Latest release

Gross value added

Australian System of National Accounts: Concepts, Sources and Methods
Reference period
2020-21 financial year

21.177    Annual state by industry splits of GVA are produced using a top-down output indicator approach. National industry estimates of GVA are apportioned across states and territories using indicators of output. For each industry division, except Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing, the national ratio of output to intermediate use is assumed to be equal across states and territories.

Annual state by industry gross value added

21.178    Indicators of output are predominantly based on state by industry subdivision sales data from the Economic Activity Survey (EAS). Other data are used as indicators where they are more relevant or where EAS is not available.

21.179    The following tables provide additional detail on the method and data sources used to estimate GVA, in current price values and volumes.

Table 21.41 Gross value added by industry - Manufacturing (ANZSIC Division C), Wholesale Trade (Division F), Accommodation and Food Services (Division H), Information Media and Telecommunications (Division J), Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services (Division L), Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (Division M), Administrative and Support Services (Division N), and Other Services (Division S)
ItemComment
Method

 

 

State estimates of GVA by SUIC industry are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) estimates of output across states and territories using relevant indicators. Total intermediate use (TIU) is calculated by holding the national ratio of output to TIU fixed across states and territories. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU. Industry division estimates are calculated as the sum of relevant SUIC industry estimates.

\(\Large state \space output_{SUIC}= national \space output_{SUIC} \times \Big ( \frac{state \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}}{national \space output \space indicator_{SUIC} }\Big)\)

\(\Large state \space TIU_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC} ×\Big(\frac{ national \space TIU_{SUIC}}{national \space output_{SUIC} } \Big)\)

\(\Large state\space GVA_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC}-state \space TIU_{SUIC}\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{industry \space division}=\sum \limits_{SUIC}(state \space GVA_{SUIC} ) \)

Estimates in current prices are deflated using national level price indices, and chained, to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Output indicator
 Current year

 

 

Sales data from the Quarterly Business Indicators Survey (QBIS) is used to extrapolate forward EAS sales data. Those extrapolated values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 2006-07 to reference year 

 

 

Sales data from the Economic Activity Survey (EAS) is used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 Prior to 2006-07

 

 

QBIS sales data is used to backcast EAS sales data from 2006-07. Those backcasted values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Deflation
 2001-02 to current year

 

 

National price indices by SUIC industry are used to deflate estimates of output by industry and state.

The price indices used are the same as those used to derive volume estimates in QBIS.

Prior to 2001-02
 Current price values and volume estimates

 

 

For values prior to 2001-02, output indicators were estimated consistent with the source data and methods outlined in the 2015 version of this Concepts, Source and Methods publication. Those estimates are used to backcast the output indicators from 2001-02 (for both current price values and chain volume measures). Those backcasted values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Table 21.42 Gross value added by industry for Agriculture (ANZSIC subdivision 01)
ItemComment
Method

 

 

State estimates of output and intermediate use by SUIC industry are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) estimates of output across states and territories using product level indicators. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU. Industry division estimates are calculated as the sum of relevant SUIC industry estimates.

\(\Large state \space output_{SUIC}= national \space output_{SUIC} × \sum \limits _{Product} \frac{\space state \space output \space indicator_{product}}{national \space output \space indicator_{product} }\)

\(\Large state \space TIU_{SUIC}= national \space TIU_{SUIC} × \sum \limits _{Product} \frac{\space state \space output \space indicator_{product}}{national \space output \space indicator_{product} }\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC}-state \space TIU_{SUIC}\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{subdivision01}=\sum \limits_{SUIC}(state \space GVA_{SUIC} ) \)

Agricultural output at state level is compiled for the following products:

  • livestock
  • milk, eggs, and honey
  • wool
  • cereal grains
  • barley, oats, rice, sorghum & cereal grains n.e.c.
  • other grains n.e.c.
  • fodder & grass
  • plants & flowers
  • sugar cane
  • other agriculture (includes cotton, wine grapes and hops).

Volume estimates of output are calculated by quantity revaluing CPV estimates using the quantity of output. Selected products of intermediate use are calculated by quantity revaluing CPV estimates. Other selected products are price deflated using mainly producer price indexes.

