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Consumer Price Index, Australia

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of household inflation and includes statistics about price change for categories of household expenditure

Reference period
December 2019
Released
29/01/2020

Key statistics

  • The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 0.7% this quarter.
  • Over the twelve months to the December 2019 quarter the CPI rose 1.8%.
  • International holiday, travel and accommodation fell -2.9%.
  • Tobacco (+8.4%), automotive fuel (+4.4%) and fruit (+6.8%) all rose.

Main features

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Weighted average of eight capital citiesSep Qtr 2019 to
Dec Qtr 2019
Dec Qtr 2018 to
Dec Qtr 2019
% change% change
All groups CPI
0.7
1.8
Food and non-alcoholic beverages
1.3
2.6
Alcohol and tobacco
3.0
6.5
Clothing and footwear
-0.3
1.4
Housing
0.1
0.2
Furnishings, household equipment and services
-0.3
1.1
Health
-0.3
3.2
Transport
1.5
2.8
Communication
-1.0
-3.8
Recreation and culture
0.9
1.5
Education
0.1
2.9
Insurance and financial services
0.4
0.7
CPI analytical series  
 All groups CPI, seasonally adjusted
0.6
1.8
 Trimmed mean
0.4
1.6
 Weighted median
0.4
1.3
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Changes in this and future releases

This issue includes the introduction of updated weighting patterns using 2017-18 Household Final Consumption Expenditure data available from the Australian System of National Accounts (cat. no. 5204.0). For more details on these changes and the updated weighting patterns, refer to Information Paper: Introduction of the Consumer Price Index Weight Update (cat. no. 6470.0.55.002). The information paper also contains a feature article on Quality Change in the Australian CPI.

The CPI Annual Seasonal Re-analysis (ASR) was conducted in the December quarter 2019. The ASR assesses the CPI seasonal patterns in more detail than is possible in the quarterly processing cycle. The outcomes of the ASR are provided in the Appendix to this issue.

Changes to the seasonally adjusted CPI series do not affect the original CPI series.

For more information about seasonal adjustment, see methodology page.

Main contributors to change

CPI groups

The discussion of the CPI groups below is ordered in terms of their absolute significance to the change in All groups index points for the quarter (see Tables 6 and 7). Unless otherwise stated, the analysis is in original terms.

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Alcohol and tobacco group (+3.0%)

  • 8.4% rise in tobacco is the main contributor due to the annual tobacco excise tax increase of 12.5% and the biannual increase based on Average Weekly Ordinary Time Earnings (AWOTE) indexation applied on 1 September 2019.
  • Over the last twelve months the group rose 6.5%. The main contributor is tobacco (+14.0%).
  • In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 1.3%. The main contributor is tobacco (+3.1%).

Food and non-alcoholic beverages group (+1.3%)

  • 6.8% rise in fruit, 1.0% rise in meals out and takeaway foods and 2.9% rise in beef and veal are the main contributors. Drought conditions are impacting the prices for a range of fresh produce including grapes, melons, onions, potatoes, eggs, rice and prawns. Strength in meat prices continues due to the combined effects of high global demand resulting from the spread of African Swine Fever in Asia and ongoing drought conditions in Australia.
  • 2.2% fall in waters, soft drinks and juices partially offset the rise.
  • Over the last twelve months the group rose 2.6%. The main contributor is meals out and takeaway foods (+2.1%) due to rising input costs.
  • In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 0.8% this quarter. The main contributor is and meals out and takeaway foods (+1.0%).

Transport group (+1.5%)

  • 4.4% rise in automotive fuel is the main contributor as higher world oil prices flow through to consumers . Automotive fuel rose in September (+2.7%) and October (+4.0%), fell in November (-2.1%), then rose again in December (+1.0%).
  • Over the last twelve months the group rose 2.8%. The main contributor is automotive fuel (+2.9%).
  • In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 1.8% this quarter. The main contributor is automotive fuel (+4.4%).

The following graph shows the pattern of the average daily prices for unleaded petrol for the eight capital cities over the last fifteen months.

