Latest release

Housing Statistics for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples methodology

Reference period
2018-19 financial year
Released
11/05/2022
Next release Unknown
First release

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This publication presents results from the 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016 Census of Population and Housing (Census), the 2016 Census of Population and Housing: Estimating Homelessness, the 2008 and 2014-15 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS) and the 2012-13 and 2018-19 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS).

For the respective Methodologies, refer to the following:

Census

Census: Estimating Homelessness

NATSISS

  • Explanatory notes, National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, 2008.
  • Explanatory notes, National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, 2014-15.

NATSIHS

  • Explanatory notes, Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, 2012-13.
  • National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey Methodology, 2018-19.

Data definitions

Data definitions table

Table 1. Housing Statistics for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people – data definitions(a)
MeasurementDownloads tableCollectionData itemsInclusions/Exclusions
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander household statusDwelling characteristics, tables 1.0-1.1Census 2001-2016Indigenous household indicator

N/A

Type of non-private dwelling

Dwelling characteristics, tables 2.0-2.1

Census 2016

Type of non-private dwelling

Excludes not stated

Dwelling structure

Dwelling characteristics, tables 3.0-3.7, 5.0-5.1

Census 2016

Dwelling structure

Excluded not stated

Number of bedrooms

Dwelling characteristics, tables 4.0-4.1, 5.0-5.1

Census 2016

Number of bedrooms in private dwelling

Includes not stated in tables 4.0-4.1, excludes not stated in tables 5.0-5.1

Whether dwelling of an acceptable standard

Standard of housing, tables 1.0-1.1

NATSISS 2008 and 2014-15, NATSIHS 2012-13 and 2018-19

Whether household living in house of an acceptable standard

 

2012-13 NATSIHS and 2014-15 NATSISS include not stated

Housing suitability and Overcrowding – Households, tables 4.0-4.1NATSISS 2014-15 and NATSIHS 2018-19

Household facilities that are not available or that do not work

Standard of housing, tables 2.0-2.5

NATSIHS 2012-13 and 2018-19, NATSISS 2014-15Household facilities that are not available or that do not work.2012-13 NATSIHS and 2014-15 NATSISS include not stated

Housing suitability and Overcrowding – Households, tables 6.0-6.2

Major structural problems

Standard of housing, tables 3.0-3.5

NATSIHS 2012-13 and 2018-19, NATSISS 2014-15Types of major structural problems. Number of major structural problems.2012-13 and 14-15 includes not stated

Housing suitability and Overcrowding – Households, tables 5.0-5.2

Housing Suitability (overcrowding), counting households

Housing suitability and Overcrowding – Households, tables 1.0-1.9, 3.0-3.7

Census 2001-2016

Housing SuitabilityExcludes unable to determine and not stated

Household Income, tables 3.0-3.3

 

Census 2011 and 2016

 

Housing suitability and Overcrowding – Households, tables 2.0-2.1, 4.0-6.2

NATSIHS 2012-13 and 2018-19, NATSISS 2014-15

Canadian National Occupancy StandardExcludes not known or not stated

Socio-economic index of dwelling location, tables 1.0-1.4.

Census 2011 and 2016

Housing Suitability (overcrowding), counting people

Closing the Gap target - Appropriately sized housing - Persons, tables 1.0-1.9

Census 2001-2016

Housing Suitability

Excludes Unable to determine and Not stated

Closing the Gap target - Appropriately sized housing - Persons, tables 2.0-2.1

NATSIHS 2012-13 and 2018-19, NATSISS 2014-15

Canadian National Occupancy Standard

Excludes not known or not stated

Tenure and Landlord Type

Tenure and landlord type, tables 1.0-1.9

Census 2001-2016

Tenure and Landlord Type

Owned with a mortgage includes 'Being purchased under a shared equity scheme'. Rented includes 'Being occupied rent-free'. Other tenure type includes 'Being occupied under a life tenure scheme'. Total excludes not stated.
Tenure Type