State estimates of quantity by product are calculated using the same top-down approach as for the CPV estimates. The resulting volume series are chained, to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Output indicator - Current price value and volume estimates 
 Current year

 

 

Latest year estimates are produced using output indicators derived from the Agricultural Commodities report published by Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES).

 2001-02 to reference year

 

 

Detailed commodity data is available from Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia

Intermediate use indicator – Current price value and volume estimates
 Current year

 

 

Latest year estimates are produced using output indicators derived from the Agricultural Commodities report published by Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES).

 Prior to current year

 

 

Marketing costs are derived from Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia. Costs are compiled at a product level. To derive volume estimates, marketing costs are quantity revalued using output quantity indicators.

Seed costs indicator is derived from ABARES data on agricultural commodity sowing areas as the indicator. Fodder costs are derived using livestock output as the indicator. To derive volume indicators, manufactured fodder is deflated using relevant national prices indexes from the Producer price Indexes. Hay is quantity revalued using data from Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced.

Other input costs such as chemicals, electricity, fuel and maintenance are apportioned across states using ABARES data. Volume estimates for fertiliser is derived using a national deflator which is derived by revaluing national fertiliser costs. For other input costs, current price value estimates are deflated using the relevant national level component price indices published in the Agricultural Commodities report by ABARES.

Table 21.43 Gross value added by industry for Forestry, fishing and agricultural support services (ANZSIC subdivisions 02-05)
ItemComment
Method

 

 

State estimates of output and intermediate use by SUIC industry are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) estimates of output across states and territories using product level indicators. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU. Industry division estimates are calculated as the sum of relevant SUIC industry estimates.

 \(\Large state \space output_{SUIC}= national \space output_{SUIC} × \sum \limits_{Product} \frac{\space state \space output \space indicator_{product}}{national \space output \space indicator_{product} }\)

\(\Large state \space TIU_{SUIC}= national \space TIU_{SUIC} × \sum \limits _{Product} \frac{\space state \space output \space indicator_{product}}{national \space output \space indicator_{product} }\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC}-state \space TIU_{SUIC}\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{subdivision02-05}=\sum \limits _{SUIC}(state \space GVA_{SUIC} ) \)

Volume estimates of output are calculated by quantity revaluing CPV estimates using the quantity of output. Volume estimates of intermediate use is apportioned across states using proportions of intermediate use volumes derived by deflating current price values using output prices.

State estimates of quantity by product are calculated using the same top-down approach as for the CPV estimates. The resulting volume series are chained, to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Output indicator - Current price value and volume estimates
Series span
 Forestry and logging
  Current price values of output are estimated based on the production values of softwood and hardwood sourced from ABARES. Volume estimates are derived by quantity revaluing the current price value of output, using production quantities of softwood and hardwood sourced from ABARES
 Fishing and aquaculture
  The value of commodities including prawns, lobster, abalone, scallops, oyster, tuna, other fish by state are sourced from ABARES data. Volume estimates are derived by quantity revaluing the current price value of output, using quantity date from ABARES, including aquaculture output.
Intermediate use indicator – Current price value and volume estimates
Series span Agricultural, Forestry and Fishing Support Services output is the indicator for intermediate use in current price and volume estimates.
Table 21.44 Gross value added by industry for Mining (Division B)
ItemComment
Method

 

 

Subdivisions 06, 07, 08 and 09: State estimates of GVA by SUIC industry are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) estimates of output across states and territories using commodity level indicators. Total intermediate use (TIU) is calculated by holding the national ratio of output to TIU fixed across states and territories. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU. ANZSIC division estimates are calculated as the sum of relevant SUIC industry estimates.

\(\Large state \space output_{SUIC}= national \space output_{SUIC} × \sum \limits _{commodity} \frac{ state \space output \space indicator_{Commodity}}{national \space output \space indicator_{Commodity}}\)

\(\Large state \space TIU_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{national \space TIU_{SUIC}}{national \space output_{SUIC} } \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC}-state \space TIU_{SUIC}\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{DivB}=\sum \limits _{SUIC}(state \space GVA_{SUIC} ) \)

Volume estimates of output are calculated by quantity revaluing CPV estimates using the quantity of output by commodity. State estimates of quantity by commodity are calculated using the same top-down approach as for the CPV estimates. The resulting volume series are chained, to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Subdivision 10: Compiled using the same method as the majority of industry divisions (as listed in an earlier table).

