Energy Account, Australia

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This publication presents estimates of energy assets, and physical/monetary supply and use. It also presents key indicators to support data users

Reference period
2017-18 financial year

Summary indicators

Household energy use per person and aggregate industry intensity has trended downwards, however in 2017-18:

  • Household energy use per person has remained steady at 51.4 GJ/ Person
  • Industry energy intensity has remained steady at 1,683 GJ/ GVA

It should be noted that the structural mix of the economy is a contributing factor to the longer term decline in the industry intensity figure. Higher intensity industries like manufacturing have contracted resulting in a lower intensity industry mix for Australia.

Household energy patterns have shown:

  • Net energy use per household remained steady at 135.3 GJ
  • Net household consumption increased 1.3% to 1,285 PJ
  • Annual household energy costs rose by 9%, to $5,269

Energy stocks

The stocks of economically demonstrated energy resources have generally increased:

  • Black coal stocks have increased 8% to 2,660 billion PJ
  • Natural gas has increased 6% to 133 billion PJ
  • Uranium has increased 2% to 746 billion PJ
  • Crude oil has decreased 3% to 4.5 billion PJ

Physical supply and use

Australia's net energy increased 2.1% to 24,180 petajoules (PJ) in 2017-18.

Australia’s energy was supplied from:

  • Direct extraction from the environment (21,879 PJ)
  • Imports (2,301 PJ)

In terms of direct extraction Australia’s energy supply came from the following commodities:

  • Black coal, 12,370 PJ
  • Natural gas, 4,824 PJ
  • Uranium, 3,127 PJ
  • Crude oil, 589 PJ
  • Brown coal, 473 PJ
  • LPG, 112 PJ
  • Bagasse, 100 PJ
  • Wood/ wood waste, 94 PJ
  • Hydro, 58 PJ
  • Wind, 55 PJ
  • Solar, 53 PJ

Australia’s energy was used by:

  • Exports (18,609 PJ)
  • Industry (2,904 PJ)
  • Households (1,285 PJ)

The remainder of energy produced was either lost in transformation or reflects inventory changes.

  1. Includes Forestry and Fishing,
  2. Includes Gas, Water supply and Waster services,
  3. Includes postal and warehousing,
  4. Includes all other industries.

Renewable energy supply used for electricity has continued to increase:

  • Hydro produced 2% less energy, suppling 58 PJ
  • Solar produced 18% more energy, supplying 53 PJ
  • Wind produced 22% more energy, supplying 55 PJ

In terms of energy exports:

  • Black Coal exports increased 1% to 10,761 PJ
  • Uranium exports increased 15% to 3,815 PJ
  • LNG exports increased 18% to 3,376 PJ

A note on energy prices

Please note that calculation of an average unit price utilising the monetary estimates and physical estimates from this publication may not provide accurate estimates of price change. An average unit value will reflect both price change and changes in the product mix. There are a broad range of price indexes published by the ABS for the purpose of measuring price change over time.

6401.0 Consumer Price Index, Australia (cat. no. 6401.0)

Table 7. CPI Group, Sub-group and Expenditure Class, Weighted Average of the Eight Capital Cities

  • Electricity
  • Gas and other household fuels
  • Automotive fuels

6427.0 Producer Price Indexes, Australia (cat. no. 6427.0)

Table 11. Input to the Coal Mining industry, index numbers and percentage changes.

Table 12. Output of the Manufacturing industries, division, subdivision, group and class index numbers

  • 17 Petroleum and coal product manufacturing
  • 1701 Petroleum refining and petroleum fuel manufacturing
  • 1811 Industrial gas manufacturing

Table 13. Input to the Manufacturing industries, division and selected industries, index numbers and percentage changes

  • Index numbers, Coal mining
  • Index numbers, Oil and gas extraction
  • Index numbers, Petroleum and coal products
  • Index numbers, Natural gas
  • Index numbers, Electricity

Table 36. Output to the Mining industry, index numbers

  • Gas extraction, Domestic
  • Gas extraction, Domestic, East coast market
  • Gas extraction, Domestic, Western Australia

Feature Article: Introducing the Producer Price Indexes, Domestic Gas Extraction Series in Producer Price Indexes, Australia, Sep 2017 (cat. no. 6427.0) provides further information of the Output to the Mining industry indexes.

6457.0 International Trade Price Indexes, Australia (cat. no. 6457.0)

Tables 1,3 and 12. Import Price Index by SITC, Index Numbers and Percentage Changes

  • Index numbers, 33 Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials

Tables 7 and 9. Export Price Index by SITC, Index Numbers and Percentage Changes

  • Index numbers, 32 Coal, coke and briquettes
  • Index numbers, 33 Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
  • Index numbers, 34 Gas, natural and manufactured

Monetary supply and use

Energy supply

Australia's supply of energy products, in basic prices, was valued at $202 billion, of which:

  • Domestic supply accounted for 83%, at $168 billion
  • Imports accounted for 17%, at $33 billion

Domestic supply was composed of:

  • Coal, accounting for $65 billion
  • Electricity, accounting for $22 billion
  • Oil, accounting for $8 billion
  • Supply of gas and petroleum product estimates not available for publication

The key industries supplying energy products were:

  • Mining, supplying $120 billion
  • Manufacturing, supplying $25 billion
  • Electricity, gas, water and waste, supplying $19 billion
  1. Includes all other industries.

Energy use

Australia’s use of energy, in purchaser prices, was valued at $255 billion, of which:

  • Domestic consumption accounted for 60% at $153 billion
  • Exports accounted for 40%, at $103 billion

Domestic use was composed of:

  • Petroleum products, accounting for $66 billion
  • Electricity generation, accounting for $47 billion
  • Gas, accounting for $24 billion
  • Oil, accounting for $11 billion
  • Coal, accounting for $5 billion

In terms of consumers of energy the following were major users:

  • Households consumed $50 billion
  • Manufacturing consumed $26 billion
  • Transport consumed $17 billion

The key energy exports valued in the energy account were:

  • Coal, at $61 billion
  • Gas, at $32 billion

Note that uranium exports are not valued in this account.

  1. Includes Forestry and Fishing,
  2. Includes Gas, Water supply and Waster services,
  3. Includes postal and warehousing,
  4. Includes Government use.

Changes in this issue

  • Liquefied natural gas has been added to the physical supply/ use net tables, aligning its product spread with the physical gross supply/ use tables
  • The hybrid table has been discontinued in this release.
  • Monetary Supply and Use of non-energy products has been removed from the monetary tables. Monetary Supply and Use tables for all products can be found in the Australian National Accounts: Supply Use Tables, 2017-18 (cat. no. 5217.0), if users would like to compare the value of energy products against the wider economy

Data downloads

Table 1 Australian energy indicators

Table 2 Australian energy stocks

Table 3 Australian gross physical supply and use of energy

Table 4 Australian detailed gross physical supply and use of energy

Table 5 Australian net physical supply and use of energy

Table 6 Australian detailed net physical supply and use of energy

Table 7 Australian monetary supply and use of energy

Table 8 Australian detailed monetary supply and use of energy

All data cubes

Previous catalogue number

This release previously used catalogue number 4604.0.

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