to allow coding to a state/territory. There is a category for each state/territory:

  • State/Territory nfd (NSW)
  • State/Territory nfd (Vic.)
  • State/Territory nfd (Qld)
  • State/Territory nfd (SA)
  • State/Territory nfd (WA)
  • State/Territory nfd (Tas.)
  • State/Territory nfd (NT)
  • State/Territory nfd (OT)

Migratory

Used to code people who are in transit on long distance trains, buses, aircraft and long-haul road transport vehicles on Census night.

Off-shore

Used to code people who are on oil rigs and drilling platforms etc. on Census night.  Also used for expeditioners in the Australian Antarctic Territory.

Shipping

Used to code people who are on board vessels in Australian waters, in or between Australian ports on Census night.

No usual residence

Used to code people who have no fixed address, such as travellers who move across Australia.

Not applicable

Used to code a person’s place of usual residence one and five years ago, for children who had not been born one or five years ago.

Overseas

Used to code a person’s place of usual residence one and five years ago, for people who lived overseas one and five years ago.

  
  

 

Question(s) from the Census form

Where does the person usually live?

Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

Person's usual address

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

More Information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

If you have written 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box, make sure the other boxes are empty.

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?
Where did Person 1 usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2016, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

Person's usual address five years ago

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

Example

Place of usual residence five years ago example - elsewhere in Australia response selected
Where did Person 1 usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2016, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

Person's usual address five years ago

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address) (selected response)

Fill in the address details
Apartment/Flat/Unit number (if any)
Street number
Street name
Suburb/Locality
State/Territory
Postcode

Other country

More Information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?
Where did Person 1 usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2016, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

How this variable is created

PUR5P is coded to SA2 based on the response to the question 'Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?'. If PUR5P cannot be coded to the SA2 geography, it is assigned to a 'Capital city nfd' category, or a 'State/Territory nfd' category.

For people whose place of usual residence five year ago was the same as their place of usual residence on Census night, their PUR5P is automatically derived from Place of usual residence (PURP). People who lived overseas five years ago are coded to ‘Overseas’. For people who lived elsewhere in Australia five years ago, the address details provided on the form are coded using automatic or clerical processes.

People who did not answer the question 'Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?' are coded to ‘Not stated’.

History and changes

This question relating to place of usual residence five years ago was first asked in the 1971 Census and has been asked at every Census since then.

In 2021, Geographic classifications have been changed to reflect the updated ASGS used for the 2021 Census. Supplementary code ‘Undefined state’ has been updated to ‘State/Territory nfd’ to better reflect the category.

Data use considerations

There are no data use considerations for this variable.

Related variables and glossary terms

Place of usual residence (PURP)

Definition

This variable records the geographic area in which a person usually lives.  It may or may not be the place where the person was counted on Census night. The base area for Place of usual residence (PURP) is a mesh block (MB). These can be aggregated to form higher Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) areas.

For details of these areas refer to the ASGS.

Scope

All persons

Categories

CodeCategory

 

In addition to the ASGS geographic areas, the following categories are also included:

 

Migratory, off-shore and shipping

 

No usual address

VVVV

Overseas visitor

Number of categories:  Total number of categories will depend on the geographic level chosen

Special purpose code definitions
Special purpose codesDefinition

Migratory

Used to code people who are in transit on long distance trains, buses, aircraft and long-haul road transport vehicles on Census night.

Off-shore

Used to code people who are on oil rigs and drilling platforms etc. on Census night.  Also used for expeditioners in the Australian Antarctic Territory.

Shipping

Used to code people who are on board vessels in Australian waters, in or between Australian ports on Census night.

No usual address

Used to code people who have no fixed address, such as travellers who move across Australia.

Question(s) from the Census form

What is the address of this dwelling?

What is the address of this dwelling?
What is the address of this dwelling?

More information

Apartment/Flat/Unit number (if any)
Street number
Street name (examples: Graham Avenue, George Street)
Suburb/Locality
State/Territory
Postcode
Property/Building name (if any)

More Information

Additional information relating to the question on: What is the address of this dwelling?
What is the address of this dwelling?

More information

For Norfolk Island and other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

Where does the person usually live?

Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

How this variable is created

For people who are at home on Census night, PURP is automatically derived from their place of enumeration.  

People who usually lived overseas are coded as ‘Overseas visitors’.

People who have 'no usual address' are instructed on the Census form to write 'None' in the suburb/locality field for the usual address question. Each state/territory has one Statistical area 1 (SA1) and Statistical area 2 (SA2) imputed specifically for these responses.