Output indicator
Subdivisions 06-09
 2001-02 to current year

 

 

Mining commodities data collected from state and territory government is used to apportion national value and quantity estimates across states and territories.

Subdivision 10
 Current year

 

 

 

Sales data from the Quarterly Business Indicators Survey (QBIS) is used to extrapolate forward EAS sales data. Those extrapolated values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 2006-07 to reference year 

 

 

Sales data from the Economic Activity Survey (EAS) is used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 Prior to 2006-07

 

 

QBIS sales data is used to backcast EAS data from 2006-07. Those backcasted values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Deflation (subdivision 10)
 2001-02 to current year

 

 

National price indices for subdivision 10 are used to deflate CPV estimates of state output.

Prior to 2001-02
 Current price value and volume estimates

 

 

For values prior to 2001-02, output indicators were estimated consistent with the source data and methods outlined in the 2015 version of this Concepts, Source and Methods publication. Those estimates are used to backcast the output indicators from 2001-02 (for both current price values and chain volume measures). The backcasted values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Table 21.45 Gross value added by industry for Electricity, gas, water and waste services (Division D)
ItemComment
Method

 

 

State estimates of GVA by SUIC industry are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) estimates of output across states and territories using relevant indicators. Total intermediate use (TIU) is calculated by holding the national ratio of output to TIU fixed across states and territories. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU. ANZSIC division estimates are calculated as the sum of relevant SUIC industry estimates.

 \(\Large state \space output_{SUIC}= national \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{ state \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}}{national \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}} \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space TIU_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{national \space TIU_{SUIC}}{national \space output_{SUIC} } \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC}-state \space TIU_{SUIC}\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{DivD}=\sum \limits _{SUIC}(state \space GVA_{SUIC} ) \)

CPV estimates are deflated using national level price indices, and chained, to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Output indicator
 Current year

 

 

Sales data from the Quarterly Business Indicators Survey (QBIS), in conjunction with sales data for the public non-financial corporation sector sourced from Government Finance Statistics (GFS), is used to extrapolate forward EAS sales data. Those extrapolated values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 2006-07 to reference year 

 

 

Sales data from the Economic Activity Survey (EAS) in conjunction with sales data for the general government sector sourced from GFS (for subdivisions 28 and 29), is used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 Prior to 2006-07

 

 

QBIS and GFS sales data is used to backcast EAS data from 2006-07. Those backcasted values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Deflation
 2001-02 to current year

 

 

National price indices by SUIC industry are used to deflate CPV estimates of state output. The price indices used are the same as those used to derive volume estimates in QBIS.

Prior to 2001-02
 Current price values and volume estimates

 

 

For values prior to 2001-02, output indicators were estimated consistent with the source data and methods outlined in the 2015 version of this Concepts, Source and Methods publication. Those estimates are used to backcast the output indicators from 2001-02 (for both current price values and chain volume measures). Those backcasted values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Table 21.46 Gross value added by industry for Construction (Division E)
ItemComment
Method  

 

 

State estimates of GVA by SUIC industry are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) estimates of output across states and territories using relevant indicators. Total intermediate use (TIU) is calculated by holding the national ratio of output to TIU fixed across states and territories. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU. ANZSIC division estimates are calculated as the sum of relevant SUIC industry estimates.

\(\Large state \space output_{SUIC}= national \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{ state \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}}{national \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}} \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space TIU_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{national \space TIU_{SUIC}}{national \space output_{SUIC} } \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC}-state \space TIU_{SUIC}\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{DivE}=\sum \limits_{SUIC}(state \space GVA_{SUIC} ) \)

CPV estimates are deflated using state and national level price indices, and chained, to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Output indicator
Subdivisions 30 and 31
 Series span

 

 

Quarterly estimates of gross fixed capital formation, that are conceptually aligned to the subdivisions, are annualised, and aggregated, then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Subdivision 32
 Current year

 

 

Sales data from the Quarterly Business Indicators Survey (QBIS) is used to extrapolate forward EAS sales data. Those extrapolated values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 2006-07 to reference year

 

 

Sales data from the Economic Activity Survey (EAS) is used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 2001-02 to 2005-06

 

 

QBIS sales data is used to backcast EAS data from 2006-07. Those backcasted values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 Prior to 2001-02

 

 

For values prior to 2001-02, output indicators were estimated consistent with the source data and methods outlined in the 2015 version of this Concepts, Source and Methods publication. Those estimates are used to backcast the output indicators from 2001-02 (for both current price values and chain volume measures). Those backcasted values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Deflation
Subdivisions 30 and 31

 

 

State and territory construction price information is used to deflate CPV estimates of state output through the entire time series.

