GeoPackages

Census data tools and products
Released
12/04/2022

Overview

GeoPackages contain comprehensive data about people, families and dwellings for Census geographical areas ranging from Statistical Areas Level 1 to the whole of Australia. GeoPackages are Census data linked to geographical boundary data from the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) in a database container.

GeoPackages are suitable for experienced Census data users who want Community Profile data for numerous locations and have their own databases or Geographic Information System (GIS) software. GeoPackages do not include software.

What is a GeoPackage

Image of Census GeoPackages interface. This is where users can search and download Census GeoPackages.

Image of Census GeoPackages interface. This is where users can search and download Census GeoPackages.

GeoPackage is an open, non-proprietary, platform-independent and standards-based data format for geographic information system implemented as a database container. Originally designed to meet mobile geospatial needs, it is becoming a preferred means for exchanging geospatial datasets and the associated base maps and layers as a single ready-to-use file.

GeoPackage is based on a technology called SQLite, which is a lightweight, public domain database system. If you know SQLite, then you are most of the way to understanding GeoPackage. Most modern Geographical Information systems and tools (for example: MapInfo, ArcMap, QGIS, FME and others) support GeoPackage, making it a powerful and widely adopted geospatial data interchange format.

Visit the GeoPackage website for information on the specification for GeoPackage and implementations and examples.

Advantages of using GeoPackages

  • It is backed by the Open Geospatial Consortium - the international standards organisation for geospatial information and systems.
  • It can hold and transport multiple spatial layers as a self-contained, single file container.
  • It is based on an open and widely supported database format, allowing SQL querying of the data.
  • Data can be added and removed from a GeoPackage.
  • The file format is vendor agnostic. QGIS, FME and others are starting to support GeoPackage making it a widely adopted geospatial data interchange format.

How to download a GeoPackage

To access GeoPackages, navigate to the Census homepage, select the ‘Find Census data’ tile, select ‘Census data tools’, and then select ‘GeoPackages’.

Step 1 – Select a Census year

Choose from 2016 or 2021. 

Step 2– Select a state, territory, or the whole of Australia

Each GeoPackage includes the following geographies that can be downloaded at either an Australia or State/Territory level.

ABS StructuresNon-ABS structures
Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (GCCSA)Local Government Areas (LGA)
Statistical Areas Level 4 (SA4)Suburbs and Localities (SAL), State Suburbs (SSC)
Statistical Areas Level 3 (SA3)Postal Areas (POA)
Statistical Areas Level 2 (SA2)Commonwealth Electoral Divisions (CED)
Statistical Areas Level 1 (SA1)State Electoral Divisions (SED)
Indigenous Regions (IREG) 
Indigenous Areas (IARE) 
Indigenous Locations (ILOC) 
Significant Urban Areas (SUA)* 
Urban Centres and Localities (UCL)* 
Section of State (SOS)* 
Section of State Ranges (SOSR)* 
Remoteness Areas (RA)** 

*Available 2nd release, for more information, see 2021 Census product release guide.

**Available 3rd release. 

Step 3 – Select a table or topic (topic selection only for 2016)

GeoPackages are based on the General community profile. The General community profile contains Census characteristics on persons, families and dwellings.

For 2016, GeoPackages are downloadable by a General community profile topic. See GeoPackages topics for more information. For 2021, GeoPackages are downloadable by a General community profile table. You can view which tables relate to each topic by selecting 'Topic'.

Step 4 - Select GDA type

Digital boundaries are available in both the Geocentric Datum of Australia 2020 (GDA2020) and the Geocentric Datum of Australia 1994 (GDA94). GDA2020 was adopted as the new official national datum in 2017 and will be adopted gradually by organisations across Australia. The difference between GDA94 and GDA2020 on the ground is currently about 1.8 metres. Eventually, the ABS will phase out GDA94 boundaries.

For more information about GDA2020, please refer to the Intergovernmental Committee on Surveying and Mapping or Geoscience Australia.

Step 5 - Select a GeoPackage type (for 2016 GeoPackages only)

Some topics can have multiple GeoPackages. It is recommended you read the tables included in each GeoPackage (found beneath the ‘Download GeoPackage’ heading) to ensure you are downloading the correct data for your analysis.