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Recreation and culture group (+0.9%)

  • 7.3% rise in domestic holiday, travel and accommodation is the main contributor as a result of price rises in the lead up to the peak summer holiday period.
  • 2.9% fall in international holiday, travel and accommodation is the main offset to the group due to the off-peak tourist seasons in Europe and America.
  • Over the last twelve months the group rose 1.5%. The main contributor is international holiday, travel and accommodation (+3.6%).
  • In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose by 0.1% this quarter. The main contributor is domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (+1.7%).

Insurance and financial services group (+0.4%)

  • 0.4% rise in other financial services is the main contributor.
  • Over the last twelve months the group rose 0.7%. The main contributor is other financial services (+0.8%).
  • In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 0.3% this quarter.

Furnishings, household equipment and services group (-0.3%)

  • 3.7% fall in household textiles and 1.4% fall in furniture are the main contributors due to sales events throughout the quarter.
  • 1.5% rise in child care partially offset the fall.
  • Over the last twelve months the group rose 1.1%. The main contributor is child care (+7.2%).
  • In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 0.2% this quarter. The main contributor is child care (+1.9%).

Communication group (-1.0%)

  • 0.9% fall in telecommunication equipment and services is the main contributor
  • Over the last twelve months the group fell -3.8%. The main contributor is telecommunication equipment and services (-3.9%).
  • The communication group is not seasonally adjusted.

Health group (-0.3%)

  • 1.3% fall in pharmaceutical products is the main contributor due to the cyclical effect of a greater proportion of consumers who qualify for subsidies under the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS), reducing out-of-pocket expenses.
  • Over the last twelve months the group rose 3.2%. The main contributor is medical and hospital services (+3.6%).
  • In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 0.9% this quarter. The main contributor is medical and hospital services (+1.0%).

Housing group (+0.1%)

  • 0.4% rise in new dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers is the main contributor.
  • New dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers recorded modest growth, after three consecutive quarterly price falls. Increases to base prices and reductions in the value of promotional offers for project homes contributed to the rise.
  • The fall in utilities (-0.6%) is mainly due to the switch to off-peak pricing in Melbourne for gas and other household fuels. The introduction of new market offers with lower supply and usage charges for both gas and other household fuels (-1.9%) and electricity (-0.7%) also contributed to the fall.
  • A rise in water and sewerage (+0.6) partially offset the fall in utilities. Reduced dam levels in Sydney saw the desalination plant become operational, resulting in increased water usage charges.
  • Over the last twelve months the group rose 0.2%.
  • In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 0.2% this quarter. The main contributor is new dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (+0.4%).

Clothing and footwear group (-0.3%)

        • 2.5% fall in garments for women is the main contributor due to sales events throughout the quarter.
        • Over the last twelve months the group rose 1.4%. The main contributors are accessories (+2.7%) and footwear (+3.4%).
        • In seasonally adjusted terms, the group fell 0.2% this quarter. The main contributor is garments for women (-1.6%).

        Education group (+0.1%)

        • Over the last twelve months the group rose +2.9%. The main contributors are secondary education (+4.2%) and preschool and primary education (+2.9%).
        • In seasonally adjusted terms, the group rose 0.7% this quarter. The main contributor is secondary education (+1.0%).

        International trade exposure - tradable and non-tradables

        Tradables (+0.2% quarter, +1.7% annual):

        • Tradable goods component rose 0.5% mainly due to automotive fuel (+4.4%) and fruit (+6.8%).
        • Tradable services component fell 2.8% mainly due to international holiday, travel and accommodation (-2.9%).

        Non-tradables (+1.0% quarter, +2.0% annual):

        • Non-tradable goods component rose 1.3%, mainly due to tobacco (+8.4%).
        • Non-tradable services component rose 0.8% mainly due to domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (+7.3%).

        In seasonally adjusted terms, the tradables component of the All groups CPI rose 0.4% and the non-tradables component rose 0.7%.

