Government Finance Statistics, Australia

Latest release

Statistics about finances of the general government and public non-financial corporations sectors for the various levels of government in Australia

Reference period
September 2022
Released
6/12/2022
  • Next Release 28/02/2023
    Government Finance Statistics, Australia, December 2022
  • Next Release 6/06/2023
    Government Finance Statistics, Australia, March 2023
  • View all releases

Key statistics

In September quarter 2022:

  • taxation revenue fell 16.6% to $160.5b
  • general government net operating balance fell $28.2b to -$15.0b
  • general government borrowing was $25.3b
  • total public demand is expected to detract 0.2 ppt from the quarterly change in GDP

Unless indicated, all figures presented in this publication are current prices, original series.

One article is included in this release:

Government finance statistics fiscal measures

Government finance statistics fiscal measures, original
 Dec Qtr 2021Mar Qtr 2022Jun Qtr 2022Sep Qtr 2022Jun Qtr 2022 to
Sep Qtr 2022
$m$m$m$m% change
Taxation revenue
 General government178,594168,280192,541160,515-16.6%
Total revenue
 General government211,094204,351233,458200,250-14.2%
 Public non-financial corporations23,95225,39728,86526,489-8.2%
Total expenses
 General government216,443206,255220,268215,274-2.3%
 Public non-financial corporations24,80525,75828,69927,112-5.5%
GFS Net Operating Balance
 General government-5,350-1,90413,189-15,024np
 Public non-financial corporations-853-361166-623np
GFS Net Lending (+)/Borrowing (-)
 General government-16,061-12,656-8,408-25,284np
 Public non-financial corporations-3,752-2,093-3,659-2,675np

np indicates this value not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

  1. original, current prices

National accounts public sector measures

The table below includes the key public sector aggregates for September quarter 2022 which will be included in the Australian National Accounts: National Income, Expenditure and Product. The key figures shown include Total Public Demand, Government Final Consumption Expenditure for total general government and Gross Fixed Capital Formation for total general government and total public corporations, seasonally adjusted in current prices and chain volume terms.

The following are the seasonally adjusted chain volume measures based on the previous quarter:

  • public sector demand is expected to detract 0.2 percentage points from the change in GDP in September quarter 2022
  • general government final consumption expenditure increased by $109m or 0.1% and is expected to contribute 0.0 percentage points to the change in GDP in September quarter 2022
  • general government gross fixed capital formation decreased by $1137m or 5.0%
  • public corporations gross fixed capital formation increased by $171m or 2.7%
  • total public gross fixed capital formation decreased by $966m or 3.4% and is expected to detract 0.2 percentage points from the change in GDP in September quarter 2022
Quarterly national accounts public sector measures, seasonally adjusted
   Dec Qtr 2021Mar Qtr 2022Jun Qtr 2022Sep Qtr 2022Jun Qtr 2022
to
Sep Qtr 2022
   $m$m$m$m% change
CURRENT PRICES
General government final consumption expenditure (b)
 National-defence10,58711,45111,37811,5891.9
 National-non-defence47,19549,45649,96249,439-1.0
 Total national57783609076134061,029-0.5
 State and local67,65268,81768,75970,0331.9
 Total general government final consumption expenditure125,434129,723130,099131,0620.7
Public gross fixed capital formation
 General government
  National-defence2,4902,7963,0822,725-11.6
  National-non-defence2,7242,7432,7412,530-7.7
  Total national5,2145,5395,8235,255-9.8
  State and local16,19716,77518,31718,222-0.5
  Total general government21,41122,31424,14023,477-2.7
 Public corporations
  Commonwealth1,5791,4741,6681,7816.8
  State and local4,6474,9655,1225,3364.2
  Total public corporations6,2266,4396,7907,1174.8
 Total public gross fixed capital formation27,63728,75430,93030,594-1.1
Total public demand153,071158,477161,028161,6560.4
Memorandum item
 Net purchases of second hand assets by public sector5035761,299326np
 Public authorities changes in inventories (c)1,1091,3801,735-672np
 
