Penrith (C)

2016 Census Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people QuickStats
Geography type Local Government Areas
Area code LGA16350
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 7,750
Male 50.0%
Female 50.0%
Median age 22
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households 3,415
Average people per household 3.3
Median weekly household income $1,588
Median monthly mortgage repayments $2,045
Median weekly rent $360

(a) This label has been updated to more accurately reflect the Census concept shown in this data item. The data has not changed.

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People

demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

Demographics & education

People tables are based on a person's place of usual residence on Census night

People Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Aboriginal 7,509 96.9 207,250 95.9 590,062 90.9
Torres Strait Islander 150 1.9 4,840 2.2 32,344 5.0
Both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 91 1.2 4,080 1.9 26,767 4.1

For the 2016 Census in Penrith (C), there were 7,750 Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people. Of these, 50.0% were male and 50.0% were female.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Indigenous status (INGP)

Age Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Median age 22 -- 22 -- 23 --
0-4 years 947 12.2 24,956 11.5 73,265 11.3
5-14 years 1,720 22.2 49,311 22.8 147,134 22.7
15-24 years 1,653 21.4 41,327 19.1 123,719 19.1
25-34 years 1,096 14.2 27,767 12.8 88,861 13.7
35-44 years 907 11.7 22,886 10.6 72,394 11.2
45-54 years 707 9.1 22,421 10.4 67,415 10.4
55-64 years 434 5.6 15,934 7.4 45,433 7.0
65 years and over 276 3.6 11,576 5.4 30,952 4.8

In Penrith (C), the median age of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people was 22 years. Of the Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 34.5% were children aged 0 to 14 years and 3.6% were people aged 65 years and over.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Married 1,293 25.5 33,345 23.5 105,086 24.5
Separated 216 4.3 6,715 4.7 19,112 4.5
Divorced 354 7.0 10,931 7.7 28,796 6.7
Widowed 117 2.3 4,357 3.1 13,794 3.2
Never married 3,098 61.0 86,555 61.0 261,980 61.1

In Penrith (C), 25.5% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were married and 11.2% were either divorced or separated.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Social marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Registered marriage 1,137 25.2 29,736 23.4 86,716 23.1
De facto marriage 608 13.5 18,245 14.4 60,051 16.0
Not married 2,758 61.2 78,875 62.2 228,281 60.9

In Penrith (C), 25.2% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were in a registered marriage and 13.5% were in a de facto marriage.

View the data quality statement for Social marital status (MDCP)
Education attendance Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Pre-school 258 7.8 7,286 8.2 16,698 6.4
Primary 1,171 35.3 33,034 37.1 97,859 37.5
Secondary 869 26.2 22,640 25.4 65,208 25.0
Technical or further education institution 254 7.7 6,508 7.3 14,227 5.5
University or tertiary institution 202 6.1 5,623 6.3 15,489 5.9
Other 49 1.5 1,420 1.6 5,047 1.9
Not stated 511 15.4 12,589 14.1 46,428 17.8

Of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Penrith (C), 42.8% were attending an educational institution. Of these, 35.3% were attending a primary school, 26.2% were attending a secondary school and 13.8% were attending a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational Institution Attendee Status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Bachelor Degree level and above 317 6.3 9,510 6.7 24,911 5.8
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 328 6.5 8,908 6.3 23,795 5.5
Certificate level IV 200 3.9 5,294 3.7 14,308 3.3
Certificate level III 748 14.8 20,305 14.3 56,625 13.2
Year 12 714 14.1 17,641 12.4 59,949 14.0
Year 11 368 7.3 9,222 6.5 34,674 8.1
Year 10 950 18.7 26,665 18.8 77,265 18.0
Certificate level II 5 0.1 475 0.3 1,215 0.3
Certificate level I 0 0.0 45 0.0 241 0.1
Year 9 or below 723 14.3 23,512 16.6 64,604 15.1
No educational attainment 21 0.4 792 0.6 4,256 1.0
Not stated 579 11.4 15,835 11.2 56,698 13.2