        Seasonally adjusted analytical series

                In the December 2019 quarter:

                • All groups CPI seasonally adjusted rose 0.6% for the quarter and 1.8% for the year.
                • Trimmed mean rose 0.4%, following a rise of 0.4% in the September 2019 quarter.
                • Over the twelve months to the December 2019 quarter, the trimmed mean rose 1.6%, following a rise of 1.6% over the twelve months to the September 2019 quarter.
                • Weighted median rose 0.4%, following a rise of 0.4% in the September 2019 quarter.
                • Over the twelve months, the weighted median rose 1.3%, following a rise of 1.3% over the twelve months to the September 2019 quarter.
                   
                 ORIGINALSEASONALLY ADJUSTED
                Sep Qtr 2019 to Dec Qtr 2019Sep Qtr 2019 to Dec Qtr 2019
                %%
                All groups CPI
                0.7
                0.6
                Food and non-alcoholic beverages
                1.3
                0.8
                Alcohol and tobacco
                3.0
                1.3
                Clothing and footwear
                -0.3
                -0.2
                Housing
                0.1
                0.2
                Furnishings, household equipment and services
                -0.3
                0.2
                Health
                -0.3
                0.9
                Transport
                1.5
                1.8
                Communication(a)
                -1.0
                -1.0
                Recreation and culture
                0.9
                0.1
                Education
                0.1
                0.7
                Insurance and financial services
                0.4
                0.3
                International trade exposure series  
                 Tradables
                0.2
                0.4
                 Non-tradables
                1.0
                0.7
                a. not seasonally adjusted.
                 

                A detailed explanation of the seasonal adjustment of the All Groups CPI and calculation of the trimmed mean and weighted median measures is available in Information Paper: Seasonal Adjustment of Consumer Price Indexes, 2011 (cat. no. 6401.0.55.003) available on the ABS website. Revisions to the seasonally adjusted estimates can be the result of the application of concurrent seasonal adjustment, described in the Methodology page.

                Capital cities comparison

                All groups CPI

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                The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 0.7% this quarter in original terms and rose 0.6% in seasonally adjusted terms. Annually, the CPI rose 1.8%.

                • At the All groups level, all capital cities recorded a rise this quarter ranging from Darwin (+0.2%) to Hobart (+1.7%).
                • Annually at the All groups level, all capital cities rose ranging from Darwin (0.5%) to Hobart (+2.7%).
                • Food and non-alcoholic beverages has risen in all capital cities this quarter ranging from 0.9% in Adelaide, Darwin and Canberra, to 1.5% in Sydney and Melbourne. Lower seasonal supply and adverse weather, particularly drought conditions, are seeing price rises for fruit and vegetables (+3.5%) and dairy and related products (+1.3%), while strong international demand, combined with drought conditions is leading to price rises for meat and seafoods (+1.5%).
                • Transport rose in all capital cities this quarter mainly due to price rises for automotive fuel following higher global oil prices. Automotive fuel increases ranged from 2.3% in Darwin to 5.4% in Sydney.
                • Housing recorded rises in all capital cities this quarter with the exception of Sydney (-0.3%) and Darwin (-0.4%). Sydney had price falls for new dwelling purchases by owner-occupiers, rents and utilities. Hobart (+1.2%) recorded the strongest rise for housing this quarter due to strong price increases for new dwelling purchases by owner-occupiers and rents.
                   

                All groups CPI, all groups index numbers and percentage changes

                 Index number(a)                       Percentage change
                Dec Qtr 2019Sep Qtr 2019 to
                Dec Qtr 2019
                Dec Qtr 2018 to
                Dec Qtr 2019
                Sydney
                117.1
                0.5
                1.6
                Melbourne
                116.9
                0.9
                2.0
                Brisbane
                116.3
                0.7
                2.0
                Adelaide
                115.4
                0.8
                2.1
                Perth
                113.1
                0.4
                1.6
                Hobart
                116.7
                1.7
                2.7
                Darwin
                111.5
                0.2
                0.5
                Canberra
                115.0
                0.6
                1.7
                Weighted average of eight capital cities
                116.2
                0.7
                1.8
                a. Index reference period: 2011-12 = 100.0.
                 