Step 6 – Download GeoPackage

Once you have selected the criteria above, the corresponding GeoPackage will appear underneath the ‘Download GeoPackage’ heading. Each GeoPackage can be downloaded as a ZIP file.

GeoPackage topics

2021 GeoPackage topics

TopicDataPack CSV includedTable names included
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander PeoplesG01, G07

G01 - Selected person characteristics by sex 

G07 - Indigenous status by age by sex

Australian Defence Force ServiceG21, G22

G21 - Type of long-term health condition by selected person characteristics

G22 - Australian Defence Force service by age by sex

Cultural DiversityG01, G08, G09, G10, G11, G12, G13, G14

G01 - Selected person characteristics by sex 

G08 - Ancestry by country of birth of parents 

G09 - Country of birth of person by age by sex 

G10 - Country of birth of person by year of arrival in Australia

G11 - Proficiency in spoken English by year of arrival in Australia by age 

G12 - Proficiency in spoken English of parents by age of dependent children

G13 - Language used at home by proficiency in spoken English by sex 

G14 - Religious affiliation by sex

Demographics G01, G02, G03, G04

G01 - Selected person characteristics by sex 

G02 - Selected medians and averages 

G03 - Place of usual residence by place of enumeration on Census Night by age 

G04 - Age by sex 

Dwelling and Household Characteristics G02, G27, G33, G34, G35, G36, G37, G41, G42

G02 - Selected medians and averages 

G27 - Relationship in household by age by sex 

G33 - Total household income (weekly) by household composition

G34 - Number of motor vehicles by dwellings 

G35 - Household composition by number of persons usually resident 

G36 - Dwelling structure 

G37 - Tenure and landlord type by dwelling structure 

G41 - Dwelling structure by number of bedrooms 

G42 - Dwelling structure by household composition and family composition

Education and QualificationsG01, G15, G16

G01 - Selected person characteristics by sex 

G15 - Type of education institution attending (full/part-time student status by age) by sex

G16 - Highest year of school completed by age by sex

Employment and IncomeG02, G17

G02 - Selected medians and averages 

G17 - Total personal income (weekly) by age by sex

Family CharacteristicsG02, G29, G30, G31, G32

G02 - Selected medians and averages 

G29 - Family composition

G30 - Family composition and country of birth of parents by age of dependent children

G31 - Family blending 

G32 - Total family income (weekly) by family composition 

HealthG19, G20, G21

G19 - Type of long-term health condition by age by sex 

G20 - Count of selected long-term health conditions by age by sex 

G21 - Type of long-term health condition by selected person characteristics 

Household Income and Housing CostsG02, G33, G38, G40

G02 - Selected medians and averages 

G33 - Total household income (weekly) by household composition 

G38 - Mortgage repayment (monthly) by dwelling structure

G40 - Rent (weekly) by landlord type

Need for AssistanceG18G18 - Core activity need for assistance by age by sex
Relationships and ChildrenG05, G06, G12, G27, G28

G05 - Registered marital status by age by sex 

G06 - Social marital status by age by sex 

G12 - Proficiency in spoken English of parents by age of dependent children

G27 - Relationship in household by age by sex 

G28 - Number of children ever born

Usual Address and Internal MigrationG03G03 - Place of usual residence by place of enumeration on Census Night by age
Unpaid Work and CareG23, G24, G25, G26

G23 - Voluntary work for an organisation or group by age by sex 

G24 - Unpaid domestic work: number of hours by age by sex 

G25 - Unpaid assistance to a person with a disability, health condition or due to old age by age by sex

G26 - Unpaid child care by age by sex

2016 GeoPackage topics

Topic

GeoPackage

DataPack CSV included

Table names included

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples

ATISP

G01, G07

G01 – Selected Person Characteristics by Sex

G07 – Indigenous Status by Age by Sex

Children and Childcare

CCA

G12A, G12B, G22A, G22B

G12 – Proficiency in Spoken English/Language of Parents by Age of Dependent Children

G22 – Unpaid Child Care by Age by Sex

CCB

G24, G55A, G55B, G56A, G56B 

G24 – Number of Children Ever Born

G55 – Total Family Income (weekly) by Labour Force Status of Parents/Partners for Couple Families with Children

G56 – Total Family Income (weekly) by Labour Force Status of Parent for Once Parent Families

