6457.0 - International Trade Price Indexes, Australia, Jun 2020 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 30/07/2020   
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June Quarter Key Statistics


Import price index

  • Fell 1.9% this quarter and 1.9% through the year.

Main contributors to the fall were:
  • Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials (-32.5%),
  • Non-ferrous metals (-5.6%), and
  • Coffee, tea, cocoa spices and manufactures thereof (-3.6%).

Offsetting rises occurred in:
  • Road vehicles (including air-cushion vehicles) (+2.0%), and
  • Gold, non-monetary (+8.3%).


Export price index
  • Fell 2.4% this quarter and 3.8% through the year.

Main contributors to the fall were:
  • Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials (-46.6%),
  • Coal, coke and briquettes (-6.8%),
  • Gas, natural and manufactured (-7.2%), and
  • Non-ferrous metals (-7.9%).

Offsetting rises occurred in:
  • Metalliferous ores and metal scrap (+2.9%),
  • Gold, non-monetary (+8.4%), and
  • Cereals and cereal preparations (+4.8%).


Exchange rate
  • The Australian dollar depreciated against the United States dollar.
  • This had an upward effect on import and export prices this quarter.

Mar Qtr 20 to Jun Qtr 20
Jun Qtr 19 to Jun Qtr 20
% change
% change

Import Price Index all groups
-1.9
-1.9
Food and live animals
3.4
5.5
Beverages and tobacco
-0.7
2.0
Crude materials, inedible, except fuels
-3.5
-15.1
Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials
-32.7
-40.2
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes
6.4
12.0
Chemicals and related products, n.e.s.
0.8
-1.4
Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material
2.0
3.6
Machinery and transport equipment
2.4
4.4
Miscellaneous manufactured articles
2.2
3.8
Commodities and transactions, n.e.s.
8.3
39.6
Export Price Index all groups
-2.4
-3.8
Food and live animals
-0.1
8.9
Beverages and tobacco
-3.3
6.8
Crude materials, inedible, except fuels
1.9
-2.7
Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials
-9.9
-17.2
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes
2.2
17.9
Chemicals and related products, n.e.s.
-6.1
-4.9
Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material
-7.5
-9.3
Machinery and transport equipment
-0.1
1.9
Miscellaneous manufactured articles
0.2
5.1
Commodities and transactions, n.e.s.
7.9
37.4



IMPORT PRICE INDEX: all groups, Quarterly % change
Graph: IMPORT PRICE INDEX: all groups, Quarterly % change

EXPORT PRICE INDEX: all groups, Quarterly % change
Graph: EXPORT PRICE INDEX: all groups, Quarterly % change



Use of price indexes in contracts

Price indexes published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) provide summary measures of the movements in various categories of prices over time. They are published primarily for use in Government economic analysis. Price indexes are also often used in contracts by businesses and government to adjust payments and/or charges to take account of changes in categories of prices (Indexation Clauses).

Use of Price Indexes in Contracts sets out a range of issues that should be taken into account by parties considering including an Indexation Clause in a contract using an ABS published price index.


Changes in this issue

A processing correction has been applied to the June quarter 2020 Export Price Index (EPI) of the International Trade Price Indexes, Australia (cat. no. 6457.0). The correction had minimal impact on headline EPI.


New ABS Website

The ABS will be launching a new website in 2020. You will soon be able to see how this release will appear on the new website by exploring our Beta site. Regular users of this information are encouraged to explore the Beta site and consider if this will affect the way you access and consume ABS data and information. If you would like more information on the new ABS website, or want to discuss how the transition to the new site might impact you, please email newABSwebsite@abs.gov.au