                Main contributors by city:

                Sydney (+0.5%)

                • Tobacco (+8.1%)
                • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (+6.0%)
                • Automotive fuel (+5.4%).

                The rise was partially offset by:

                • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-2.9%)
                • New dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (-0.7%); driven by increases in promotional offer values.
                • Motor vehicles (-1.5%)
                • Housing related expenses fell 0.3% this quarter, driven by falls in new dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (-0.7%), rents (-0.3%), electricity (-0.6%) and gas and other household fuels (-1.2%).

                Melbourne (+0.9%)

                • Tobacco (+8.3%)
                • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (+9.8%)
                • Automotive fuel (+4.5%)
                • New dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (+1.5%) with increases in base prices and reductions in the value of promotional offers.

                The rise was partially offset by:

                • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-2.7%)
                • Gas and other household fuels (-3.3%); driven by the switch to off-peak pricing for gas.

                Brisbane (+0.7%)

                • Tobacco (+8.8%)
                • Automotive fuel (+4.8%)
                • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (+3.7%)

                The rise was partially offset by:

                • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-2.4%)
                • Motor vehicles (-1.3%).

                Adelaide (+0.8%)

                  • Tobacco (+8.5%)
                  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (+10.6%)
                  • Automotive fuel (+3.3%).

                  The rise was partially offset by:

                  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-3.2%)
                  • Electricity (-1.5%) with the introduction of new market offers with lower supply and usage charges this quarter.

                  Perth (+0.4%)

                  • Tobacco (+8.7%)
                  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (+7.4%)
                  • Automotive fuel (+3.1%).

                  The rise was partially offset by:

                  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-3.7%)
                  • Garments for women (-4.0%)
                  • Wine (-2.7%).

                  Hobart (+1.7%)

                  • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (+18.7%); due to increased tourist demand.
                  • Tobacco (+8.1%)
                  • Automotive fuel (+2.4%)
                  • New dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (+1.7%); due to strong demand with builders passing on increased input costs.

                  The rise was partially offset by:

                  • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-4.0%)
                  • Garments for women (-3.9%).

                  ​​​​​​​Darwin (+0.2%)

                      • Tobacco (+8.8%)
                      • Automotive fuel (+2.3%)
                      • Fruits (+7.5%).

                      The rise was partially offset by:

                      • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (-11.0%); which is the only recorded fall across all capital cities due to reduced demand during the wet season.
                      • Rents (-1.5%)
                      • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-2.6%).

                      Canberra (+0.6%)

                      • Domestic holiday, travel and accommodation (+6.4%)
                      • Tobacco (+8.4%)
                      • Automotive fuel (+3.1%).

                      The rise was partially offset by:

                      • International holiday, travel and accommodation (-2.6%)
                      • Garments for women (-4.7%).

                      Further analysis is available in the Main contributors to change commentary.

                      Use of price indexes in contracts

                      Price indexes published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) provide summary measures of the movements in various categories of prices over time. They are published primarily for use in Government economic analysis. Price indexes are also often used in contracts by businesses and government to adjust payments and/or charges to take account of changes in categories of prices (Indexation Clauses).

                      Use of Price Indexes in Contracts that sets out a range of issues that should be taken into account by parties considering including an Indexation Clause in a contract using an ABS published price index.

                      Frequently asked questions

                      The Frequently Asked Questions page that has answers to a number of common questions to do with price indexes and the Consumer Price Index, in particular.

                      Article archive

                      CPI feature articles

                      Quality Change in the Australian CPI, December 2019 (cat. no. 6470.0.55.002)

                      Underlying Inflation Measures: Explaining the Trimmed Mean and Weighted Median, April 2019 (Chief Economist Series)

                      70 Years of Inflation in Australia, October 2018 (Chief Economist Series)

                      70 years of the Australian Consumer Price Index, September quarter 2018 (cat. no. 6401.0)

                      The Australian CPI: A Contemporary Measure of Household Inflation, September quarter 2017 (cat. no. 6401.0)

                      The average size and proportion of price changes in the CPI, September quarter 2017 (cat. no. 6401.0)

