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This document was added or updated on 18/09/2018.
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population at 30 June 2016 had a younger age structure than the non-Indigenous population, with larger proportions of young people and smaller proportions of older people.This is reflective of higher fertility rates as well as higher mortality rates than the Non-Indigenous population. The median age of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population at 30 June 2016 was 23.0 years, compared to 37.8 years for the Non-Indigenous population.
ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER AND NON-INDIGENOUS POPULATION - 30 JUNE 2016
States and territories
Of the states and territories, the largest populations of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians lived in New South Wales (265,700 people) and Queensland (221,400 people). The smallest population of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians lived in The Australian Capital Territory (7,500 people). In 2016, about three quarters of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population lived in New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia combined.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians comprised 30% of the population of the Northern Territory, the highest proportion of any state or territory.
At 30 June 2016, over one-third of all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people lived in Major Cities of Australia (298,400 people), compared with around three-quarters of the Non-Indigenous population (17,013,400). A further 189,400 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (24%) and 4,153,900 Non-Indigenous people (18%) lived in Inner Regional Australia.
There were 161,800 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (20%) who lived in Outer Regional Australia compared with 1,879,100 Non-Indigenous people (8.0%). The 53,500 remaining Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (7%) lived in Remote Australia and Very Remote Australia (95,200 or 12.0%), while 239,900 Non-Indigenous people (1.0%) lived in Remote Australia and 106,300 or 0.5% in very remote Australia.
ABOUT THIS RELEASE
The estimates of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous populations presented in this publication are based on 2016 Census of Population and Housing counts adjusted for net undercount as measured by the Post Enumeration Survey. The extent of undercoverage of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in the 2016 Census and the relatively small sample size of the Post Enumeration Survey to adjust for that undercoverage means the estimates should be interpreted with a degree of caution.
Description of the methods used to produce the estimates are contained in the technical note in this product.
Single year of age population estimates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples for 30 June 2016 should be used with additional caution. The estimates are subject to errors that cannot be comprehensively adjusted for within the population estimates compilation process, given the limited ability to estimate Census undercount by Indigenous status and other demographic characteristics. Features present in single year of age Census counts may be likely to appear in population estimates even after adjustments for undercount and other factors have been applied. The ABS recommends that five year age groups should be used in preference to single year of age data wherever possible, particularly for states and territories with relatively small Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations.
For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070.
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