CCC

G44A, G44B, G44C, G44D

G44 – Labour Force Status by Sex of Parents by Age of Dependent Children for Couple Families (part 1)

 

CCD

G44E, G44F, G45A, G45B

G44 – Labour Force Status by Sex of Parents by Age of Dependent Children for Couple Families (part 2)

G45 - Labour Force Status by Sex of Parent by Age of Dependent Children for Once Parent Families

Cultural and Language Diversity

CLDA

G01, G07, G08

G01 - Selected Person Characteristics by Sex

G07 – Indigenous Status by Age by Sex

G08 – Ancestry by Country of Birth of Parents

CLDB

G09A, G09B, G09C, G09D

G09 – Country of Birth of Person by Age by Sex (part 1)

CLDC

G09E, G09F, G09G, G09H

G09 – Country of Birth of Person by Age by Sex (part 2)

CLDD

G10A, G10B, G10C

G10 – Country of Birth of Person by Year of Arrival in Australia

CLDE

G11A, G11B, G11C, G11D

G11 – Proficiency in Spoken English/Language by Year of Arrival in Australia by Age

CLDF

G12A, G12B

G12 - Proficiency in Spoken English/Language of Parents by Age of Dependent Children

CLDG

G13A, G13B, G13C, G13D

G13 – Language Spoken at Home by Proficiency in Spoken English/Language by Sex

CLDH

G14, G26

G14 – Religious Affiliation by Sex

G26 – Family Composition and Country of Birth of Parents by Age of Dependent Children

Disability, Need for Assistance and Carers

DNAC

G18, G21, G22A, G22B 

G18 – Core Activity Need for Assistance by Age by Sex

G21 – Unpaid Assistance to a Person with a Disability by Age by Sex

G22 – Unpaid Child Care by Age by Sex

Education and Qualifications

EQA

G15, G16A, G16B, G40, G46A, G46B

G15 – Type of Education Institution Attending (Full/Part-Time Student Status by Age) by Sex

G16 – Highest Year of School Completed by Age by Sex

G40 – Selected Labour Force, Education and Migration Characteristics by Sex

G46 – Non-School Qualification: Level of Education by Age by Sex

EQB

G47A, G47B, G47C, G48A, G48B, G48C

G47 – Non-School Qualification: Field of Study by Age by Sex

G48 – Non-School Qualification: Field of Study by Occupation by Sex

EQC

G49A, G49B, G49C, G50A, G50B, G50C

G49 - Non-School Qualification: Level of Education by Occupation by Sex

G50 - Non-School Qualification: Level of Education by Industry of Employment by Sex

Employment, Income and Unpaid Work

EIUWA

G02, G17A, G17B, G17C

G02 - Selected Medians and Averages

G17 - Total Personal Income (weekly) by Age by Sex

EIUWB

G19, G20A, G20B, G21, G22A, G22B

G19 - Voluntary Work for an Organisation or Group by Age by Sex

G20 - Unpaid Domestic Work: Number of Hours by Age by Sex

G21 - Unpaid Assistance to a Person with a Disability by Age by Sex

G22 - Unpaid Child Care by Age by Sex

EIUWC

G40, G43A, G43B

G40 - Selected Labour Force, Education and Migration Characteristics by Sex

G43 - Labour Force Status by Age by Sex

EIUWD

G44A, G44B, G44C, G44D

G44 - Labour Force Status by Sex of Parents by Age of Dependent Children for Couple Families (part 1)

EIUWE

G44E, G44F, G45A, G45B 

G44 - Labour Force Status by Sex of Parents by Age of Dependent Children for Couple Families (part 2)

G45 - Labour Force Status by Sex of Parent by Age of Dependent Children for One Parent Families

EIUWF

G48A, G48B, G48C, G49A, G49B, G49C

G48 - Non-School Qualification: Field of Study by Occupation by Sex

G49 - Non-School Qualification: Level of Education by Occupation by Sex

EIUWG

G50A, G50B, G50C

G50 - Non-School Qualification: Level of Education by Industry of Employment by Sex