                      What role does housing play in the Consumer Price Index and Selected Living Cost Indexes?, March quarter 2017 (cat. no. 6467.0)

                      Potential Impact of Tropical Cyclone Debbie on the CPI, March quarter 2017 (cat. no. 6401.0)

                      Consumer spending patterns and price change: How does electricity compare?, March quarter 2017 (cat. no. 6401.0)

                      Measuring Price Change of Attached Dwellings in the CPI, December quarter 2016 (cat. no. 6401.0)

                      Review of the Consumer Price Index International Trade Exposure Series, September quarter 2016 (cat. no. 6401.0)

                      Australian Dietary Guidelines Price Indexes, December quarter 2015 (cat. no. 6401.0)

                      Selected tables - capital cities

                      1 All groups CPI, index numbers(a)

                      PeriodSydneyMelbourneBrisbaneAdelaidePerthHobartDarwinCanberraWeighted average of eight capital cities
                      2015-16
                      108.9
                      108.2
                      108.5
                      107.2
                      108.2
                      106.3
                      108.5
                      106.1
                      108.3
                      2016-17
                      111.1
                      110.2
                      110.4
                      108.9
                      108.9
                      108.2
                      108.7
                      108.1
                      110.2
                      2017-18
                      113.4
                      112.7
                      112.3
                      111.3
                      109.9
                      110.5
                      109.7
                      110.7
                      112.3
                      2018-19
                      115.2
                      114.7
                      114.1
                      113.1
                      111.3
                      113.3
                      110.7
                      113.0
                      114.1
                      2015         
                       December
                      108.9
                      108.3
                      108.5
                      107.3
                      108.6
                      106.6
                      109.0
                      106.0
                      108.4
                      2016         
                       March
                      108.7
                      108.2
                      108.5
                      107.0
                      107.9
                      106.4
                      108.0
                      106.2
                      108.2
                       June
                      109.3
                      108.6
                      109.0
                      107.5
                      108.2
                      106.4
                      108.3
                      106.4
                      108.6
                       September
                      110.4
                      109.1
                      109.7
                      108.4
                      108.6
                      107.1
                      108.7
                      107.3
                      109.4
                       December
                      110.9
                      109.9
                      110.2
                      108.7
                      109.0
                      108.0
                      108.6
                      107.9
                      110.0
                      2017         
                       March
                      111.3
                      110.9
                      110.5
                      109.1
                      109.0
                      108.9
                      108.5
                      108.6
                      110.5
                       June
                      111.7
                      111.0
                      111.0
                      109.2
                      109.0
                      108.9
                      108.8
                      108.6
                      110.7
                       September
                      112.5
                      111.5
                      111.4
                      110.4
                      109.5
                      109.2
                      109.4
                      109.6
                      111.4
                       December
                      113.3
                      112.3
                      112.3
                      111.2
                      109.9
                      110.3
                      109.7
                      110.3
                      112.1
                      2018         
                       March
                      113.6
                      113.3
                      112.4
                      111.6
                      110.0
                      111.1
                      109.7
                      111.2
                      112.6
                       June
                      114.0
                      113.8
                      112.9
                      112.1
                      110.2
                      111.5
                      110.1
                      111.6
                      113.0
                       September
                      114.7
                      114.0
                      113.4
                      112.4
                      110.8
                      112.2
                      110.8
                      112.3
                      113.5
                       December
                      115.2
                      114.6
                      114.0
                      113.0
                      111.3
                      113.6
                      111.0
                      113.1
                      114.1
                      2019         
                       March
                      115.1
                      114.7
                      114.1
                      113.1
                      111.2
                      113.4
                      110.1
                      113.2
                      114.1
                       June
                      115.9
                      115.3
                      114.8
                      113.7
                      112.0
                      114.1
                      111.0
                      113.5
                      114.8
                       September
                      116.5
                      115.9
                      115.5
                      114.5
                      112.6
                      114.7
                      111.3
                      114.3
                      115.4
                       December
                      117.1
                      116.9
                      116.3
                      115.4
                      113.1
                      116.7
                      111.5
                      115.0
                      116.2
                      a. Unless otherwise specified, reference period of each index: 2011-12 = 100.0.
                       

