6401.0 - Consumer Price Index, Australia, March 2020 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 29/04/2020   
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Capital cities comparison

All groups CPI


All Groups CPI, Percentage change from previous quarter
Graph: All Groups CPI, Percentage change from previous quarter

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 0.3% in the March quarter in original terms and rose 0.4% in seasonally adjusted terms. Annually, the CPI rose 2.2%.

  • At the All groups level, all capital cities recorded a rise, excluding Brisbane (-0.1%), ranging from Sydney (+0.3%) to Melbourne (+0.8%).
  • Annually at the All groups level, all capital cities rose ranging from Darwin (+1.5%) to Hobart (+3.4%). Annual movements in all capital cities increased in the March quarter and six cities had an annual movement of 2.0% or higher.
  • Food and non-alcoholic beverages rose in all capital cities in the March quarter. Lower seasonal supply and adverse weather, particularly drought conditions, saw price rises for fruit and vegetables (+6.0%), while strong international demand, combined with drought conditions led to price rises for meat and seafood (+2.0%). High domestic demand due to COVID-19, led to further pressure on prices.
  • Transport fell in all capital cities mainly due to price falls for automotive fuel following lower global oil prices. Automotive fuel decreases ranged from -1.3% in Hobart to -8.3% in Adelaide.
  • Recreation and culture fell in all capital cities mainly due to price falls in domestic and international holiday travel and accommodation due to lower demand following the end of peak holiday travel.
  • Housing remained relatively subdued with increases ranging from 0.1% in Sydney and Canberra, to 1.0% in Melbourne. This was partially offset by falls in Brisbane and Darwin (-0.3%).

All Groups CPI, All groups index numbers and percentage changes

Index number(a)
Percentage change
Mar Qtr 2020
Dec Qtr 2019 to Mar Qtr 2020
Mar Qtr 2019 to Mar Qtr 2020

Sydney
117.4
0.3
2.0
Melbourne
117.8
0.8
2.7
Brisbane
116.2
-0.1
1.8
Adelaide
115.8
0.3
2.4
Perth
113.5
0.4
2.1
Hobart
117.2
0.4
3.4
Darwin
111.8
0.3
1.5
Canberra
115.5
0.4
2.0
Weighted average of eight capital cities
116.6
0.3
2.2

(a) Index reference period: 2011-12 = 100.0.


Main contributors by city:


Sydney (+0.3%)
  • Vegetables (+10.1%)
  • Secondary education (+4.4%)
  • Tobacco (+2.0%).
  • New dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (+0.8%); due to increases in base prices and reductions in the value of promotional offers.

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Automotive fuel (-5.5%)
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (-3.7%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-2.8%).


Melbourne (+0.8%)
  • Electricity (+6.5%); due to increased wholesale electricity costs and network charges.
  • Vegetables (+9.5%)
  • Secondary education (+3.7%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Automotive fuel (-6.0%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-2.7%)
  • Furniture (-4.2%).


Brisbane (-0.1%)
  • Automotive fuel (-6.7%)
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (-6.8%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-3.6%)
  • New dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (-0.9%); due to builders reducing base prices to compete for customers.

The fall was partially offset by:
  • Vegetables (+10.4%)
  • Tobacco (+2.4%)
  • Pharmaceutical products (+5.6%).


Adelaide (+0.3%)
  • Vegetables (+8.5%)
  • Tobacco (+2.4%)
  • Pharmaceutical products (+4.9%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Automotive fuel (-8.3%);
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-3.7%)
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (-2.1%)
  • Sports participation (-5.6%); due to the South Australian Government's expansion of the sports voucher program to cover swimming lessons therefore reducing out-of-pocket expenses for households.


Perth (+0.4%)
  • Fruit (+7.5%)
  • New dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (+1.1%)
  • Vegetables (+4.7%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Automotive fuel (-5.9%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-3.6%)
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (-2.5%).


Hobart (+0.4%)
  • Rents (+2.2%); due to low vacancy rates putting upward pressure on prices.
  • Tobacco (+2.5%)
  • Vegetables (+5.4%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (-4.6%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-2.6%)
  • Automotive fuel (-1.3%).


Darwin (+0.3%)
  • Tobacco (+2.3%)
  • Vegetables (+7.4%)
  • Pharmaceutical products (+4.4%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Automotive fuel (-4.4%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-3.6%)
  • Rents (-1.3%)
  • Sports participation (-5.8%); due to the biannual sports voucher being applied in the March quarter.


Canberra (+0.4%)
  • Vegetables (+9.7%)
  • Secondary education (+4.1%)
  • Pharmaceutical products (+4.8%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (-4.5%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-3.1%)
  • Automotive fuel (-2.1%).

Further analysis is available in the Main contributors to change commentary.