The main contributors to the fall were:
- Coal, coke and briquettes (-7.8%), due to price falls for both thermal and metallurgical coal, as supply concerns for thermal coal eased and global steel demand remained low,
- Metalliferous ores and metal scrap (-0.9%), due to weak Chinese iron ore demand stemming from COVID-19 restrictions and diminished economic growth,
- Petroleum and petroleum products (-7.5%), driven by a fall in oil demand amidst global economic uncertainty, and
- Meat and meat preparations (-3.0%), driven by improved global supply, particularly out of the US as drought conditions led to producers exporting record volumes of beef.
The main offsetting contributors were:
- Cereals and cereal preparations (+8.1%), driven by continued strong demand and the depreciation of the Australian dollar,
- Crude fertilisers and crude minerals (+11.6%), driven by price rises for lithium, as demand increased alongside electric vehicle sales, and
- Gold, non-monetary (+4.3%), driven by market sentiment that inflation had peaked, and monetary policy expected to ease, which turned investors to gold.
Through the year, the Export Price Index rose 20.5%. The main contributors were:
- Coal, coke and briquettes (+42.5%), and
- Gas, natural and manufactured (+46.2%).