                      2 All groups CPI, percentage changes

                      PeriodSydneyMelbourneBrisbaneAdelaidePerthHobartDarwinCanberraWeighted average of eight capital cities
                      Percentage Change (from Previous Financial Year)
                      2015-161.51.61.60.80.91.30.10.81.4
                      2016-172.01.81.81.60.61.80.21.91.8
                      2017-182.12.31.72.20.92.10.92.41.9
                      2018-191.61.81.61.61.32.50.92.11.6
                      Percentage Change (from Corresponding Quarter of Previous Year)
                      2015         
                       December2.01.91.71.01.51.80.50.71.7
                      2016         
                       March1.31.71.70.70.71.3-0.31.01.3
                       June0.91.41.50.70.51.20.00.81.0
                       September1.71.41.51.20.51.30.01.41.3
                       December1.81.51.61.30.41.3-0.41.81.5
                      2017         
                       March2.42.51.82.01.02.30.52.32.1
                       June2.22.21.81.60.72.30.52.11.9
                       September1.92.21.51.80.82.00.62.11.8
                       December2.22.21.92.30.82.11.02.21.9
                      2018         
                       March2.12.21.72.30.92.01.12.41.9
                       June2.12.51.72.71.12.41.22.82.1
                       September2.02.21.81.81.22.71.32.51.9
                       December1.72.01.51.61.33.01.22.51.8
                      2019         
                       March1.31.21.51.31.12.10.41.81.3
                       June1.71.31.71.41.62.30.81.71.6
                       September1.61.71.91.91.62.20.51.81.7
                       December1.62.02.02.11.62.70.51.71.8
                      Percentage Change (From Previous quarter)
                      2015         
                       December0.30.70.40.20.50.90.30.20.4
                      2016         
                       March-0.2-0.10.0-0.3-0.6-0.2-0.90.2-0.2
                       June0.60.40.50.50.30.00.30.20.4
                       September1.00.50.60.80.40.70.40.80.7
                       December0.50.70.50.30.40.8-0.10.60.5
                      2017         
                       March0.40.90.30.40.00.8-0.10.60.5
                       June0.40.10.50.10.00.00.30.00.2
                       September0.70.50.41.10.50.30.60.90.6
                       December0.70.70.80.70.41.00.30.60.6
                      2018         
                       March0.30.90.10.40.10.70.00.80.4
                       June0.40.40.40.40.20.40.40.40.4
                       September0.60.20.40.30.50.60.60.60.4
                       December0.40.50.50.50.51.20.20.70.5
                      2019         
                       March-0.10.10.10.1-0.1-0.2-0.80.10.0
                       June0.70.50.60.50.70.60.80.30.6
                       September0.50.50.60.70.50.50.30.70.5
                       December0.50.90.70.80.41.70.20.60.7