Shipping SA1s and Offshore SA1s are also valid for PURP.

For people who live elsewhere in Australia, address details that are provided on the form are coded to mesh block (MB) where possible using automatic or clerical processes. MBs are the smallest geographical unit in the ABS and form the basis for the larger regions of the ASGS.

Where incomplete address of usual residence is given, PURP is imputed at different geography levels using the ASGS.  The variable Imputation flag for place of usual residence (IFPURP) indicates if a person's PURP was imputed in the Census, and to what level.

Migratory SA1s are invalid for place of usual residence and such responses are imputed to a valid spatial SA1.

History and changes

A question relating to place of usual residence was first asked in the 1971 Census and has been asked at every Census since then. Prior to the 1961 Census, questions did not differentiate between place of enumeration and place of usual residence.

Since the 2001 Census, an additional note was included: 'For persons who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, mark 'Other country'.

The categories in this variable have changed to reflect the updated ASGS used for the 2021 Census. Provision is also made for persons who indicate that they have no usual place of residence.

Prior to 2016, usual address information for persons staying in a non-private dwelling (hotel, hospitals) on Census night was recorded on a Summary form by a Census Field Officer. In 2016, under the new enumeration method, usual address information was no longer collected during the non-private dwelling enumeration process. If a form was not returned by a respondent in a non-private dwelling, demographic information including their usual address was imputed based on people in similar non-private dwellings. 

For 2021, instructional text was added to aid people without a fixed or return address by including examples ‘due to family conflict’ or ‘eviction’.

Data use considerations

The technical definition of usual residence refers to the address at which a person lives or intends to live for six months or more. However, the data is self-reported and sometimes, the address that is reported may be what respondents consider their 'usual address' rather than the technical definition. People visiting Australia from another country for less than one year are considered overseas visitors.

Related variables and glossary terms

Usual address one year ago indicator (UAI1P)

Definition

This variable indicates whether a person:

  • lived in the same address one year ago as their current usual residence
  • lived elsewhere in Australia one year ago
  • usually lived in another country one year ago

This variable when used with Usual address indicator Census night (UAICP), Usual address five years ago indicator (UAI5P), and additionally with Place of usual residence (PURP) data, shows migration patterns.

Scope

All persons aged one year and over

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Same as in 2021

2

Elsewhere in Australia

3

Overseas in 2020

&

Not stated

@

Not applicable

V

Overseas visitor 2021

Number of categories: 6

Not applicable (@) category comprises:

  • Persons aged under 1 year

Question(s) from the Census form

Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?
Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

Person's usual address one year ago

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

Example

Usual address one year ago indicator example - elsewhere in Australia response selected
Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

Person's usual address one year ago

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address) (selected response)

Fill in the address details
Apartment/Flat/Unit number (if any)
Street number
Street name
Suburb/Locality
State/Territory
Postcode

Other country

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?
Where did Person 1 usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2020, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

How this variable is created

This variable contains the response category answer to the question 'Where did the person usually live one year ago (at 10 August 2020)?'. The responses are captured automatically from mark box responses on the form.

Where the indicator mark boxes have been left blank by a respondent, but they have reported an address one year ago, UAI1P is derived based on the address reported. If the respondent does not report either the indicator or the address, they will be set to 'Not stated'. However, where a person who is aged under 16 years (i.e. they were aged under 15 years one year ago) does not respond to the usual address one year ago question, but their parent(s) did respond, their UAI1P is set to the same value as their parent.

History and changes

The question relating to the usual address one year ago was first asked in the 1976 Census and has been asked at every Census since.

In 2021, the categories with years have been updated to 2021 and the previous year of 2020. 

Data use considerations

There are no data use considerations for this variable.

Related variables and glossary terms

Usual address five years ago indicator (UAI5P)

Definition

This variable indicates whether a person:

  • lived in the same address five years ago as their current usual residence
  • lived elsewhere in Australia five years ago
  • usually lived in another country five years ago

This variable when used with Usual address census night indicator (UAICP), Usual address one year ago indicator (UAI1P), and also with Place of usual residence (PURP) data, shows migration patterns.

Scope

All persons aged five years and over

Categories

CodeCategory

1

Same as in 2021

2

Elsewhere in Australia

3

Overseas in 2016

&

Not stated

@

Not applicable

V

Overseas visitor 2021

Number of categories: 6

Not applicable (@) category comprises:

  • Persons aged under 5 years

Question(s) from the Census form

Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?
Where did Person 1 usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2016, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

Example

Usual address five years ago indicator example - elsewhere in Australia response selected
Where did Person 1 usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2016, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address) (selected response)

Fill in the address details
Apartment/Flat/Unit number (if any)
Street number
Street name
Suburb/Locality
State/Territory
Postcode

Other country

More Information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?
Where did Person 1 usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?