Housing suitability and Overcrowding – Households, tables 3.0-3.7

Census 2001-2016Tenure Type

Household Income, tables 2.0-2.3

Census 2011 and 2016

Socio-economic index of dwelling location, tables 1.5-1.8

Homelessness estimates

Homelessness, table 1.0

Census 2016

Homeless operational group

N/A

Whether ever experienced homelessness

Homelessness, table 2.0

NATSISS 2014-15

Whether ever experienced homelessness

N/A

Median equivalised total household weekly income

Household income, tables 1.0-3.3

Census 2001-2016

Equivalised Total Household Income (weekly)

Excludes partial income stated and all incomes not stated

Median monthly mortgage repayments

Housing costs, tables 1.0-1.9

Census 2011 and 2016

Mortgage Repayments (monthly) Dollar Values

Excludes not stated

Median weekly rent payments

Housing costs, tables 2.0-2.9

Census 2011 and 2016

Rent (weekly) Dollar Values

Excludes not stated
Weekly rent payments by Landlord typeHousing costs, tables 3.0-3.1Census 2016Rent (weekly) Dollar values. Landlord TypeLandlord type excludes not stated

Index of relative socio-economic advantage and disadvantage (IRSAD)

Socio-economic index of dwelling location, tables 1.0-1.8

Census 2011 and 2016

Index of relative socio-economic advantage and disadvantage (IRSAD)

N/A

Family composition of household

Tenure and landlord type, tables 2.0-2.3

Census 2011 and 2016

Family household composition (dwelling)

Excludes 'Visitors only' and 'Other non-classifiable' households. Excludes 'Other households' including lone person and group households.
Family composition of families in householdsTenure and landlord type, tables 3.0-3.1Census 2016Family household composition (family)Excludes 'Visitors only' and 'Other non-classifiable' households. Excludes 'Other households' including lone person and group households.

(a) All data is for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons, families or households unless otherwise specified.

About ABS Geography

The Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) provides a framework of statistical areas used by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and other organisations to enable the publication of statistics that are comparable and spatially integrated. The ASGS provides users with an integrated set of standard areas that can be used for analysing, visualising and integrating statistics produced by the ABS and other organisations. See here for further information about the ASGS.

The tables in this publication are presented by the following ASGS ABS Structures:

Main Structure

  • State and Territory

Remoteness Structure

  • Major cities, Inner Regional, Outer Regional, Remote and Non-remote.

Indigenous Structure

  • Indigenous Regions (IREG), Indigenous Areas (IARE), Indigenous Locations (ILOC)

Census data is presented at all of the above Geography Structures, while the survey data is limited to State and Territory and Remoteness. Further information about ABS statistical geography and a diagram of how the various ABS Structures interrelate can be found in the ASGS: Volume 1 - Main Structure and Greater Capital City Statistical Areas, July 2016.

The Indigenous Structure is based on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ population distribution in the broader Australian community, so is ideal for analysis of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander data. In the ASGS Indigenous Structure, Indigenous Locations (ILOCs) are the smallest available unit. These are combined to create Indigenous Areas (IAREs) and then Indigenous Regions (IREGs). Further information about the Indigenous Structure can be found in the ASGS: Volume 2 - Indigenous Structure, July 2016.

Census data is also presented by the Non ABS Structure of Local Government Areas. Further information about the Non ABS Structures can be found in the ASGS: Volume 1 - Main Structure and Greater Capital City Statistical Areas, July 2016.

Abbreviations

ABSAustralian Bureau of Statistics
CensusCensus of Population and Housing
CHINSCommunity Housing and Infrastructure Needs Survey
CNOSCanadian National Occupancy Standard
IEOIndex of Education and Occupation
IERIndex of Economic Resources
IRSADIndex of Relative Socio-economic Advantage and Disadvantage
IRSDIndex of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage
NATSIHSNational Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey
NATSISSNational Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey
SEIFASocio-Economic Indexes for Areas