6401.0 - Consumer Price Index, Australia, March 2020 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 29/04/2020   
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March Key Statistics


The All groups CPI

  • rose 0.3% in the March 2020 quarter, compared to a rise of 0.7% in the December 2019 quarter.
  • rose 2.2% over the twelve months to the March 2020 quarter, compared to a rise of 1.8% over the twelve months to the December 2019 quarter.

Overview of CPI movements
  • The most significant price rises in the March quarter were vegetables (+9.1%), tobacco (+2.0%), secondary education (+3.4%), and pharmaceutical products (+5.1%).
  • The most significant price falls in the March quarter were automotive fuel (-6.0%), domestic holiday travel and accommodation (-3.1%) and international holiday travel and accommodation (-3.0%).


All Groups CPI, Quarterly change
Graph: All Groups CPI, Quarterly change


Dec Qtr 2019 to Mar Qtr 2020
Mar Qtr 2019 to Mar Qtr 2020
Weighted average of eight capital cities
% change
% change

All groups CPI
0.3
2.2
Food and non-alcoholic beverages
1.9
3.2
Alcohol and tobacco
1.6
7.9
Clothing and footwear
-0.7
2.0
Housing
0.3
0.6
Furnishings, household equipment and services
0.8
2.2
Health
1.7
2.9
Transport
-1.9
2.6
Communication
-0.3
-3.4
Recreation and culture
-1.7
1.3
Education
2.6
2.7
Insurance and financial services
0.7
1.6
CPI analytical series
All groups CPI, seasonally adjusted
0.4
2.2
Trimmed mean
0.5
1.8
Weighted median
0.5
1.7



What's new this quarter

A Note on the impact of COVID-19 on the CPI is included in this release. The note explains how the ABS has responded to the actions taken in relation to COVID-19 and potential impacts for the June quarter.

A feature article on the use of Web-scraping in the Australian CPI.


Use of Price Indexes in Contracts

Price indexes published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) provide summary measures of the movements in various categories of prices over time. They are published primarily for use in Government economic analysis. Price indexes are also often used in contracts by businesses and government to adjust payments and/or charges to take account of changes in categories of prices (Indexation Clauses).

Use of Price Indexes in Contracts that sets out a range of issues that should be taken into account by parties considering including an Indexation Clause in a contract using an ABS published price index.


Frequently Asked Questions

The Frequently Asked Questions page that has answers to a number of common questions to do with price indexes and the Consumer Price Index, in particular.


New ABS Website

The ABS will be launching a new website in 2020. You will soon be able to see how this release will appear on the new website by exploring our Beta site. Regular users of this information are encouraged to explore the Beta site and consider if this will affect the way you access and consume ABS data and information. If you would like more information on the new ABS website, or want to discuss how the transition to the new site might impact you, please email newABSwebsite@abs.gov.au