Of people aged 15 and over in Penrith (C), 14.1% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 18.8% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 6.5% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)

Cultural & language diversity

Australian Indigenous language, top responses Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Wiradjuri 10 0.1 355 0.2 432 0.1
Other Australian Indigenous Languages, nec 5 0.1 161 0.1 347 0.1
Aboriginal English, so described 4 0.1 162 0.1 625 0.1
 null  null  null  null  null  null  null
English only spoken at home 7,216 93.2 204,018 94.4 544,491 83.9

English was the only language spoken at home by 93.2% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Penrith (C). The only other responses for language at home were Wiradjuri 0.1%, Other Australian Indigenous Languages, nec 0.1% and Aboriginal English, so described 0.1%.

View the data quality statement for Language spoken at home (LANP)
Ancestry, top responses Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Australian 5,273 47.0 150,901 49.9 399,843 45.0
English 2,268 20.2 60,982 20.2 152,758 17.2
Australian Aboriginal 1,026 9.1 29,526 9.8 140,480 15.8
Irish 803 7.2 18,060 6.0 45,887 5.2
Scottish 449 4.0 11,704 3.9 30,843 3.5

Respondents had the option of reporting up to two ancestries on their Census form, and this is captured by the Ancestry Multi Response (ANCP) variable used in this table. Therefore, the total responses count will not equal the persons count for this area. Calculated percentages represent a proportion of all responses from people in Penrith (C) (including those who did not state an ancestry).

For Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Penrith (C), the most common ancestries were Australian 47.0%, English 20.2%, Australian Aboriginal 9.1%, Irish 7.2% and Scottish 4.0%.

View the data quality statement for Ancestry (ANCP)

Employment

Employment
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Worked full-time 1,831 59.3 38,368 49.7 106,960 48.0
Worked part-time 726 23.5 22,333 29.0 61,049 27.4
Away from work 167 5.4 4,612 6.0 14,143 6.4
Unemployed 363 11.8 11,827 15.3 40,486 18.2
Not in the labour force 1,911 37.7 60,973 43.0 190,132 44.3

There were 3,087 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Penrith (C). Of these 59.3% were employed full time, 23.5% were employed part-time and 11.8% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

For information on the Community Development Programme (CDP) please refer to the Census Data Dictionary. CDP data is available in TableBuilder.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Occupation, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Community and Personal Service Workers 423 15.5 11,165 17.1 30,991 17.0
Clerical and Administrative Workers 417 15.3 8,060 12.3 23,174 12.7
Technicians and Trades Workers 397 14.5 9,016 13.8 24,399 13.4
Labourers 346 12.7 9,913 15.2 27,814 15.3
Machinery Operators and Drivers 318 11.6 5,737 8.8 16,774 9.2
Professionals 288 10.5 8,807 13.5 24,339 13.4
Sales Workers 248 9.1 5,993 9.2 15,791 8.7
Managers 212 7.8 4,756 7.3 12,844 7.1

For Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Penrith (C), the most common occupations were Community and Personal Service Workers 15.5%, Clerical and Administrative Workers 15.3%, Technicians and Trades Workers 14.5%, Labourers 12.7%, Machinery Operators and Drivers 11.6%, Professionals 10.5%, Sales Workers 9.1% and Managers 7.8%.

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Supermarket and Grocery Stores 94 3.6 1,887 2.9 5,555 3.1
Other Social Assistance Services 94 3.6 2,309 3.5 5,302 2.9
Takeaway Food Services 85 3.3 1,944 3.0 4,469 2.5
Road Freight Transport 83 3.2 1,016 1.6 2,549 1.4
Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 83 3.2 2,306 3.5 5,542 3.0

For Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Penrith (C), the most common industries of employment were Supermarket and Grocery Stores 3.6%, Other Social Assistance Services 3.6%, Takeaway Food Services 3.3%, Road Freight Transport 3.2% and Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 3.2%.