CHAIN VOLUME (d)
General government final consumption expenditure
 National-defence10,20810,91810,70910,7960.8
 National-non-defence46,46648,39048,54548,043-1.0
 Total national56,67459,30959,25458,839-0.7
 State and local66,10366,73165,96966,4930.8
 Total general government final consumption expenditure122,777126,039125,223125,3320.1
Public gross fixed capital formation
 General government
  National-defence2,4282,6702,9012,470-14.9
  National-non-defence2,6642,6522,5992,379-8.5
  Total national5,0925,3235,4994,848-11.8
  State and local15,71415,96317,05916,572-2.9
  Total general government20,80721,28522,55821,421-5.0
 Public corporations
  Commonwealth1,5321,4061,5541,6264.6
  State and local4,4704,6754,7054,8042.1
  Total public corporations6,0026,0826,2596,4302.7
 Total public gross fixed capital formation26,80927,36728,81727,851-3.4
Total public demand149,585153,406154,040153,182-0.6
Memorandum item
 Net purchases of second hand assets by public sector4835431,201289np
 Public authorities changes in inventories (c)5581,685940-360np

— nil or rounded to zero
np indicates this value not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(b) See Explanatory Notes for the relationship between general government final consumption expenditure and GFS aggregates
(c) Includes general government, public non-financial corporations and public financial corporations
(d) Reference year for chain volume measures in 2020-21 = 100.0

Public demand contribution to GDP growth

  1. Chain volume measures seasonally adjusted
  2. using the GDP series as published in the June 2022 release of Australian National Accounts: National Income, Expenditure and Product

Revisions and changes

Accounting standard changes

From 1 July 2019, government financial reporting implemented the following Australian Accounting Standards Board (AASB) standard changes:

  • Leases (AASB 16)
  • Revenue recognition (AASB 15 & 1058)
  • Service Concession Arrangements (AASB 1059)

GFS outputs are consistent with the historical treatments, which has resulted in increased divergences between economic statistics publications and government financial reporting.

Revisions

Statistical revisions are carried out regularly in Government Finance Statistics to reflect the most current information and data available.

Non-government school education revision

The ABS has reclassified payments to non-government schools in the quarterly GFS and the National Accounts in September quarter 2022. The ABS recognises:

  • non-government schools as market producers (market, non-profit institutions)
  • government payments to non-government schools as the purchase of a service on behalf of households

Under the previous classification:

  • non-government schools were classified as non-market Non-Profit Institutions Serving Households (NPISH)
  • government payments to non-government schools were classified as a transfer to households

This has resulted in a reclassification to benefits to households in goods and services in GFS and social transfers in kind in National Accounts. Commonwealth and state government financial reporting will continue to separately recognise their funding contributions to non-government schools. This reclassification was also applied in the GFS 2020-21 annual release and the National Accounts 2021-22 release.

Divergences with government fiscal reporting

In addition to changes arising from the non-government school education revision, other divergences between state and commonwealth government financial reporting and GFS may occur because of conceptual determinations and timing recognition differences, to ensure alignment with economic activity as measured across ABS macroeconomic statistics.

These differences primarily impact:

  • measures of government subsidies and other support payments to businesses and households
  • non-employee expenses
  • change in inventories
  • taxation revenue

Coronavirus (COVID-19)

COVID-19 impacted a range of Government Finance Statistics series since December quarter 2019.  As new government policies were announced, the key policies and conceptual determinations were discussed in articles such as Economic measurement during COVID-19: Selected issues in the Economic Accounts, with a quarterly update series, such as Classifying COVID-19 policy interventions during September quarter 2021 in macroeconomic statistics.

Given that the volume of new policies since September quarter 2021 has slowed, this article has been discontinued. The ABS continues to undertake extensive consultation with stakeholders and subject matter experts to determine the appropriate classification for new government policies. The classifications of selected new policies across Commonwealth and State and Territory levels of government are included in the September quarter 2022 Insights article.

Previous catalogue number

This release previously used catalogue number 5519.0.55.001.

Data downloads

Government Finance Statistics, Australia

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