                      3 Longer term series: all groups CPI, weighted average of eight capital cities, index numbers

                       31 March30 June30 September31 December
                      no.no.no.no.
                      1985
                      37.9
                      38.8
                      39.7
                      40.5
                      1986
                      41.4
                      42.1
                      43.2
                      44.4
                      1987
                      45.3
                      46.0
                      46.8
                      47.6
                      1988
                      48.4
                      49.3
                      50.2
                      51.2
                      1989
                      51.7
                      53.0
                      54.2
                      55.2
                      1990
                      56.2
                      57.1
                      57.5
                      59.0
                      1991
                      58.9
                      59.0
                      59.3
                      59.9
                      1992
                      59.9
                      59.7
                      59.8
                      60.1
                      1993
                      60.6
                      60.8
                      61.1
                      61.2
                      1994
                      61.5
                      61.9
                      62.3
                      62.8
                      1995
                      63.8
                      64.7
                      65.5
                      66.0
                      1996
                      66.2
                      66.7
                      66.9
                      67.0
                      1997
                      67.1
                      66.9
                      66.6
                      66.8
                      1998
                      67.0
                      67.4
                      67.5
                      67.8
                      1999
                      67.8
                      68.1
                      68.7
                      69.1
                      2000
                      69.7
                      70.2
                      72.9
                      73.1
                      2001
                      73.9
                      74.5
                      74.7
                      75.4
                      2002
                      76.1
                      76.6
                      77.1
                      77.6
                      2003
                      78.6
                      78.6
                      79.1
                      79.5
                      2004
                      80.2
                      80.6
                      80.9
                      81.5
                      2005
                      82.1
                      82.6
                      83.4
                      83.8
                      2006
                      84.5
                      85.9
                      86.7
                      86.6
                      2007
                      86.6
                      87.7
                      88.3
                      89.1
                      2008
                      90.3
                      91.6
                      92.7
                      92.4
                      2009
                      92.5
                      92.9
                      93.8
                      94.3
                      2010
                      95.2
                      95.8
                      96.5
                      96.9
                      2011
                      98.3
                      99.2
                      99.8
                      99.8
                      2012
                      99.9
                      100.4
                      101.8
                      102.0
                      2013
                      102.4
                      102.8
                      104.0
                      104.8
                      2014
                      105.4
                      105.9
                      106.4
                      106.6
                      2015
                      106.8
                      107.5
                      108.0
                      108.4
                      2016
                      108.2
                      108.6
                      109.4
                      110.0
                      2017
                      110.5
                      110.7
                      111.4
                      112.1
                      2018
                      112.6
                      113.0
                      113.5
                      114.1
                      2019
                      114.1
                      114.8
                      115.4
                      116.2
                      - nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)

                      Data downloads

                      Tables 1 and 2. CPI - all groups, index numbers and percentage changes

                      Tables 3 and 4. CPI - groups, weighted average of eight capital cities, index numbers and percentage changes

                      Table 5. CPI - groups, index numbers by capital city

                      Table 6. CPI - group, sub-group and expenditure class contribution to change in all groups indexes, by capital city

                      Table 7. CPI - group, sub-group and expenditure class, weighted average of eight capital cities

                      Table 8. CPI - analytical series, weighted average of eight capital cities

                      Table 9. CPI - group, sub-group and expenditure class, index numbers by capital city

                      Table 10. CPI - group, sub-group and expenditure class, percentage change from corresponding quarter of previous year by capital city

                      Table 11. CPI - group, sub-group and expenditure class, percentage change from previous quarter by capital city

                      Table 12. CPI - group, sub-group and expenditure class, points contribution, by capital city

                      Table 13. CPI - group, expenditure class and selected analytical series index numbers, seasonally adjusted, weighted average of eight capital cities


                      13/02/2020 Note: This release incorporates updated values following the release of the December 2019 quarter on 29 January 2020. Amendments have been made for the period June 2000 to June 2008 to the following series :

                      SeriesIDData item description
                      A3604762TIndex Numbers ; Tertiary education ; Australia ;
                      A85032587XIndex Numbers ; Education ; Australia ;

                      Table 14. CPI - expenditure class, combined seasonal adjustment factors, weighted average of eight capital cities


                      13/02/2020 Note: This release incorporates updated values following the release of the December 2019 quarter on 29 January 2020. Amendments have been made for the period June 2000 to June 2008 to the following series :

                      SeriesIDData item description
                      A3605576FCombined Seasonal Adjustment Factors ; Tertiary education ; Australia ;

                      History of changes

                      Show all

                      13/02/2020 Note: This release incorporates updated values following the release of the December 2019 quarter on 29 January 2020. Amendments have been made for the period June 2000 to June 2008 to the following series:

                      Tertiary education, seasonally adjusted
                      Education, seasonally adjusted
                      Tertiary education, Combined Seasonal Adjustment Factors

                      Release elements replaced are:

                      • 'Table 13. CPI: Group, expenditure class and selected analytical series index numbers, seasonally adjusted, weighted average of eight capital cities'; and
                      • 'Table 14. CPI: Expenditure class, combined seasonal adjustment factors, weighted average of eight capital cities'.