For people who had no usual address on 10 August 2016, select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and provide the address at which they were then living.

More information

If the complete address is not known, please provide as much of the address as possible.

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

How this variable is created

This variable is derived from the response category answer to the question on the 2021 Census forms which asks, 'Where did the person usually live five years ago (at 10 August 2016)?'. 

The responses to this question are captured automatically from mark box responses on the form. Where the indicator mark boxes have been left blank by a respondent but they have reported an address five years ago, UAI5P is derived based on the address reported. If the respondent does not report either the indicator or the address, they will be set to 'Not stated'. However, where a person who is aged under 20 years (i.e. they were aged under 15 years five years ago) does not respond to the usual address five years ago question, but their parent(s) did respond, their UAI5P is set to the same value as their parent.

History and changes

The question relating to usual address five years ago was first asked in the 1971 Census and has been asked at every Census since then.

In Censuses prior to 2011, there was a separate category for people who had the same address five years ago as for their address one year ago. This allowed users to differentiate between those people who lived at a different address five years ago and one year ago, compared with those who lived at the same address five years ago and one year ago. While the data is collected and processed in the same way, this information is no longer publicly available as it is merged with 'elsewhere in Australia' prior to release.

In 2021, the categories with years have been updated to 2021, the previous year of 2020 and 2016 for five years ago. 

Data use considerations

There are no data use considerations for this variable.

Related variables and glossary terms

Usual address indicator Census night (UAICP)

Definition

This variable indicates whether a person was at home or elsewhere on Census night. It contains the answer to the Census question about usual residence, which asks if the person usually lived:

  • at the address on the front of the Census form (where they were on Census night)
  • elsewhere in Australia
  • overseas.

In cases where a person did not state where they usually live, Usual address indicator Census night (UAICP) and Place of usual residence (PURP) are imputed. See Imputation flag for place of usual residence (IFPURP).

Scope

All persons

Categories

CodeCategory

1

At home

2

Elsewhere in Australia

V

Overseas visitor 2021

Number of categories: 3

Question(s) from the Census form

What is the address of this dwelling?

What is the address of this dwelling?
What is the address of this dwelling?

More information

Apartment/Flat/Unit number (if any)
Street number
Street name (examples: Graham Avenue, George Street)
Suburb/Locality
State/Territory
Postcode
Property/Building name (if any)

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: How did the person get to work on Tuesday 10 August 2021?
What is the address of this dwelling?

More information

For Norfolk Island and other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

Where does the person usually live?

Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

1 Smith Street Belconnen ACT 2617

Elsewhere in Australia (please specify address)

Other country

More information

Additional information relating to the question on: Where does the person usually live?
Where does Person 1 usually live?

For people who usually live in another country and who are visiting Australia for less than one year, select 'Other country'.

For other people, 'usually live' means the address at which the person has lived, or intends to live, for a total of six months or more in 2021.

For people who have no fixed or return address (for example, due to family conflict or eviction), select 'Elsewhere in Australia' and write 'None' in the 'Suburb/Locality' box.

For boarders at boarding school, provide the address of the boarding school or college.

More information

If the person is providing an address for 'Elsewhere in Australia' and they usually live in Norfolk Island or other external territories, such as Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Jervis Bay, please select 'Other external territory' in the State/Territory box.

How this variable is created

The data is largely captured from mark-box responses on the form, so the risk of processing error is low. Where the indicator mark boxes have been left blank by a respondent, but they have reported a usual address, UAICP is derived based on the address reported. Data may also be derived based on the relationship information reported on the form indicating that they are a visitor.

Usual residence data is a key demographic variable. If a person does not state where they usually live, UAICP and PURP are imputed.

History and changes

A question relating to usual residence was first asked in the 1971 Census and has been asked at every Census since.

The question was updated in 2021, instructional text was added to help people answer the question on usual address. Examples including ‘due to family conflict’ or ‘eviction’ were added to assist people who have no fixed or return usual address answer the question.

Data use considerations

This variable, when used with the following data shows migration patterns:

  • Usual address one year ago indicator (UAI1P)
  • Usual address five years ago indicator (UAI5P)
  • Place of usual residence (PURP)

Related variables and glossary terms