Protection of biodiversity and landscape (COFOG-A 054)
Protection of biodiversity and landscape (COFOG-A 054) consists of government expenditure on protection of biodiversity and landscape. This category covers activities relating to the protection of fauna and flora species (including the reintroduction of extinct species and the recovery of species menaced by extinction), the protection of habitats (including the management of natural parks and reserves) and the protection of landscapes for their aesthetic values (including the reshaping of damaged landscapes for the purpose of strengthening their aesthetic value and the rehabilitation of abandoned mines and quarry sites).
Protection of biodiversity and landscape (COFOG-A 054) is further classified into:
- protection of biodiversity and landscape (COFOG-A 0541).
Protection of biodiversity and landscape (COFOG-A 0541)
Protection of biodiversity and landscape (COFOG-A 0541) consists of:
- the administration, supervision, inspection, operation or support of activities relating to the protection of biodiversity and landscape; and
- grants, loans or subsidies to support activities relating to the protection of biodiversity and landscape.
Includes: National parks and wildlife services; environmental protection programs such as the control and prevention of erosion of beaches and foreshores; flood mitigation in urban areas; places on the Commonwealth Heritage List and the National Heritage List such as historic houses and sites which are part of national parks and wildlife services; protection of native plants, animals and habitats; creation and maintenance of nature conservation areas; administration of tree protection regulations; new plantings to create 'green corridors'; measures to protect and restore ecosystems such as wetlands, riparian, estuarine and dune systems or areas of remnant vegetation; measures to control non-native feral animals such as foxes and rabbits; measures to control noxious weeds such as weeds of national significance; wildlife sanctuaries where animals are protected but not actively managed; fire control activities carried out in national parks, state reserves and crown land; subsidies for agricultural and grazing practices aimed at reducing harm to soils and water bodies; protection and remediation of soil, ground-water and surface water from physical degradation.
Excludes: Operation and support of reforestation and pest and disease control (classified to forestry (COFOG-A 0422)); maintenance of public parks and gardens (classified to recreational and sporting services (COFOG-A 0811)); wildlife parks where animals are actively managed (classified to cultural services not elsewhere classified (COFOG-A 0829)); restoration of water bodies (classified to pollution abatement (COFOG-A 0531)); activities carried out for economic reasons such as improved agricultural production (classified to agriculture (COFOG-A 0421)).