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National, state and territory population

Statistics about the population and components of change (births, deaths, migration) for Australia and its states and territories

Reference period
December 2021
Released
28/06/2022
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    National, state and territory population, September 2022
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Key statistics

Statistics in this release are commonly known as Estimated Resident Population (ERP). 

 

In this issue, the ABS has rebased the population estimates to the 2021 Census of Population. Rebased estimates supersede all estimates from June 2016, for further information see Methodology used in rebased population estimates, June 2021.

 

  • Australia’s population was 25,766,605 people at 31 December 2021.
  • The quarterly growth was 63,400 people (0.2%).
  • The annual growth was 128,000 people (0.5%).
  • Annual natural increase was 138,500 and net overseas migration was -3,600.

National

Annual population change

In the year ending 31 December 2021, Australia's population grew by 128,000 people (0.5%).

  1. Annual growth calculated at the end of each quarter.
  2. All data after 30 June 2016 is subject to revision.

Australia's population growth is comprised of natural increase (births minus deaths) and net overseas migration (migration arrivals minus migration departures).

Components of quarterly population change

In the December 2021 quarter, natural increase:

  • was 34,200 people
  • increased by 2,200 people since the previous quarter
     

In the December 2021 quarter, net overseas migration:

  • was 29,100 people
  • increased by 46,000 people since the previous quarter
     

Components of annual population change

In the year ending 31 December 2021, natural increase:

  • was 138,500 people
  • increased by 7,600 people (5.8%) since the previous year

 

In the year ending 31 December 2021, net overseas migration:

  • was -3,600 people
  • increased by 1,400 people (27.4%) since the previous year
  1. Annual components calculated at the end of each quarter.

Births and deaths

Births

In the year ending 31 December 2021:

  • there were 310,000 births
  • births increased by 18,200 (6.2%) since the previous year
     

Deaths

In the year ending 31 December 2021:

  • there were 171,500 deaths
  • deaths increased by 10,500 (6.5%) since the previous year
     

Overseas migration arrivals and departures

Overseas migration arrivals

In the year ending 31 December 2021:

  • there were 217,100 people immigrating to Australia
  • arrivals decreased by 18,200 people (7.7%) since the previous year
     

Overseas migration departures

In the year ending 31 December 2021:

  • there were 220,700 people emigrating from Australia
  • departures decreased by 19,600 people (8.2%) since the previous year

States and territories

Annual population change

  • Most states and territories had positive population growth over the year ending 31 December 2021.
  • Queensland had the highest growth rate (1.4%).
  • Victoria had the only negative growth rate (-0.1%).
 Population at 31 Dec 2021 ('000)Change over previous year ('000)Change over previous year (%)
New South Wales8095.411.20.1
Victoria6559.9-3.5-0.1
Queensland5265.073.71.4
South Australia1806.69.60.5
Western Australia2762.230.51.1
Tasmania569.84.30.8
Northern Territory249.30.20.1
Australian Capital Territory453.31.90.4
Australia (a)25766.6128.00.5

a. Includes Other Territories comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Christmas Island, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.

State and territory population change is comprised of natural increase, net overseas migration, and net interstate migration (interstate arrivals minus interstate departures).

Components of annual population change

For the year ending 31 December 2021:

  • natural increase was the major contributor to population change in New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and the Australian Capital Territory
  • net interstate migration was the major contributor to population change in Queensland and the Northern Territory.
  • net overseas migration was the major contributor to change in Tasmania.
     

Natural increase by state and territory

 NSWVic.QldSAWATas.NTACT
Births101,33375,36564,11219,75734,0396,0443,7855,543
Deaths56,52442,48833,85714,49715,8894,7691,2132,208
Natural increase44,80932,87730,2555,26018,1501,2752,5723,335

Net overseas migration by state and territory

 NSWVic.QldSAWATas.NTACT
Overseas arrivals93,21258,86329,6418,96215,2213,5113,0474,633
Overseas departures80,60468,42934,4798,66718,7991,8712,3065,554
Net overseas migration12,608-9,566-4,838295-3,5781,640741-921

Net interstate migration by state and territory

 NSWVic.QldSAWATas.NTACT
Interstate arrivals111,05089,756145,98133,41344,21816,42117,99825,106
Interstate departures146,387109,14295,81932,43334,93016,90721,41826,907
Net interstate migration-35,337-19,38650,1629809,288-486-3,420-1,801

Notes

COVID-19

Statistics in this release are impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting Australian Government closure of the international border from 20 March 2020.

To ensure the ongoing production of fit-for-purpose official population estimates through the COVID-19 pandemic, the ABS has been assessing the likely impact of changed traveller behaviour on preliminary overseas migration estimates, a component of ERP. The ABS has introduced more frequent revisions to overseas migration to ensure the suite of demographic statistics continue to be of high quality and reflect the most timely data available. Preliminary overseas migration estimates will be revised every quarter over four quarters, instead of once after four quarters, until it becomes final. These more frequent revisions will ensure the most timely and accurate data flows through to ERP.

For further information see the Improvements to estimation of net overseas migration.

Changes to this issue

The ABS is aiming to reduce data which is duplicated elsewhere on the website. The below table will no longer appear in National, state and territory population and can be found in a new annual publication.
Table 8 Estimated resident population, Country of birth–at 30 June is published in Australia's Population by Country of Birth, 2021

Data downloads - time series spreadsheets

Population and components of change - national

Quarterly population and components of change, national, from June 1981 onwards

Components of population change - states and territories

Quarterly components of change, by state and territory, from June 1981 onwards

Population - states and territories

Quarterly population by sex, by state and territory, from June 1981 onwards

Interstate migration arrivals

Quarterly interstate migration arrivals, from June 1981 onwards

Interstate migration departures

Quarterly interstate migration departures, from June 1981 onwards

Population - New South Wales

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, NSW, from 1971 onwards

Population - Victoria

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, Vic., from 1971 onwards

Population - Queensland

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, Qld, from 1971 onwards

Population - South Australia

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, SA, from 1971 onwards

Population - Western Australia

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, WA, from 1971 onwards

Population - Tasmania

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, Tas., from 1971 onwards

Population - Northern Territory

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, NT, from 1971 onwards

Population - Australian Capital Territory

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, ACT, from 1971 onwards

Population - Australia

Population at 30 June, by sex and single year of age, Aust., from 1971 onwards

All time series spreadsheets

Data downloads - data cubes

National, state and territory population tables

Various tables of population, components of change and rates, by state and territory. 

Population by age and sex - national

Summary statistics of Australia's population by age and sex

Standard population

Standard population used in age-standardised rates

All data cubes

Previous catalogue number

This release previously used catalogue number 3101.0

Rebasing of Australia's population estimates using the 2021 Census