The key findings for 2019 Gender Indicators are presented below. Further discussion is available in the respective domain topics.
The key findings for economic security are:
- For parents with a dependant child aged 0-5 years, only 64% of women participated in the labour force, compared with 95% of men.
- The median superannuation balance remains lower for women than men. In 2017–18, the median superannuation balance at, or approaching, preservation age (55-64 years) was $119,000 for women and $183,000 for men.
- Lone parents with children are more likely than other parents to live in low economic resource households. In 2017-18. around half of lone mothers with children (46%) and more than a quarter of lone fathers with children (27%) were living in low economic resource households.
- Young women were more likely to be buying their home than young men: 24% of women compared with 18% of men aged 15 to 34 years owned their home with a mortgage in 2017-18.
The key findings for the education section are:
- Over a quarter of females (29.7%) and around one-fifth of males (21.1%), aged 20-24 years in 2018, were not fully engaged in education and/or employment. These proportions have increased over the last decade.
- Women are more likely than men to have attained a Bachelor degree or above qualification. This is unlikely to change in the near future as more women are currently enrolled in Bachelor Degree or above courses.
- For graduates of most fields of study, females are paid less than their male counterparts.
The key findings for health are:
- Women are expected to live 4.2 years longer than men, though the gap is narrowing. Around 40 years ago, the gap was 7.0 years.
- Ischaemic heart disease remains the leading cause of death for men, but has been overtaken as the leading cause of death for women by Dementia & Alzheimer's disease.
- Women are more likely then men to have reported experiencing high or very high levels of psychological distress or a mood (affective) disorder such as depression.
The key finding for work and family balance is:
- Proportionally, managers in the non-public sector were more likely than those in non-managerial positions to access parental leave, either in a primary or secondary carer capacity.
The key findings for safety and justice are:
- In 2018, the number of recorded incidences of female victims of sexual assault increased and was more than five times higher than males.
- In 2017-18, illicit drug offences continued as the leading principal offence for females, while for males illicit drug offences and acts intended to cause injury remained the two leading principal offences.
The key findings for democracy, governance and citizenship are:
- More men (82.9%) occupy senior leadership positions in the non-public sector than women.
- Women continued to be outnumbered by men in Parliament. In 2019, three in ten federal parliamentarians in the House of Representatives and almost two in five federal parliamentarians in the Senate were women.
- In 2019, the proportion of women (51.2%) in Executive Level positions in the public service surpassed men (48.8%) for the first time.