Subdivision 32

 

 

National price indices by SUIC industry are used to deflate CPV estimates of state output from 2001-02 to current year. In the back series, historical volume estimates are used to backcast CPV estimates of state and territory output.

Table 21.47 Gross value added by industry for Retail trade (Division G)
ItemComment
Method

 

 

State estimates of GVA for the industry division are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) estimates of output across states and territories using relevant indicators. Total intermediate use (TIU) is calculated by holding the national ratio of output to TIU fixed across states and territories. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU.

 \(\Large state \space output_{DivG}= national \space output_{DivG} × \Big( \frac{ state \space output \space indicator_{DivG}}{national \space output \space indicator_{DivG}} \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space TIU_{DivG}=state \space output_{DivG} × \Big( \frac{national \space TIU_{DivG}}{national \space output_{DivG} } \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{DivG}=state \space output_{DivG}-state \space TIU_{DivG}\)

CPV estimates are deflated using state level price indices, and chained, to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Output indicator
 Current year

 

 

Sales data from the Retail Trade Survey is combined with HFCE data on motor vehicle purchases and motor vehicle operations expenses, and is used to extrapolate forward EAS sales data. Those extrapolated values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 2006-07 to reference year  

 

 

Sales data from the Economic Activity Survey (EAS) is used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 Prior to 2006-07

 

 

The combined Retail Trade and HFCE data is used to backcast EAS data from 2006-07. Those backcasted values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Deflation
Series span

 

 

State price indices for the division are used to deflate CPV estimates of state output. The price indices used are the same as those used to derive volume estimates for the Retail Trade survey.

Table 21.48 Gross value added by industry for Transport, postal and warehousing (Division I)
ItemComment
Method

 

 

State estimates of GVA by SUIC industry are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) estimates of output across states and territories using relevant indicators. Total intermediate use (TIU) is calculated by holding the national ratio of output to TIU fixed across states and territories. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU. Industry division estimates are calculated as the sum of relevant SUIC industry estimates.

\(\Large state \space output_{SUIC}= national \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{ state \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}}{national \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}} \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space TIU_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{national \space TIU_{SUIC}}{national \space output_{SUIC} } \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC}-state \space TIU_{SUIC}\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{DivI}=\sum \limits_{SUIC}(state \space GVA_{SUIC} ) \)

CPV estimates are deflated or quantity revalued using national level price indices or quantity data, and chained, to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Output indicator
 Current year

 

 

Sales data from the Quarterly Business Indicators Survey (QBIS) is used to extrapolate forward EAS sales data. Those extrapolated values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 2006-07 to reference year  

 

 

Sales data from the Economic Activity Survey (EAS) is used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 Prior to 2006-07

 

 

QBIS sales data is used to backcast EAS data from 2006-07. Those backcasted values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Deflation and quantity revaluation
 Subdivisions 48 and 49

 

 

State quantity information, for water and air transport, published by the Bureau of Infrastructure and Transport Research Economics (BITRE) is used to quantity revalue CPV estimates of state output.

 Other subdivisions

 

 

National price indices by SUIC industry are used to deflate CPV estimates of state output.

Prior to 2001-02
 Current price values and volume estimates

 

 

For values prior to 2001-02, output indicators were estimated consistent with the source data and methods outlined in the 2015 version of this Concepts, Source and Methods publication. Those estimates are used to backcast the output indicators from 2001-02. This applies to all subdivisions for current price values, and for chain volume measures except in the case of subdivisions 48 and 49 where the availability of BITRE quantity information removes the need to backcast volume data.

Those backcasted values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Table 21.49 Gross value added by industry for Financial and insurance services (Division K)
ItemComment
Method

 

State estimates of GVA by SUIC industry are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) and volume estimates of output across states and territories using relevant indicators. Total intermediate use (TIU) is calculated by holding the national ratio of output to TIU fixed across states and territories. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU. Industry division estimates are calculated as the sum of relevant SUIC industry estimates.

