Government Finance Statistics, Australia

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Statistics about finances of the general government and public non-financial corporations sectors for the various levels of government in Australia

Reference period
June 2022

Key statistics

In the June quarter 2022:

  • taxation revenue rose 14.5% to $192.6b
  • general government net operating balance rose $15.5b to $13.2b
  • general government borrowing was $8.5b
  • total public demand is expected to contribute 0.1 ppt to the quarterly change in GDP

Unless indicated, all figures presented in this publication are current prices, original series.

One article is included in this release:

Government finance statistics fiscal measures

Government finance statistics fiscal measures, original
 Sep Qtr 2021Dec Qtr 2021Mar Qtr 2022Jun Qtr 2022Mar Qtr 2022 to
Jun Qtr 2022
$m$m$m$m% change
Taxation revenue
 General government143,046178,583168,271192,64314.5%
Total revenue
 General government178,809211,096204,254233,25314.2%
 Public non-financial corporations24,82023,94625,39828,93913.9%
Total expenses
 General government223,656216,453206,494220,0206.6%
 Public non-financial corporations25,29024,75925,59528,68512.1%
GFS Net Operating Balance
 General government-44,847-5,357-2,24013,232np
 Public non-financial corporations-470-813-197255np
GFS Net Lending (+)/Borrowing (-)
 General government-52,179-16,069-12,923-8,484np
 Public non-financial corporations-2,158-3,701-1,920-3,601np

np indicates this value not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

  1. original, current prices

National accounts public sector measures

The table below includes the key public sector aggregates for the June quarter 2022 which will be included in the Australian National Accounts: National Income, Expenditure and Product. The key figures shown include Total Public Demand, Government Final Consumption Expenditure for total general government and Gross Fixed Capital Formation for total general government and total public corporations, seasonally adjusted in current prices and chain volume terms.

The following are the seasonally adjusted chain volume measures based on the previous quarter:

  • public sector demand is expected to contribute 0.1 percentage points to the change in GDP in June quarter 2022
  • general government final consumption expenditure decreased by $922m or 0.8% and is expected to detract 0.2 percentage points from the change in GDP in June quarter 2022
  • general government gross fixed capital formation increased by $1,343m or 6.1%
  • public corporations gross fixed capital formation increased by $309m or 5.3%
  • total public gross fixed capital formation increased by $1,653m or 5.9% and is expected to contribute 0.3 percentage points to the change in GDP in June quarter 2022
Quarterly national accounts public sector measures, seasonally adjusted
   Sep Qtr 2021Dec Qtr 2021Mar Qtr 2022Jun Qtr 2022Mar Qtr 2022
Jun Qtr 2022
   $m$m$m$m% change
General government final consumption expenditure (b)
 Total national52,38653,13355,07755,6801.1
 State and local65,15466,43067,85067,782-0.1
 Total general government final consumption expenditure117,540119,563122,927123,4620.4
Public gross fixed capital formation
 General government
  Total national5,6685,0745,4215,8047.1
  State and local16,63117,04717,63619,1628.7
  Total general government22,29822,12123,05724,9668.3
 Public corporations
  State and local4,4704,5364,8465,0885.0
  Total public corporations5,8946,0586,2426,7448.0
 Total public gross fixed capital formation28,19328,17929,29931,7108.2
Total public demand145,733147,742152,226155,1721.9
Memorandum item
 Net purchases of second hand assets by public sector4805285701,374np
General government final consumption expenditure
 Total national51,07951,47753,58053,411-0.3
 State and local63,68164,43065,34464,591-1.2
 Total general government final consumption expenditure114,760115,907118,924118,002-0.8
Public gross fixed capital formation
 General government
  Total national5,9365,1255,3925,6875.5
  State and local16,45616,56016,79117,8406.2
  Total general government22,39221,68622,18423,5276.1
 Public corporations
  State and local4,2784,2994,5004,6042.3
  Total public corporations5,6525,7615,8206,1295.3
 Total public gross fixed capital formation28,04427,44728,00329,6565.9
Total public demand142,804143,354146,927147,6580.5
Memorandum item
 Net purchases of second hand assets by public sector4655025311,259np

— nil or rounded to zero
np indicates this value not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(b) See Explanatory Notes for the relationship between general government final consumption expenditure and GFS aggregates
(c) Reference year for chain volume measures in 2019-20 = 100.0

Public expenditure contribution to GDP growth

  1. Chain volume measures seasonally adjusted
  2. using the GDP series as published in the Mar 2022 release of Australian National Accounts: National Income, Expenditure and Product

Revisions and changes

Accounting standard changes

From 1 July 2019, government financial reporting implemented the following Australian Accounting Standards Board (AASB) standard changes:

  • Leases (AASB 16)
  • Revenue recognition (AASB 15 & 1058)
  • Service Concession Arrangements (AASB 1059)

GFS outputs are consistent with the historical treatments, which has resulted in increased divergences between economic statistics publications and government financial reporting.


Statistical revisions are carried out regularly in Government Finance Statistics to reflect the most current information and data available.

Upcoming non-government school education revision

The ABS has reclassified payments to non-government schools in the 2020-21 annual GFS publication. This reclassification will be applied in quarterly GFS and the National Accounts from September quarter 2022. This will result in a reclassification of these payments to benefits to households in goods and services in GFS and National Accounts. Commonwealth and state government financial reporting will continue to separately recognise their funding contributions to non-government schools.

For more information refer to 2020-21 GFS annual revisions and changes.

Divergences with government fiscal reporting

Divergences between state and commonwealth government financial reporting and GFS may occur because of conceptual determinations and timing recognition differences, to ensure alignment with economic activity as measured across ABS macroeconomic statistics.

These differences primarily impact:

  • measures of government subsidies and other support payments to businesses and households
  • non-employee expenses
  • change in inventories
  • taxation revenue

Coronavirus (COVID-19)

COVID-19 impacted a range of Government Finance Statistics series over the preceding two years.  As new government policies were announced, the key policies and conceptual determinations were discussed in articles such as Economic measurement during COVID-19: Selected issues in the Economic Accounts, with a quarterly update series, such as Classifying COVID-19 policy interventions during September quarter 2021 in macroeconomic statistics.

Given that the volume of new policies since September quarter 2021 has slowed, this article has been discontinued. The ABS continues to undertake extensive consultation with stakeholders and subject matter experts to determine the appropriate classification for new government policies. The classifications of selected new policies across Commonwealth and State and Territory levels of government are included in the June quarter 2022 Insights article.

Previous catalogue number

This release previously used catalogue number 5519.0.55.001.

Data downloads

Government Finance Statistics, Australia

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