6401.0 - Consumer Price Index, Australia, Sep 2019 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 30/10/2019   
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September Key Statistics

The All groups CPI

  • Rose 0.5% this quarter, compared to a rise of 0.6% in the June 2019 quarter.
  • Rose 1.7% over the twelve months to the September 2019 quarter, compared to a rise of 1.6% over the twelve months to the June 2019 quarter.

Overview of CPI movements
  • The most significant price rises this quarter are international holiday, travel and accommodation (+6.1%), tobacco (+3.4%), property rates and charges (+2.5%) and child care (+2.5%).
  • The most significant price falls this quarter are automotive fuel (-2.0%), fruit (-3.1%) and vegetables (-2.5%).


All Groups CPI, Quarterly change
Graph: All Groups CPI, Quarterly change

Jun Qtr 2019 to Sep Qtr 2019
Sep Qtr 2018 to Sep Qtr 2019
Weighted average of eight capital cities
% change
% change

All groups CPI
0.5
1.7
Food and non-alcoholic beverages
0.4
2.3
Alcohol and tobacco
2.0
6.6
Clothing and footwear
1.5
1.5
Housing
0.3
0.4
Furnishings, household equipment and services
1.1
1.8
Health
-0.2
3.1
Transport
-0.3
0.7
Communication
-1.1
-4.1
Recreation and culture
1.5
1.7
Education
0.1
2.8
Insurance and financial services
0.2
0.5
CPI analytical series
All groups CPI, seasonally adjusted
0.3
1.7
Trimmed mean
0.4
1.6
Weighted median
0.3
1.2




Contribution to quarterly change

Graph: Consumer Price Index (CPI) 16th Series: by Region by Group, Sub-group and Expenditure Class [Quarterly]


Changes in this and future releases

The ABS has ceased publishing a PDF as part of the release of Consumer Price Index, Australia (cat. no. 6401.0) as of the June 2019 quarter. CPI data will be presented in HTML format only on the ABS website. Should you have any concerns regarding this transition, please contact the ABS via email on client.services@abs.gov.au.


Use of Price Indexes in Contracts

Price indexes published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) provide summary measures of the movements in various categories of prices over time. They are published primarily for use in Government economic analysis. Price indexes are also often used in contracts by businesses and government to adjust payments and/or charges to take account of changes in categories of prices (Indexation Clauses).

Use of Price Indexes in Contracts that sets out a range of issues that should be taken into account by parties considering including an Indexation Clause in a contract using an ABS published price index.


Frequently Asked Questions

The Frequently Asked Questions page that has answers to a number of common questions to do with price indexes and the Consumer Price Index, in particular.