 \(\Large state \space output_{SUIC}= national \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{ state \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}}{national \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}} \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space TIU_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{national \space TIU_{SUIC}}{national \space output_{SUIC} } \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC}-state \space TIU_{SUIC}\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{DivK}=\sum \limits _{SUIC}(state \space GVA_{SUIC} ) \)

The volume estimates are chained to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Output indicator
Series span

 

Estimates of hours worked from the Labour Force Survey are used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Table 21.50 Gross value added by industry for Public administration and safety (Division O)
ItemComment
Method

 

 

State estimates of GVA by SUIC industry are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) estimates of output across states and territories using relevant indicators. Total intermediate use (TIU) is calculated by holding the national ratio of output to TIU fixed across states and territories. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU. Industry division estimates are calculated as the sum of relevant SUIC industry estimates.

\(\Large state \space output_{SUIC}= national \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{ state \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}}{national \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}} \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space TIU_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{national \space TIU_{SUIC}}{national \space output_{SUIC} } \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC}-state \space TIU_{SUIC}\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{DivO}=\sum \limits_{SUIC}(state \space GVA_{SUIC} ) \)

CPV estimates are deflated using national level price indices, and chained, to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Output indicator
 1997-98 to Current year

 

 

General government production by state is estimated on a cost basis. Industry estimates of government final consumption expenditure (GFCE) from Government Finance Statistics (GFS) are used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 Prior to 1997-98  (secondary data source)

 

 

For values prior to 1997-98, output indicators were estimated consistent with the source data and methods outlined in the 2015 version of this Concepts, Source and Methods publication. Those estimates are used to backcast the output indicators from 1997-98. Those backcasted values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Deflation
 Series span

    

 

National price indices by division or SUIC industry are used to deflate CPV estimates of state output.

Table 21.51 Gross value added by industry for Education and training (Division P)
ItemComment
Method

 

 

State estimates of GVA by SUIC industry are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) estimates of output across states and territories using relevant indicators. Total intermediate use (TIU) is calculated by holding the national ratio of output to TIU fixed across states and territories. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU. Industry division estimates are calculated as the sum of relevant SUIC industry estimates.

\(\Large state \space output_{SUIC}= national \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{ state \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}}{national \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}} \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space TIU_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{national \space TIU_{SUIC}}{national \space output_{SUIC} } \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC}-state \space TIU_{SUIC}\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{DivP}=\sum \limits _{SUIC}(state \space GVA_{SUIC} ) \)

CPV estimates for subdivision 80 and 81 are quantity revalued using state-based quantity information, and for subdivision 82 are deflated using national level price indices. The resulting volume estimates are chained to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Output indicator
Subdivisions 80 and 81
 Series span

 

 

General government production by state is estimated on a cost basis. Industry estimates of government final consumption expenditure (GFCE) from the Government Finance Statistics (GFS) collection are used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Subdivision 82
 Current year

 

 

Expenditure data from GFS is used to extrapolate forward EAS sales data. Those extrapolated values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 2006-07 to reference year

 

 

Sales data from the Economic Activity Survey (EAS) is used to apportion national output across states and territories

 Prior to 2006-07

 

 

For values prior to 2006-07, output indicators were estimated consistent with the source data and methods outlined in the 2015 version of this Concepts, Source and Methods publication. Those estimates are used to backcast the output indicators from 2006-07. Those backcasted values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Deflation and quantity revaluation
 Subdivisions 80 and 81

 

 

State quantity information, for primary, secondary and tertiary student enrolments, is used to quantity revalue CPV estimates of state output. The student numbers are sourced from the ABS Schools publication, the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), and the Commonwealth Department of Education, Skills and Employment.

 Subdivision 82

    

 

A national price index for subdivision 82 is used to deflate CPV estimates of state output.

Table 21.52 Gross value added by industry for Health care and social assistance (Division Q)
ItemComment
Method

 

 

State estimates of GVA by SUIC industry are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) estimates of output across states and territories using relevant indicators. Total intermediate use (TIU) is calculated by holding the national ratio of output to TIU fixed across states and territories. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU. Industry division estimates are calculated as the sum of relevant SUIC industry estimates.