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly incomes
People aged 15 years and over
Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Personal 590 -- 472 -- 441 --
Household 1,588 -- 1,214 -- 1,203 --

The median weekly personal income for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Penrith (C) was $590 and the median weekly household income was $1,588.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total household income (HIND)

Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 3,151 62.1 86,767 61.1 263,334 61.4
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 1,613 31.8 42,758 30.1 136,079 31.7
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 671 13.2 20,600 14.5 58,541 13.7
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 644 12.7 21,598 15.2 63,303 14.8

In Penrith (C), of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, 62.1% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 31.8% provided care for children and 13.2% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 12.7% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Dwellings

dwelling characteristics | dwelling structure

Dwelling characteristics

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling characteristics
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Average number of people per household 3.3 -- 3.1 -- 3.2 --
Average number of persons per bedroom 1 -- 1 -- 1 --
Average number of registered motor vehicles per dwelling 1.9 -- 1.8 -- 1.7 --

There has been change in methodology used to calculate the average number of persons per bedroom. To compare the time series for average number of persons per bedroom please refer to Understanding the Census and Census Data

In Penrith (C), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3.3 persons, with 1 persons per bedroom and 1.9 registered motor vehicles per dwelling.

View the data quality statements for: Number of Bedrooms in Private Dwelling (BEDD) Household composition (HHCD) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Housing costs
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Median weekly rent 360 -- 270 -- 250 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 2,045 -- 1,733 -- 1,660 --

In Penrith (C), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $360 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $2,045.

View the data quality statements for: Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Family household composition
Counts the types of families within family households at the dwelling level
Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
One family household: Couple family with no children 480 14.1 15,498 16.2 42,536 16.2
One family household: Couple family with children 1,251 36.7 29,267 30.6 80,803 30.7
One family household: One parent family 887 26.0 25,476 26.7 67,528 25.7
One family household: Other family 50 1.5 1,801 1.9 5,547 2.1
Multiple family household: Couple family with no children 49 1.4 742 0.8 2,223 0.8
Multiple family household: Couple family with children 78 2.3 1,456 1.5 4,951 1.9
Multiple family household: One parent family 63 1.8 1,862 1.9 5,768 2.2
Multiple family household: Other family 5 0.1 92 0.1 471 0.2
Other household 549 16.1 19,295 20.2 53,195 20.2

In Penrith (C), of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households, 15.5% were a couple family with no children, 39.0% were a couple family with children and 27.8% were a one parent family.

In multiple family households, only the family composition of the primary family is recorded. Other household includes lone person households and group households.

View the data quality statement for Family Household Composition, dwelling level (HCFMD)

Dwelling structure

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Separate house 2,767 81.5 75,718 79.7 211,205 80.7
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 412 12.1 9,282 9.8 27,017 10.3
Flat or apartment 204 6.0 8,821 9.3 20,580 7.9
Other dwelling 11 0.3 1,144 1.2 2,897 1.1

In Penrith (C) there were 3,415 private dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people. Where a dwelling type was stated, 81.5% were separate houses, 12.1% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 6.0% were flats or apartments and 0.3% were other dwellings.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Tenure
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Penrith (C) % Penrith (C) New South Wales % New South Wales Australia % Australia
Owned outright 395 11.6 13,854 14.5 32,045 12.2
Owned with a mortgage 1,122 32.8 26,061 27.3 68,085 25.9
Rented 1,775 51.9 51,327 53.8 150,832 57.3
Other tenure type 19 0.6 696 0.7 1,888 0.7
Tenure type not stated 106 3.1 3,553 3.7 10,182 3.9

In Penrith (C), of dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, 11.6% were owned outright, 32.8% were owned with a mortgage and 51.9% were rented.

View the data quality statement for Tenure type (TEND)

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.