EIUWH

G51A, G51B, G51C, G51D

G51 - Industry of Employment by Age by Sex

EIUWI

G52A, G52B, G52C, G52D, G53A, G53B

G52 - Industry of Employment by Hours Worked by Sex

G53 - Industry of Employment by Occupation

EIUWJ

G54A, G54B, G55A, G55B, G56A, G56B

G54 - Total Family Income (weekly) by Labour Force Status of Partners for Couple Families with no Children

G55 - Total Family Income (weekly) by Labour Force Status of Parents/Partners for Couple Families with Children

G56 - Total Family Income (weekly) by Labour Force Status of Parent for One Parent Families

EIUWK

G57A, G57B, G58A, G58B, G59

G57 - Occupation by Age by Sex

G58 - Occupation by Hours Worked by Sex

G59 - Method of Travel to Work by Sex

Household Income and Housing Costs

HIHC

G02, G28, G29, G34, G35, G36

G02 - Selected Medians and Averages

G28 - Total Family Income (weekly) by Family Composition

G29 - Total Household Income (weekly) by Household Composition

G34 - Mortgage Repayment (monthly) by Dwelling Structure

G35 - Mortgage Repayment (monthly) by Family Composition

G36 - Rent (weekly) by Landlord Type

Selected Dwelling and Household Characteristics

SDHCA

G02, G23A, G23B, G29, G30, G31, G32, G33, G34, G35

G02 - Selected Medians and Averages

G23 - Relationship in Household by Age by Sex

G29 - Total Household Income (weekly) by Household Composition

G30 - Number of Motor Vehicles by Dwellings

G31 - Household Composition by Number of Persons Usually Resident

G32 - Dwelling Structure

G33 - Tenure and Landlord Type by Dwelling Structure

G34 - Mortgage Repayment (monthly) by Dwelling Structure

G35 - Mortgage Repayment (monthly) by Family Composition

SDHCB

G36, G37, G38, G39

G36 - Rent (weekly) by Landlord Type

G37 - Dwelling Internet Connection by Dwelling Structure

G38 - Dwelling Structure by Number of Bedrooms

G39 - Dwelling Structure by Household Composition and Family Composition

Selected Family Characteristics

SFC

G02, G25, G26, G27, G28

G02 - Selected Medians and Averages

G25 - Family Composition

G26 - Family Composition and Country of Birth of Parents by Age of Dependent Children

G27 - Family Blending

G28 - Total Family Income (weekly) by Family Composition

Selected Person Characteristics

SPCA

G01, G02, G03, G04A, G04B, G05, G06

G01 - Selected Person Characteristics by Sex

G02 - Selected Medians and Averages

G03 - Place of Usual Residence on Census Night by Age

G04 - Age by Sex

G05 - Registered Marital Status by Age by Sex

G06 - Social Marital Status by Age by Sex

SPCB

G23A, G23B, G24

G23 - Relationship in Household by Age by Sex

G24 - Number of Children Ever Born

Usual Address and Internal Migration

UAIM

G03, G40, G41, G42

G03 - Place of Usual Residence on Census Night by Age

G40 - Selected Labour Force, Education and Migration Characteristics by Sex

G41 - Place of Usual Residence 1 Year Ago by Sex

G42 - Place of Usual Residence 5 Years Ago by Sex

Files contained in a GeoPackage

GeoPackage (GPKG) file

  • Census data merged with boundary information

Metadata folder

  • Sequential template files (.xlsx) containing the information about the Community Profile template, such as information about the sequential numbers and data labels, the table descriptions and the population that is being counted
  • Metadata file (.xlsx) containing information on the table numbers, names, populations and cell descriptor information
  • DataPack to GeoPackage Lookup (.csv) contains a DataPack to GeoPackage reference list, including the renamed list of short headers within tables to enable table and boundaries to merge
  • Geography descriptor file (.xlsx) which lists all geographies used in GeoPackages by level, code, label and area

Readme folder

  • AboutGeopackage_readme.txt - documentation containing helpful information for users about the data and how it is structured
  • GeoPackage_Formats_readme.txt  - details about basic structure formats and contents of GeoPackages
  • Creative Commons Licensing information

What you need to use a GeoPackage

  • Software for compressed zip files
  • Text Editor for readme.txt files
  • Spreadsheet application (such as Excel) for the Metadata files
  • Geographic Information System (GIS) software

Additivity of data

Please note that there are small random adjustments made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of respondents. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals.

Resources

Back to top of the page