6401.0 - Consumer Price Index, Australia, Jun 2019 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 31/07/2019   
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Capital cities comparison


All groups CPI


All Groups CPI, Percentage change from previous quarter
Graph: All Groups CPI, Percentage change from previous quarter

Main Positive Contributors

  • Transport (+3.4%) driven by higher world oil prices and retail fuel margins resulting in an increase in automotive fuel (+10.2%). Automotive fuel rose in all capital cities this quarter, ranging from Canberra (+1.7%) to Sydney (+11.8%).
  • Health (+1.8%) due to the cyclical increase in Private Health Insurance premiums in the medical and hospital services (+2.6%) from 1 April. Medical and hospital services rose in all capital cities, ranging from Canberra (+1.8%) to Adelaide (+3.8%).

Main Negative Contributors
  • Food and non-alcoholic beverages (-0.4%) driven by an improved supply of fruit and vegetables with autumn/winter produce coming into season, and bananas returning to normal prices following adverse weather conditions in Queensland last quarter. Perth exhibited a smaller fall than the other cities due to localised drought conditions affecting fruit and vegetable supply.
  • Housing (-0.2%) driven by utilities (-1.0%), new dwelling purchase for owner-occupiers (-0.2%), and continued weakness in rents (0.0%). Utilities fell in all cities excluding Perth (0.0%) and Darwin (+0.1%), ranging from Hobart (-0.1%) to Brisbane (-3.2%).


All Groups CPI, All groups index numbers and percentage changes

Index number(a)
Percentage change
Jun Qtr 2019
Mar Qtr 2019 to Jun Qtr 2019
Jun Qtr 2018 to Jun Qtr 2019

Sydney
115.9
0.7
1.7
Melbourne
115.3
0.5
1.3
Brisbane
114.8
0.6
1.7
Adelaide
113.7
0.5
1.4
Perth
112.0
0.7
1.6
Hobart
114.1
0.6
2.3
Darwin
111.0
0.8
0.8
Canberra
113.5
0.3
1.7
Weighted average of eight capital cities
114.8
0.6
1.6

(a) Index reference period: 2011-12 = 100.0.


Main contributors by city:


Sydney (+0.7%)
  • Automotive fuel (+11.8%); largest rise in automotive fuel of any capital city this quarter,
  • Medical and hospital services (+2.5%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (+2.6%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Fruit (-4.0%)
  • Vegetables (-2.6%)
  • Electricity (-1.3%).


Melbourne (+0.5%)
  • Automotive fuel (+10.1%)
  • Medical and hospital services (+2.3%)
  • Tobacco (+2.3%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (+2.5%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (-4.9%)
  • Fruit (-3.9%)
  • Electricity (-1.8%)
  • New dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (-0.4%).


Brisbane (+0.6%)
  • Automotive fuel (+10.7%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (+3.6%)
  • Medical and hospital services (+2.4%)
  • Tobacco (+2.6%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Electricity (-5.1%); due to the Affordable Energy Plan with households receiving a $50 electricity rebate,
  • Fruit (-4.7%).


Adelaide (+0.5%)
  • Automotive fuel (+10.2%)
  • Medical and hospital services (+3.8%)
  • Tobacco (+2.5%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (-3.1%)
  • Fruit (-6.0%)
  • Electricity (-1.5%).


Perth (+0.7%)
  • Automotive fuel (+9.1%)
  • Medical and hospital services (+2.7%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (+2.6%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Telecommunication equipment and services (-1.3%).


Hobart (+0.6%)
  • Automotive fuel (+5.0%)
  • Tobacco (+3.1%)
  • Medical and hospital services (+3.1%)
  • New dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (+2.1%)
  • Rents (+1.3%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (-7.3%)
  • Fruit (-5.7%).


Darwin (+0.8%)
  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (+14.0%); driven by increased demand during the peak tourist season this quarter,
  • Automotive fuel (+8.9%)
  • Tobacco (+2.8%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (+3.5%).

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Other financial services (-6.9%),
  • Rents (-1.8%)
  • Fruit (-6.0%).


Canberra (+0.3%)
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (+3.0%)
  • Motor vehicles (+3.2%)
  • Medical and hospital services (+1.8%)
  • Automotive fuel (+1.7%); recorded the smallest rise in automotive fuel of any capital city this quarter.

The rise was partially offset by:
  • Fruit (-5.0%)
  • Urban transport (-12.3%); driven by free bus and light rail travel during the month of April.