6401.0 - Consumer Price Index, Australia, Sep 2019 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 30/10/2019   
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Capital cities comparison

All groups CPI


All Groups CPI, Percentage change from previous quarter
Graph: All Groups CPI, Percentage change from previous quarter

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 0.5% this quarter in original terms and rose 0.3% in seasonally adjusted terms. Annually, the CPI rose 1.7%.

Main Positive Contributors

  • Recreation and culture (+1.5%) due to the peak tourist season in Europe and America which drove international holiday, travel and accommodation (+6.1%).
  • Alcohol and tobacco (+2.0%) driven by tobacco (+3.4%) due to the annual increase in the tobacco excise (12.5%) applied on 1 September.

Main Negative Contributors
  • Communication (-1.1%) driven by telecommunication equipment and services (-1.1%) due to increased use of mobile services.
  • Transport (-0.3%) due to a fall in automotive fuel (-2.0%) as recent falls in world oil prices flow through to consumers.

All Groups CPI, All groups index numbers and percentage changes

Index number(a)
Percentage change
Sep Qtr 2019
Jun Qtr 2019 to Sep Qtr 2019
Sep Qtr 2018 to Sep Qtr 2019

Sydney
116.5
0.5
1.6
Melbourne
115.9
0.5
1.7
Brisbane
115.5
0.6
1.9
Adelaide
114.5
0.7
1.9
Perth
112.6
0.5
1.6
Hobart
114.7
0.5
2.2
Darwin
111.3
0.3
0.5
Canberra
114.3
0.7
1.8
Weighted average of eight capital cities
115.4
0.5
1.7

(a) Index reference period: 2011-12 = 100.0.


Main contributors by city:

Sydney (+0.5%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (+6.9%)
  • Tobacco (+3.4%)
  • Wine (+2.6%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Automotive fuel (-2.2%)
  • New dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (-0.6%). The fall in new dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers is mainly driven by base price reductions due to weak market conditions.
  • Sports participation (-3.5%) due to the introduction of a second $100 Active Kids sports voucher for school aged children in New South Wales.

Melbourne (+0.5%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (+5.5%)
  • Tobacco (+3.5%)
  • Gas and other household fuels (+3.5%) due to the seasonal switch to peak winter gas prices.

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Electricity (-4.1%) due to the introduction of the Victorian Default Offer from 1 July 2019.
  • Motor vehicles (-2.0%)
  • Automotive fuel (-1.8%).

Brisbane (+0.6%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (+4.7%)
  • Tobacco (+3.2%)
  • Electricity (+2.6%) driven by the $50 asset ownership dividend that was applied to consumers' electricity bills last quarter.

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Automotive fuel (-2.6%)
  • Fruit (-2.7%).

Adelaide (+0.7%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (+6.3%)
  • Tobacco (+3.4%)
  • Wine (+3.5%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (-2.4%)
  • Insurance (-3.5%) due to the Compulsory Third Party insurance market being opened to competition on 1 July.
  • New dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (-0.7%).

Perth (+0.5%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (+6.8%)
  • Tobacco (+3.5%)
  • Electricity (+1.7%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Automotive fuel (-2.6%)
  • Fruit (-6.5%).

Hobart (+0.5%)
  • New dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (+2.3%) due to a strong housing market.
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (+6.2%)
  • Tobacco (+2.6%).
  • Hobart is the only capital city to record a rise in automotive fuel this quarter (+0.5%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (-7.0%)
  • Vegetables (-2.5%).

Darwin (+0.3%)
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (+4.4%) due to increased demand during the peak tourist season this quarter.
  • Tobacco (+3.1%)
  • International holiday travel and accommodation (+4.6%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Rents (-1.8%); due to continued high vacancy rates
  • Other financial services (-3.2%) due to the introduction of the Territory home owner discount (THOD), which offers a discount on stamp duty when purchasing a dwelling for owner-occupier purposes from May 2019.
  • Sports participation (-9.0%) due to the biannual $100 sports voucher provided to school aged children in the Northern Territory.

Canberra (+0.7%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (+6.5%)
  • Property rates and charges (+7.9%) due to reductions in stamp duty for property purchases being replaced by increases in general rates.
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (+3.2%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Other financial services (-7.6%) due to the introduction of the home buyer concession scheme.
  • Games, toys and hobbies (-3.6%)
  • Fruits (-3.1%).

Further analysis is available in the Main contributors to change commentary.