Latest release

National, state and territory population

Statistics about the population and components of change (births, deaths, migration) for Australia and its states and territories

Reference period
June 2021
Released
16/12/2021
  • Next Release 17/03/2022
    National, state and territory population, September 2021
  • Next Release 22/09/2022
    National, state and territory population, March 2022
  • Next Release 15/12/2022
    National, state and territory population, June 2022
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Key statistics

  • Australia’s population was 25,739,256 people at 30 June 2021.
  • The quarterly growth was 34,300 people (0.1%).
  • The annual growth was 46,000 people (0.2%).
  • Annual natural increase was 134,800 and net overseas migration was -88,800.

National

Annual population change

In the year ending 30 June 2021, Australia's population grew by 46,000 people (0.2%).

  1. Annual growth calculated at the end of each quarter.
  2. All data after 30 June 2016 is subject to revision.

Australia's population growth is comprised of natural increase (births minus deaths) and net overseas migration (migration arrivals minus migration departures).

Components of quarterly population change

In the June 2021 quarter, natural increase:

  • was 36,700 people
  • increased by 1,000 people since the previous quarter
     

In the June 2021 quarter, net overseas migration:

  • was -2,300 people
  • increased by 12,100 people since the previous quarter
     

Components of annual population change

In the year ending 30 June 2021, natural increase:

  • was 134,800 people
  • decreased by 100 people (0%) since the previous year

 

In the year ending 30 June 2021, net overseas migration:

  • was -88,800 people
  • decreased by 281,500 people (146.1%) since the previous year
  1. Annual components calculated at the end of each quarter.

Births and deaths

Births

In the year ending 30 June 2021:

  • there were 298,000 births
  • births decreased by 1,400 (0.5%) since the previous year
     

Deaths

In the year ending 30 June 2021:

  • there were 163,200 deaths
  • deaths decreased by 1,300 (0.8%) since the previous year
     

Overseas migration arrivals and departures

Overseas migration arrivals

In the year ending 30 June 2021:

  • there were 145,800 people immigrating to Australia
  • arrivals decreased by 361,000 people (71.2%) since the previous year
     

Overseas migration departures

In the year ending 30 June 2021:

  • there were 234,600 people emigrating from Australia
  • departures decreased by 79,600 people (25.3%) since the previous year

States and territories

Annual population change

  • Most states and territories had positive population growth over the year ending 30 June 2021.
  • Queensland had the highest growth rate (0.9%).
  • Victoria had the only negative growth rate (-0.7%).
 Population at 30 Jun 2021 ('000)Change over previous year ('000)Change over previous year (%)
New South Wales8189.322.20.3
Victoria6649.2-44.7-0.7
Queensland5221.245.90.9
South Australia1773.23.00.2
Western Australia2681.617.40.7
Tasmania541.50.90.2
Northern Territory246.30.10.0
Australian Capital Territory432.31.10.2
Australia (a)25739.346.00.2

a. Includes Other Territories comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Christmas Island, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.

State and territory population change is comprised of natural increase, net overseas migration, and net interstate migration (interstate arrivals minus interstate departures).

Components of annual population change

For the year ending 30 June 2021:

  • natural increase was the major contributor to population change in New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory
  • net interstate migration was the major contributor to population change in Queensland.
  • net overseas migration was the major contributor to change in Victoria.
     

Natural increase by state and territory

 NSWVic.QldSAWATas.NTACT
Births97,72870,65461,38119,31233,7725,8673,7905,420
Deaths53,33940,96532,02913,77215,3024,5291,1452,102
Natural increase44,38929,68929,3525,54018,4701,3382,6453,318

Net overseas migration by state and territory

 NSWVic.QldSAWATas.NTACT
Overseas arrivals73,84425,58122,2135,75412,5991,5571,5182,709
Overseas departures79,31581,66936,5799,03218,2402,0011,9015,825
Net overseas migration-5,471-56,088-14,366-3,278-5,641-444-383-3,116

Net interstate migration by state and territory

 NSWVic.QldSAWATas.NTACT
Interstate arrivals100,59172,021112,06927,25134,01813,73514,36923,599
Interstate departures117,26790,32181,13026,54729,42613,68616,52822,748
Net interstate migration-16,676-18,30030,9397044,59249-2,159851

Notes

COVID-19

Statistics in this release are impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting Australian Government closure of the international border from 20 March 2020.

To ensure the ongoing production of fit-for-purpose official population estimates through the COVID-19 pandemic, the ABS has been assessing the likely impact of changed traveller behaviour on preliminary overseas migration estimates, a component of ERP. The ABS has introduced more frequent revisions to overseas migration to ensure the suite of demographic statistics continue to be of high quality and reflect the most timely data available. Preliminary overseas migration estimates will be revised every quarter over four quarters, instead of once after four quarters, until it becomes final. These more frequent revisions will ensure the most timely and accurate data flows through to ERP.

For further information see the Information Paper: Improvements to estimation of net overseas migration (cat. no. 3412.0.55.004).

Forthcoming issues

Reference periodRelease date
September 202117 March 2022
December 2021June 2022
March 202222 September 2022
June 202215 December 2022

 

Data downloads - time series spreadsheets

Population and components of change - national

Quarterly population and components of change, national, from June 1981 onwards

Components of population change - states and territories

Quarterly components of change, by state and territory, from June 1981 onwards

Population - states and territories

Quarterly population by sex, by state and territory, from June 1981 onwards

Interstate migration arrivals

Quarterly interstate migration arrivals, from June 1981 onwards

Interstate migration departures

Quarterly interstate migration departures, from June 1981 onwards

Population - New South Wales

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, NSW, from 1971 onwards

Population - Victoria

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, Vic., from 1971 onwards

Population - Queensland

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, Qld, from 1971 onwards

Population - South Australia

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, SA, from 1971 onwards

Population - Western Australia

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, WA, from 1971 onwards

Population - Tasmania

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, Tas., from 1971 onwards

Population - Northern Territory

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, NT, from 1971 onwards

Population - Australian Capital Territory

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, ACT, from 1971 onwards

Population - Australia

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, Aust., from 1971 onwards

All time series spreadsheets

Data downloads - data cubes

National, state and territory population tables

Various tables of population, components of change and rates, by state and territory. Includes population by country of birth

Population by age and sex - national

Summary statistics of Australia's population by age and sex

Standard population

Standard population used in age-standardised rates

All data cubes

Previous catalogue number

This release previously used catalogue number 3101.0

Data Explorer datasets

Caution: Data in Data Explorer is currently released after the 11:30am release on the ABS website. Please check the reference period when using Data Explorer.