Energy Account, Australia

Latest release

Estimates of energy supply and use, including renewable energy use, end use, and energy stocks.

Reference period
2021-22 financial year

Key statistics

Australia’s net energy supply decreased by 4% in 2021-22 to 22,914 PJ.

  • Energy exports decreased by 2% to 17,834 PJ.
  • Household energy end use decreased by 4% to 913 PJ.
  • Industry energy end use increased by 2% to 3,232 PJ.
  • Renewable energy extraction (hydro, solar, and wind energy) increased by 19% to 291 PJ.

Updates to Table 3 and addition of Table 4 were made on 19 December 2023. See Post release changes for more information.


Australia's energy was supplied from: 

  • Domestic production i.e., commodities extracted from the environment (20,757 PJ).
  • Imported products (2,157 PJ).

The main sources of domestic energy production were:

  • Black coal (10,838 PJ of which 93% was exported).
  • Natural gas (5,842 PJ of which 79% was exported as LNG).
  • Uranium (2,108 PJ of which 100% was exported).
  • Crude oil and condensates (844 PJ of which 77% was exported).
  • Brown coal (410 PJ which was mostly used for domestic production of electricity).

Renewable energy use

The production of renewable energy continued to increase (up 19% to 291 PJ). Renewable energy sources can now supply 30% of domestic electricity use and have exceeded aggregate annual household electricity demand since 2019-20, with combined solar and wind energy supply exceeding aggregate household demand for the first time in 2021-22. The main sources of renewable energy in 2021-22 were:

  • Solar energy up 25% to 125 PJ.
  • Wind energy up 17% to 105 PJ.
  • Hydro energy up 12% to 61 PJ.

End use

Energy end use by industry was up 2% to 3,232 PJ while energy end use by households was down 4% to 913 PJ.

  • Manufacturing energy end use down 3% to 999 PJ.
  • Mining energy end use up 1% to 647 PJ.
  • Commercial and services energy end use up 1% to 620 PJ.
  • Transport, storage and services energy end use up 15% to 512 PJ.
  • Construction energy end use up 5% to 177 PJ.
  • Agriculture, forestry and fishing energy end use up 9% to 175 PJ.
  • Electricity, gas, water and waste services energy end use up 3% to 102 PJ.

Industry energy intensity

Energy intensity is the ratio of energy consumed (GJ) per unit of economic output (GVA). This ratio has fallen from an average of 1,509 GJ/$M GVA output in 2020-21 to 1,482 GJ/$M GVA output in 2021-22. 

Industry energy intensity of selected industries:

  • Manufacturing down 6% to 7,938 GJ/$M GVA.
  • Agriculture down 6% to 2,810 GJ/$M GVA.
  • Transport, storage and services up 4% to 5,371 GJ/$M GVA.

Energy stocks

The total stocks of economically demonstrated energy resources fell by 1.3% in 2022-23:

  • Black coal stocks down by 0.3% to 2,052,000 PJ.
  • Uranium stocks down 0.6% to 681,464 PJ.
  • Brown coal stocks down 8.9% to 632,100 PJ.
  • Natural gas stocks up 11.2% to 212,734 PJ.

Defining economically demonstrated energy resources

Consists of known deposits of coal, oil, gas or other fuels and metallic ores, and non-metallic minerals, etc., that are economically exploitable given current technology and relative commodity prices.

Changes in this issue

The sources and methods for the Energy Account, Australia (EAA) have been updated. This publication provides information on the physical supply and use of energy.  Users should note that the data in this release will vary from earlier data published. Updated information relating to the monetary supply and use of energy will be released in the next account, due for release in 2024.

Information relating to the new sources and methods is included in the methodology section.

Data downloads

Table 4 was made available on 19 December 2023. This table includes information on end use of major energy products at the sub-division level. Table 3 was also updated at this time to include additional years information. Tables 1 and 2 remain unchanged from their release on 27 November 2023. 

Energy Account, Australia 2021-22

Data files

Post Release Changes

19/12/2023 – Additional data released in Data Downloads section:

  • Table 3 - additional years data in Australian physical supply and use of energy.
  • Table 4 - providing data on end use of major energy products at the sub-division level.



The energy account includes:

  • The total supply and use of energy within the Australian economy, including imports and exports.
  • Energy assets
  • Data is currently compiled in physical (Petajoule (PJ)) terms only.


Data available for:

  • Australia only


Information relating to supply and use of energy and energy products are sourced from a range of administrative and survey sources.

Collection method

The energy account is produced by balancing the supply and use of energy and energy products in the economy.

Concepts, sources and methods

The EAA is intended to show how energy products are supplied and used within the economy (i.e. how they are produced, imported, exported and used domestically) using the System of Environmental and Economic Accounting (SEEA) as its conceptual basis.

History of changes

These are the first estimates produced using an updated method based on new and existing data sources. Data has been revised back to 2010-11. Caution should be exercised when comparing data with earlier years.

View full methodology
Back to top of the page