3412.0 - Migration, Australia, 2017-18 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 03/04/2019   
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STATE AND TERRITORY POPULATIONS BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH

KEY STATISTICS

In 2016, the proportion of Australians born overseas was just under 29%. However, this varies across the nation.

At the state and territory level the proportion of the population born overseas was as follows:

    • Western Australia had the highest proportion — 35%.
    • Tasmania had the lowest — 13%.
    • New South Wales — 30%.
    • Victoria — 31%.
    • Queensland — 24%.
    • South Australia — 24%.
    • The Northern Territory — 23%.
    • The Australian Capital Territory — 28%.


About this data

Australia's estimated resident population (ERP) by country of birth is measured at the 30 June. At the state and territory level data is only available for Census years, with the latest being 2016.


State and Territory by Country of Birth

The proportion of the population born overseas increased for all states or territories since 2011:
    • The Northern Territory had the largest increase, up from 18.9% to 22.6%.
    • Tasmania had the smallest, up from 12.5% to 13.1%.

Graph 2.1 Percentage of overseas-born — State and Territory — 2011 and 2016


In 2016, those born in England (just over 1 million people) continued to be the largest group of overseas-born residents. The New Zealand born (568,000 people) were in second place while the Chinese born (558,000) were in third place. At the state and territory level the ranking of countries varies to the national level and that of the other states and territories.

The largest group of overseas-born residents for each state and territory in 2016 was as follows:
    • New South Wales — China (256,000 people)
    • Victoria — England (193,000)
    • Queensland — New Zealand (220,000)
    • South Australia — England (104,000)
    • Western Australia — England (214,000)
    • Tasmania — England (20,000)
    • Northern Territory — Philippines (7,000)
    • Australian Capital Territory — England (13,000).

Table 2.2 Estimated resident population, top 20 countries of birth(a) by state and territory(b), 30 June 2016

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.(c)
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000

Australia
5 406.4
4 280.6
3 705.1
1 294.0
1 660.6
449.7
190.3
289.6
17 278.8
Overseas-born
England
250.7
192.7
200.4
103.7
213.9
20.5
6.7
13.3
1 002.1
New Zealand
127.9
102.7
219.9
13.8
87.4
5.4
5.6
5.0
568.2
China(d)
256.0
176.6
51.6
26.8
30.0
3.3
1.4
11.9
557.7
India
153.8
182.8
53.1
29.0
53.4
2.1
4.2
10.9
489.4
Philippines
94.1
56.0
43.1
13.3
33.4
1.8
7.0
4.0
252.7
Vietnam
92.9
89.9
21.8
15.7
17.6
0.4
1.2
3.6
243.2
Italy
56.0
79.1
14.8
20.2
22.0
1.0
0.6
2.1
195.8
South Africa
47.7
30.3
44.7
7.1
45.5
1.7
1.1
2.1
180.5
Malaysia
34.9
55.3
16.4
8.4
32.3
1.6
0.8
2.6
152.9
Scotland
33.1
30.3
25.2
13.3
30.4
2.6
0.9
2.0
137.8
Sri Lanka
32.6
63.2
11.1
4.2
8.9
0.4
1.0
3.1
124.5
Germany
33.7
30.0
23.1
11.2
12.8
2.4
1.2
2.5
116.7
Greece
36.0
57.0
4.0
10.1
2.8
0.6
1.8
1.2
113.4
Korea, South
58.0
16.9
21.0
4.1
7.9
0.7
0.5
2.5
111.6
USA
36.9
24.3
20.9
5.2
11.5
2.0
1.7
3.3
105.7
Hong Kong
47.3
24.4
12.2
4.0
7.0
0.5
0.4
1.8
97.6
Lebanon
68.4
19.9
1.7
1.8
1.3
0.1
0.1
0.5
93.7
Ireland
28.2
18.2
13.3
3.7
21.6
0.8
1.4
0.9
88.0
Indonesia
34.1
19.2
7.9
2.3
12.5
0.4
1.3
1.4
79.0
Netherlands
18.9
22.2
15.8
7.2
10.4
2.5
0.5
1.1
78.7
Total overseas-born
2 326.4
1 892.5
1 140.0
418.8
895.4
67.9
55.4
113.5
6 912.1
Total
7 732.9
6 173.2
4 845.2
1 712.8
2 556.0
517.5
245.7
403.1
24 190.9

(a) The top 20 countries of birth are at the Australia level for 2016.
(b) Country of birth is available at the state and territory level in Census years only.
(c) Includes Other Territories. See paragraphs 63-64 of the Explanatory Notes.
(d) Excludes SARs and Taiwan.