\(\Large state \space output_{SUIC}= national \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{ state \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}}{national \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}} \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space TIU_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{national \space TIU_{SUIC}}{national \space output_{SUIC} } \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC}-state \space TIU_{SUIC}\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{DivQ}=\sum \limits _{SUIC}(state \space GVA_{SUIC} ) \)

CPV estimates are deflated using state level price indices, and chained, to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Output indicator
Subdivision 84
 Current year

 

 

Medicare data from the Commonwealth Department of Health is used to extrapolate forward the output indicators. Those extrapolated values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 Prior to current year

 

 

 

Industry estimates of government final consumption expenditure (GFCE) from the Government Finance Statistics (GFS) collection are used to apportion national public sector output across states and territories.

Data from the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) is used to apportion national private sector output across states and territories.

The sector data is combined to form aggregate output indicators.

Subdivision 85
 Series span

 

 

Medicare data from the Commonwealth Department of Health is used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Subdivisions 86 and 87
 Current year

 

 

Population data from the ABS National, State and Territory Population publication is used to extrapolate forward GFS expenditure data. Those extrapolated values are then used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 Prior to current year

 

 

Industry estimates of government final consumption expenditure (GFCE) from the Government Finance Statistics (GFS) collection are used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Deflation
 Series span

 

 

State price indices by SUIC industry are used to deflate CPV estimates of state output.

Table 21.53 Gross value added by industry for Arts and recreation services (division R)
ItemComment
Method

 

 

State estimates of GVA by SUIC industry are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) estimates of output across states and territories using relevant indicators. Total intermediate use (TIU) is calculated by holding the national ratio of output to TIU fixed across states and territories. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU. Industry division estimates are calculated as the sum of relevant SUIC industry estimates.

\(\Large state \space output_{SUIC}= national \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{ state \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}}{national \space output \space indicator_{SUIC}} \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space TIU_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC} × \Big( \frac{national \space TIU_{SUIC}}{national \space output_{SUIC} } \Big)\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{SUIC}=state \space output_{SUIC}-state \space TIU_{SUIC}\)

\(\Large state \space GVA_{DivR}=\sum \limits _{SUIC}(state \space GVA_{SUIC} ) \)

CPV estimates are deflated using state level price indices, and chained, to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Output indicator
 Current year

 

 

Sales data from the Quarterly Business Indicators Survey is used to extrapolate forward EAS sales data. Expenditure data for the general government sector, sourced from Government Finance Statistics (GFS), is added to derive output indicators which are used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 2006-07 to reference year 

 

 

Sales data from the Economic Activity Survey (EAS), in conjunction with expenditure data for the general government sector, sourced from GFS, is used to apportion national output across states and territories.

 Prior to 2005-06

 

 

QBIS sales data is used to backcast EAS data from 2006-07. Expenditure data for the general government sector, sourced from GFS, is added to derive output indicators which are used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Deflation
 2001-02 to current year

 

 

National price indices by SUIC industry are used to deflate CPV estimates of state output. The price indices used are the same as those used to derive volume estimates in QBIS.

Prior to 2001-02
 Current price values and volume estimates

 

 

For values prior to 2001-02, output indicators were estimated consistent with the source data and methods outlined in the 2015 version of this Concepts, Source and Methods publication. Those estimates are used to backcast the output indicators from 2001-02 (for both current price values and chain volume measures). Those backcasted values are used to apportion national output across states and territories.

Table 21.54 Gross value added by industry for ownership of dwellings
ItemComment
Method

 

 

State estimates of GVA for ownership of dwellings are calculated by apportioning national current price value (CPV) and volume estimates of output across states and territories using relevant indicators. Total intermediate use (TIU) is calculated by holding the national ratio of output to TIU fixed across states and territories. GVA is derived as the difference between output and TIU.

\(\Large state \space output= national \space output × \frac{state \space output \space indicator}{national \space output \space indicator}\)

\(\Large state \space TIU=state \space output × \frac{national \space TIU}{national \space output}\)

\(\Large state \space GVA=state \space output - state \space TIU\)

The volume estimates are chained, to produce chain volume measures of output, TIU and GVA.

Output indicator
 Series span

 

 

Volumes and current price values of imputed and actual rent are sourced from household final consumption expenditure (HFCE) estimates. These estimates are used to apportion national output across states and territories.